Holocaust Presentation


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A PowerPoint presentation on the beginnings of the Holocaust, including information about the rise of Hitler, the Nuremberg Laws, and the events of Kristallnacht.

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Holocaust Presentation

  1. 1.  Take out a piece of notebook paper and answer the following question: Many observers of the Holocaust wonder why more Jews did not leave Germany when persecution began and got worse. What circumstances would cause you personally to leave the US? What would you have to take with you in order to leave?
  2. 2.  By 1936, Jews are banned from all professional positions.  October, 1938: Jews must have a large J printed on their passport.  November 9, 1938: Kristallnacht  April, 1939: Almost all Jewish businesses and companies have closed. Separation from German population almost complete.  September 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland. As the war commences, they begin to funnel Jews into ghettos.
  3. 3.  Why did it happen? • Growing discontent or apathy toward Jewish population • Financial incentives for the Nazi party • The assassination of a German official in France by a Jewish teenager.   In German, means “Night of Broken Glass.” Pogrom: A violent riot aimed at massacre or persecution of an ethnic or religious group (usually Jews).
  4. 4.  Once news of the assassination reaches Germany and Austria, riots begin to break out. • Goebbels: “the Führer has decided that... demonstrations should not be prepared or organized by the party, but insofar as they erupt spontaneously, they are not to be hampered.”  Nazi SA and SS officers don plain clothes and begin to take sledgehammers to Jewish businesses and set fire to synagogues.  Firefighters are told only to prevent the spread of fire to other buildings.
  5. 5.        7500 Jewish stores destroyed throughout Germany and Austria 297 synagogues destroyed (almost all that Germany had) 30,000 Jewish men detained and taken to concentration camps 91 killed in the two days of rioting Jewish community fined 1 billion reichsmarks In Vienna, the pogrom is complete. 94 synagogues destroyed. Documents show high numbers of rape and suicide in the aftermath of the pogroms. Interior of a destroyed synagogue. November 11, 1938. Courtesy of www.yadvashem.com
  6. 6. S.S. soldiers running through the streets during Kristallnacht. Image courtesy of www.landmarkreport.com
  7. 7. Synagogue burns in Siegen, Germany. Credit: Pictorial History
  8. 8. Jewish shop owner after Kristallnacht. Image courtesy of www.telegraph.co.uk Citizens of Rostock watch as a local synagogue burns down the morning after Krystallnacht. Image courtesy of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
  9. 9.    For weeks after Kristallnacht, a program of “Aryanization” begins as Jewish holdings are transferred to Aryan hands. Marks a turning point in German treatment of the Jews. Nazi party officials encouraged by passivity of German population during Kristallnacht. First mass incarceration of Jews due only to their ethnicity. 30,000 Jewish men sent to concentration camps across German territory.
  10. 10. Roll call at Buchenwald Concentration Camp after Kristellnacht. Image courtesy of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
  11. 11. http://www.ushmm.org/information/museumprograms-and-calendar/first-personprogram/first-person-podcast/gerald-liebenaumemories-of-kristallnacht Listen to Gerald Liebenau’s testimony and answer the following question on a piece of notebook paper: What do you think he means, “it became personal?”
  12. 12.  Following Kristallnacht, the process of ghettoization begins.  Jews moved to “temporary” ghettos prior to their eventual deportation.  Deportation would never occur – Jews are instead moved to concentration camps like Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Krakow.  Ghettos run by Judenrat, a Jewish council of community leaders. • Communicated with Nazi leadership • Organized work parties • Distributed food and water
  13. 13.  The Warsaw Ghetto – 380,000 people. Average of 9.2 people per room. • Contains 30% of the population of the city of Warsaw and occupies 2.4% of the city’s area. Ghettos formed in 1940. In 1942, mass deportations of Jews in the ghettos begin.  By 1943, nearly every ghetto dissolved, inhabitants sent to extermination camps.   Children say goodbye to their parents during deportation. Image courtesy of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.