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Web 2.0 Update

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My presentation to the MPA Cohort pilot degree program at University of MN Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs

My presentation to the MPA Cohort pilot degree program at University of MN Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs

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  • How things change! Hi everybody. Found this yesterday and thought I would throw it up here for your enjoyment.  If you're not Java savvy, it's a programming language that has been somewhat open sourced and free for years when Sun was Sun. Then Oracle bought Sun and now Oracle is suing over open source code which could kill the platform.  Google is evil because it's trying to game net neutrality with Verizon. (More on net neutrality later.) Apple is a monopoly with its iPhone franchise and total control of everything that goes on an iPhone. And Microsoft is struggling to continue to stay relevant and build something useful.
  • Thanks for the introduction, Jodi. Good morning. Thanks for inviting me in today to give you a Web 2.0 update. I've gone over your bios and I'm very impressed with the range and breadth of the knowledge out there!    First I'll update you on my current status. I'm a contract web app and site developer. I work in a loose collaboration with a couple of other folks. It's busy but I keep my eyes open for "real" jobs too. In my physical community, Seward Neighborhood, and relating to Web 2.0 and Shirky's Cognitive Dissonance ideas, I've created a little media empire consisting of a news blog, twitter account, Facebook page, Flickr, Youtube, and scribd accounts. Looking for funding on that one. My plan today is to do a short presentation outlining my opinions on I think are important issues and then we can chat. This will also be somewhat of a hopefully enjoyable geek-out. Onward...
  • I thought I would first share a piece of my PF Hyper company web site from 1998. Sorry but most of the images disappeared from the home page rendering it kind of boring. This was my "message" page which in reality was a blog. This all still exists on the web at the Wayback Machine which speaks to the idea of accessibility and permanence that the Web brings to us. This is Web 1.0 with a hint of 2.0 Look at the second entry and you will see I'm talking about my first grandson and clicking the link brings you to an image that survives.
  • I forget that this is even on the web and today, I don't share images of my grandchildren as freely as I once did. But I think this says something about how we put our lives up on the web in a variety of ways. I've always shared via the web and didn't worry much about the privacy issues. I view the web like a small town where we do know much more about our neighbors. For good and for bad.
  • This is from 2005, an article by Tim O'Reilly, who coined the term "Web 2.0". It really nails down the sharing and participation ideas of Web 2.0. Almost everything on the right is in some way indicative of sharing. For example, Akamai & Bittorrent. Akamai was (still is) big distributed servers to speed up content delivery over the web. Apple used them as did other big companies esp. companies pushing video. EXPENSIVE.    Bittorrent is the Web2.0 version. "A Free, open source file-sharing application effective for distributing very large software and media files." FREE. Generally works great. Hated by popular media industry and considered a major tool of content pirates. Also note here: Britannical vs. Wikipedia, publishing vs. participaiton, and CMS's vs. wikis.    (Actually, CMS's like the open source Drupal & WordPress are back in vogue.)
  • Now for the rest of this time I want to talk about some critical issues that both affect and are affected by Web 2.0. I believe it's critical to have an understanding of what's happening in these areas to be responsible leaders today.    And I hope you will see how some of these issues link together because in the Web 2.0 world, it's all related. So we will progress through all of these now...
  • What is Net Neutrality?    
  • Here are the original neutrality principles from the FCC. lawful content - no censorship,  applications - BitTorrent, Peer-to-peer are legal tools that can be used illegally legal devices - routers to create your own network, Wi-Fi devices in your home to extend your network competition - We are failing at competition among network providers right now. Most cities have 2 choices (Mpls has 3 with USIW woohoo), application and services, content providers do give more choices
  • Nondiscrimination - Activists see this as meaning that you can't prioritize content. Comcast & Disney can't create extremely fast pathways to get Mickey Mouse to your living room.  Without this principle we risk a high-cost really fast net vs. a backwater Internet for those who can't afford better. But the kicker here is the average "consumer" won't notice and won't pay more. They will just experience some sites as really fast and others as very slow.     This will stifle innovation! Google, Amazon, Yahoo, Curbly (local) exist because of the dumbness of the Internet pipes. They just pass the data. Network management is allowed but it must be transparent.
  • Verizon-Google talks. Comcast and courts. US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit. April. Can throttle video. FCC may change status of Internet providers. Without a neutral net, the reborn Web, Web 2.0, will take much longer to evolve. It will still evolve, the hackers will route around the roadblocks plus we are only talking about US Internet. What about the rest of the globe?
