WHY DO WE CARE ABOUT
OF A PRESCHOOL?
Designs aimed to improve children’s readiness for school
Allows the children to ease in from culture in home to culture outside of home
SHOULD PRESCHOOLS BE
INSIDE OR OUTSIDE
OF THE SCHOOLS?
Studies show that out-of-school
preschools (in community
settings) lead to families to be
More flexible & welcoming for
families to interact with
teachers & children.
In-school allows children to
adjust to the settings
Several studies predicted that
full-day programs may expose
children with too much
educational input .
A study implied that half-days are
too short to allow the children to
retain the knowledge learned that
Teachers with BA degrees specifically in
early childhood education results in a
HIGHER QUALITY OF LEARNING for the
Focused training and professional
development (for early childhood)
practices leads to BETTER LINGUAL
INTERACTIONS WITH CHILDREN.
Teacher’s level of depression:
Can lead to negative interactions,
harshness and withdrawal.
for the children.
Lower ratio allows
teacher to be more
sensitive to the
Higher concentration of
children in poverty leads to
lower levels of quality
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE
TO PROMOTE GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
Small classrooms and group sizes
High adult to child ratios
Allow parents to be a part of school
committees and decisions
Competent and educated teaching staff
Design school areas away from local
traffic spots (i.e. highways).
Having smaller class sizes also
serves to decrease overall ambient
Too much noise is detrimental to
COLOURS & LIGHTING
Having a VARIED COLOUR SCHEME is important:
Use combination of neutral and bright colours.
Too many bright colours can be distracting.
NATURAL LIGHT STIMULATES LEARNING:
Windows and doors should be redesigned to provide natural light.
GOAL ACTIVITY PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
When designing an
environment, it is
important to set goals
and activities, and
have the environment
reflect their major
An approach that encourages people to be physically active everyday
ACTIVE LIVING CHILDREN
Many aspects go into designing the environment in a preschool to
promote healthy living and encourage physical exercise.
Designers adjust the environment to provide
INTERESTING CHALLENGING SAFE
areas for physical activity.
Provide spacious and varied indoor and outdoor areas to
promote physical activity
The environment needs to reassure children and encourage
inclusion of ALL children.
Structured so that children can explore safely on their own
while still having a sense of adventure and discovery.
LEVEL OF ABILITY
Meet different physical ability levels of the members,
including children with physical limitations and disabilities.
STIMULATING & DYNAMIC
Direct children towards activities that will stimulate and
interest them to seek strength building exercises.
Environment needs to be dynamic in order to maintain the
interest of the children as their physical capabilities
FROM THIS … TO THIS!
Environment has become an
Interdisciplinary Team Effort!
Higher ceilings keep ambient noise
level down and helps kids stay on task.
Non-slip flooring and modular furniture
are easy to clean and break up the space.
NATURAL SURVEILLANCE: open
concept allows teachers to
see and be seen.
Cubbies for each child and
proper storage reduce clutter.
Blocks of color serve as landmarks.
Easy navigation builds confidence, feelings of security.
Markings on floors and walls surround child with visual cues.
Potential benefit during emergency situations.
PREVENTING THE SPREAD OF ILLNESS
CHILD-SIZED facilities make
hand-washing easier and
therefore more likely that
it will actually happen.
Any opportunity to provide children with a
greater degree of control over their environment
boosts confidence and development.
POTENTIAL HEALTH HAZARDS
INDOOR AIR QUALITY:
OTHER TOXIC HAZARDS:
respireable play sand
Natural play areas or “PLAYSCAPES”
stay fun and exciting.
Gardens teach children
where food comes from.
Fewer built structures encourage
kids to explore on their own.
Knowledge of food sources
More time outside leads to
more physical activity.