Eating Disorders Pres

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  • Some people do not have an actual eating disorder; sometimes their eating patterns are simply…disordered. Perhaps they don’t understand how to eat balanced meals or they are just emotional eaters. Disordered eating can develop into an eating disorder.
  • Eating disorders are a very serious illness that can eventually lead to death if not treated. More than 8 million Americans are suffering from some type of eating disorder
  • There are four types of eating disorders. In the next few slides, I will explain each one in a little bit more depth.
  • There are many health risks associated with anorexia. It affects the whole body. To name a few, Heart Failure, Kidney Failure, Low protein stores, Digestive problems, Electrolyte imbalance & dehydration
  • Bulimia can be very harmful to the body.
  • From a young age girls play with dolls that have body shapes that are virtually unattainable for women. As girls grow, they make remember their child hood dolls and wish they could look like their beloved barbies. We never see heavier barbies or barbies with different body shapes—all are skinny and tall and girls may think this is what is acceptable in society…and only this body type is considered pretty.
  • In 1970, G.I. Joe doll was slightly thicker in the waist and smaller arms. However in 2009, he had small waist (as though he were a real human) and much larger arms. It is obvious to see that expectations have changed in forty years.
  • Eating Disorders Pres

    1. 2. <ul><li>Occurs due to a reaction to a life situation </li></ul><ul><li>It becomes a habit </li></ul><ul><li>There aren’t any compulsive thoughts or problems in regular functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Educating one self and self-help can affect a change </li></ul>
    2. 3. <ul><li>Categorized as an illness </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent and persistent thoughts about the body, food, and eating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These thoughts lead to problem in daily functioning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Needs professional intervention </li></ul>Disorder
    3. 4. <ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia Nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>Binge Eating Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Eating Disorder NOS </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts of food, eating, and body interferes with daily activities </li></ul><ul><li>Working hard to change body and then compensating for eating (vomiting, extreme exercise or fasting) </li></ul><ul><li>No significant weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t like the way parts of the body look </li></ul><ul><li>Consistently feel like losing a few pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes feel guilty or bad for what you have eaten and may “make up for it” </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly positive feelings about body shape and size </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Exercise </li></ul>Eating Disorder Distressed with body and eating Preoccupied with body and eating Body Confident!
    4. 5. <ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia Nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>Binge Eating Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Individuals have a distorted body image that causes them to perceive themselves as overweight even when they are emaciated </li></ul><ul><li>They often lose large amounts of weight because they refuse to eat, exercise compulsively, or refuse to eat in front of others </li></ul><ul><li>Females experience loss of menstrual cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Males become impotent (erectile dysfunction) </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Dramatic weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal to eat certain foods or food in general </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent excuses to avoid situations that involve food </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive and rigid exercise routine </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from usual friends and family </li></ul>
    7. 9. <ul><li>Individuals seek out binge and purge episodes </li></ul><ul><li>They will eat a large quantity of food in a short period of time and then take laxatives or self-induce vomiting to get rid of the recently consumed food </li></ul><ul><li>Some sufferers may seek episodes of binging and purging to avoid and/or let out feelings of anger, depression, stress or anxiety </li></ul>
    8. 10. <ul><li>Wrappers and containers that indicate a consumption of large amounts of food </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent trips to the bathroom after meals </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of vomiting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stained teeth, calluses on hands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excessive and rigid exercise routine </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from usual friends and family </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>Individuals may be excessively overweight, but they can maintain normal weight </li></ul><ul><li>It is different from bulimia because individuals do not purge after excessive intake of food </li></ul><ul><li>They may consume large amounts of food throughout the day rather only during binges </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li>Wrappers and containers that indicate the consumption of large amounts of food </li></ul><ul><li>MAY be overweight for age and height </li></ul><ul><li>MAY have a long history of repeated efforts to diet, feel desperate about their difficulty to control food intake </li></ul><ul><li>MAY eat throughout the day with no planned mealtimes </li></ul>
    11. 14. <ul><li>High Blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>High cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Gall bladder disease </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Certain types of cancer </li></ul>
    12. 15. <ul><li>NOS category is for disorders of eating that do not meet the criteria for a specific eating disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Females: all of the criteria for Anorexia are met except that the individual has regular menses or despite the a lot of weight loss the individual’s current weight is in the normal range </li></ul></ul>
    13. 16. <ul><li>Excessively concerned about an imagined defect in appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessed about being small and underdeveloped </li></ul>
