A common-pool resource a large no. of people have access to… Overuse results in resource degradation… The CPR can be sustained if users refrain themselves. The Dilemma: the CPR collapses if you limit use and your neighbours don’t… and you have lost the short-term benefits.
Government: lack of resources, capacity etc Private: does not ensure sustainability. Here will always remains the temptation to exhaustively harvest a resource and bank the money obtained, particularly if the money grows faster than the resource. see De Young http://www-personal.umich.edu/~rdeyoung/tragedy.html
Complexity can lead to fragmention… and require coordination/collaboration. ANIMATION
>>Nested institutions: Institutions should be complex, redundant and nested in many layers… as many of the complex contemporary problems are apparent in multiple levels simultaneously (provide physical, technical and institutional infrastructure – encourage adaptation and change).
>> Interplay : Most institutions interact with other similar arrangements both horizontally and vertically. Horizontal interactions occur at the same level of social organisation. Vertical interplay occurs across the different levels of social organisation. Interaction between and among organisation may take two forms: Functional interdependence occurs when two or more institutions address problems that are linked in biogeophysical or socio-economic terms. Politics of design when players forge links between issues and institutions intentionally to achieve individual or collective goals (joint funding mechanisms). Use examples GBRMPA, QDPI&F, Community etc. GBRMPA + Defence (Islands)+ Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (Reef Plan) – GBRMPA + DPI&F (Field Management) + QPWS (DERM).
Complexity can and lead to fragmentation… and require coordination/collaboration.
>>There is no optimum governance design : we should expect that governance systems will be operating at less optimum levels given the difficulty to fine-tuning complex multi-layered systems. Plus, the SES are dynamics.
Governing Large-Scale Marine Commons
14 September 2010 Governing Large-Scale Marine Commons Pedro Fidelman Governing Large-Scale Marine Commons Pedro Fidelman