UNDERSTANDING IDENTITY ANDNEEDS OF ADOLESCENTSTeacher’s WorkshopWorkshop by: DIVYASHU SHARMA
WHO says “An adolescent is an age group between 10-19 years.” Neither a child nor a mature adult, at the same time can exhibits characteristics of both. Period of huge change. New feelings, emotions and thoughts, different from childhood. Body and brain grows rapidly. They are prepared for leading an independent life. Process generally takes 11 to 23 years and attempts to move towards independence for developing unique identity. Power without control. As they have power of adult and mental status of child.
Physical Development Social Development: Ego Identity (What I am and What I stand for) Role Diffusion (running from activity to activity) Gender : Gender Differences Mental process continues to develop, experience and learning have a greater impact than biological factors. Gender Identity Recognition of gender develops by age 3 once its established child usually adapt their behaviour and thoughts to accepted gender specific roles. A Gender Role Gender related activities help an individual to establish an Identity, a person adopts gender-role stereotypes about “typical” behaviour of males and females accepted by society. Peer Pressure: Peer group rarely forces an adolescent to try new activities which may legitimize by indulging them.
Their world is of emotional upheavals. Sometimes strong and opposing feelings being to arise spontaneously. Sometimes feel confused and doesn’t know how to cope with them. Completely not sure about the feelings are normal or natural. These feelings need to be discussed so that can learn the skills of coping with emotions. If not so, can feel that adults do not understand, which means something is wrong. This disturbance can be tackled only by communicating feelings.
PROBLEMS DURING ADOLESCENCE Their problems are many and often involve adolescent’s relationships with peers as well as search for identity. Substance abuse Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Suicides and attempted suicides Sexual Behaviour As the exposure is much more. Many surveys indicate a dramatic increase in adolescent sexual activity. The things are there but irony is that still adolescents are uninformed.
WHAT TEACHERS CAN DO!!! As everyone is unique. To ensure that they develop confidence and good working habits. As teachers need to help them increase there self motivation and self discipline. IMPORTANT COMPONENTS OF ONE’S IDENTITY AND SELF ESTEEM Developing independent opinions and views Setting Goals Forming values and beliefs Understanding and developing one’s qualities, skills, intelligence and talents Self motivation and self discipline
Think independently and begin to form a distinct identity.Demand of greater freedom.They are young and energetic.Surging hormones push towards Exploration, Adventure and Risk taking.Brain is not fully matured.
DISCIPLINE AND ITS IMPACT ON SELF ESTEEM At times there is need to discipline students when they cross the limit of acceptable behaviour. Style of teacher has a huge impact on the adolescents sense of self respect and self confidence. Self respect and self confidence together form the sense of self esteem. There are three distinct styles : Authoritarian Democratic Indulgent
AUTHORITARIAN External discipline is enforced on the adolescent/ child. Rules and regulations are determined by the teacher without any explanation. “ Because I Say so…”Underneath emotion of adolescence/ child: (Fear of punishment to keep check on behaviour, verbal, emotional, or physical violence is used to dominate the child.)The Adolescent/ Child develops as: (Does not develop self discipline, or self motivation. Will grow into a dependent adult, meek and submissive to authority but dominating those who are weaker .)
DEMOCRATIC Communication and consensus form the backbone of teacher child interaction. Rules and regulations are not determined by the teacher, they are logical. “ Your noise may disturb others in the class. How do you think about what you are taking or asking in class can be asked after the class without disturbing others.”Underneath emotion of adolescence/ child: (Conflicts are resolved without recourse to violence of any form.)The Adolescent/ Child develops as: (Learns to do adjustment, learns to settle disputes amicably and is self motivated and self disciplined. Grows into well balanced adult who is unlikely to have unlawful or escapist behaviour.)
INDULGENT No internal or external discipline on adolescent/ child. The adolescent/ child is left to do as pleases. “ Let them do what they want to do….”Underneath emotion of adolescence/ child: (Knows no limits, no boundaries, no discipline either.)The Adolescent/ Child develops as: (Disdain for other people’s right, becomes self indulgent and is a misfit in society. Its possible that such adolescence may drift into drug abuse and unlawful behaviour.)
Most of us use a mixture of these styles in our day to day interactions with the students/ adolescence/ children. Depending on our own parenting, beliefs and experiences. We may believe in one method more than in others. We tend to use that method most of the time. This becomes our teaching style.
Adolescents are often thought as a healthy group. They are more vulnerable. Adolescents die prematurely due to accidents, suicide, violence and other complications. Many more suffer chronic ill health and disability and many serious diseases in adulthood. These diseases roots in adolescence. Most common causes for chronic ill health and disability are tobacco use, STI including HIV, Poor eating and exercise habits, lead to illness or premature death later in life.