    14. 17. <ul><li>39.5% of students have eaten less food, fewer calories, or low-fat foods to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight </li></ul><ul><li>10.6% of students did not eat for 24 or more hours to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight </li></ul><ul><li>4.0% of students had vomited or taken laxatives to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight </li></ul><ul><li>8 MILLION people in the U.S. suffer from eating disorders </li></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>deaths were caused </li></ul><ul><li>by eating disorders in the U.S. </li></ul>219 Number ONE in eating disorder deaths. In 2009 The U.S. is ranked
    16. 19. <ul><li>Behaviors are unhealthy coping mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factors to consider: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social & Cultural </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 20. <ul><li>Low Self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of inadequacy or failure </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of being out of control </li></ul><ul><li>Response to change (puberty) </li></ul><ul><li>Response to stress (sports or dance) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal illness </li></ul>
    18. 21. <ul><li>Vulnerable Personality Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for approval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfectionist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessive tendencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrational thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty coping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inability to accept self </li></ul></ul>
    19. 22. <ul><li>Troubled family and personal relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult expressing emotions and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>History of being teased or ridiculed based on size or weight </li></ul><ul><li>History of physical or sexual abuse </li></ul>
    20. 23. <ul><li>Cultural pressures that glorify thinness and place value on obtaining the perfect body </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow definitions of beauty that include women and men of specific body weights and shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural norms that value people on the basis of physical appearance and not on inner qualities and strengths </li></ul>
    21. 24. <ul><li>Seven feet tall </li></ul><ul><li>38 inch chest </li></ul><ul><li>21 inch waist </li></ul><ul><li>36 inch hips </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually unattainable for an adult woman </li></ul>
    22. 25. <ul><li>1970 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 feet 10 inches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32 inch waist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 inch upper arms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>29 inch waist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16.5 inch arms </li></ul></ul>
    23. 26. <ul><li>Eating disorders often run in families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learned coping skills and attitudes in family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genetic Component: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research about the brain and eating show that certain chemicals in the brain that control hunger, appetite, and digestion have been found to be imbalanced </li></ul></ul>
    24. 27. <ul><li>Tears up the mind and body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>distorted and obsessive thoughts regarding food, exercise and body image </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Takes over one’s life—loss of life in other areas such as social, financial, spiritual, professional and academic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anything that pulls you out of balance can destroy your life or make things very miserable </li></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 28. <ul><ul><li>Physical: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amenorrhea (absence of menstrual period) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electrolyte imbalance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dry skin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long lasting disruptions of normal bowel functioning </li></ul></ul></ul>
    26. 29. <ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support or self-help groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutritional treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitalization </li></ul></ul>
    27. 30. <ul><ul><li>Do I often deal with difficult feelings with food? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do I think constantly about my weight and appearance? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do I give too much time and thought to food? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have I lied or been secretive about my eating behavior? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have I gone on eating binges that I felt I might not be able to stop? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have I used vomiting, laxatives, water pills and/or diet pills to control my weight? </li></ul></ul>
    28. 31. <ul><li>Set a time to talk </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate your concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your friend to explore these concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid conflicts or a battle of the wills </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid placing shame, blame, or guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Express your continued support </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries </li></ul>
    29. 32. References <ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.anred.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Eating Disorders Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.nationaleatingdisorders.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Diabetic Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.eatright.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women’s Health Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.womenshealthzone.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Something Fishy Website on Eating Disorder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.something-fishy.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CDC Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.cdc.gov/healthyYouth </li></ul></ul>

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