  • Web 2.0 has been killing the media business . The web is about free content, free news, and media needs new business models. So far they have mostly complained and threatened.   Mr. Shirky writing an obituary for the newspaper business an industry who could smell the big change in the air but failed to really understand how big it was and how little control they really had in changing it.   So the newsPAPER business is dead but not journalism although I struggle to define really what journalism is and who should be "allowed" to practice it.
  • Jay Rosen at NYU writes about press and media and did a wonderful piece entitled "The people formerly known as the audience." He brought up the media practice of calling us "eyeballs" and this is what part of his conclusion states. This fits right into Shirky's talks and writings - they are very much kindred spirits
  • This speaks to a new form of "journalism". The journalist as an organizer of data.   This connects to the open government and open data movements which lobby government at all levels to provide data in multiple formats such as raw feed formats great for mashups and analysis and spreadsheet style. Many of us see PDF as a dead format but it could be an option.    Shirky talks about accessiblity and permanence in relation to stuff on the Web. View this in terms of your very local even hyperlocal governmental body and your community council or neighborhood group. Data from meetings should be in a searchable web repository. This is the new community organizing.  
  • The Web 2.0 world is changing how we govern. Obama signed a transparency memo on his first day in office and the Feds have been bringing more and more data to Internet and sharing it. This is important because this open data means that ordinary people have a chance to see what is going on where before only lobbyists were able to travel to DC and access the data and our legislators. This is leveling the playing field a bit.
  • And from a web 2.0 perspective, one way to open up government is to open up the data.
  • So here are some examples. Open311 is a collaborative effort to create an open standard for 311 services. It provides an API which is an interface for programmers to do things. San Francisco is leading the effort with Open311 Washington DC was a pioneer in releasing their data feeds with rich information and in a variety of formats. I have examples. data.gov. Federal site for stockpiling government data sets. "democratizing public sector data and driving innovation"
  • Washington D.C. has been a leader in releasing data feeds. This is permit information in spreadsheet format. This allows a certain amount of analysis.
  • Using same data in an XML format allows you to create a layer over a Google map and visualize the various permits across the city.
  • With all the sharing online copyright issues come to the forefront and as a nation, we haven't done a great job with this. Writers, musicians, videographers mix and remix material and often should be covered under fair use. But YouTube will remove a video simply by a corporation crying foul. It's then up to the author to request a review.
  • 14 + 14 if author survived
  • 95 years from creation/publication or life + 70 based on death.
  • Another industry that has refused to innovate and instead has alienated consumers
  • dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright.   You can decide the license. For example, anyone can use my photos on Flickr as long as they are not making money from them and as long as I get attribution. 
  • The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) has launched a campaign to raise money from its members to hire lobbyists to protect them against the dangers of "Copyleft." Groups such as Creative Commons, Public Knowledge, and the Electronic Frontier Foundation are "mobilizing," ASCAP describes in a letter to its members, "to promote 'Copyleft' in order to undermine our 'Copyright.'" "[O]ur opponents are influencing Congress against the interests of music creators," ASCAP warns. Indeed, as the letter ominously predicts, this is ASCAP's "biggest challenge ever." (Historians of BMI might be a bit surprised about that claim in particular.)

Web 2.0 Update Web 2.0 Update Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Web 2.0 Update by Peter Fleck [email_address]
  • From the Wayback Machine... my company blog
  • Grandpa Page
  • Web 1.0 vs. Web 2.0 Tim O'Reilly
  • Critical Issues
      • Net Neutrality
      • News/Media
    •  
      • Government transparency
    •  
      • Copyright
  • Net Neutrality Issues
  • Original FCC neutrality principles (2005)
    • Consumers are entitled to  
      • access the lawful Internet content of their choice
      • run applications and use services of their choice, subject to the needs of law enforcement
      • connect their choice of legal devices that do not harm the network
    •  
      • competition among network providers, application and service providers, and content providers.
  • New FCC neutrality principles (2009)
    •  
      • A provider of broadband Internet access service must treat lawful content, applications, and services in a nondiscriminatory manner
      • A provider of broadband Internet access service must disclose such information concerning network management and other practices as is reasonably required for users and content, application, and service providers to enjoy the protections specified in this rulemaking
  •  
  • News/Media Issues
    • [It doesn't take much vision] to figure out that unlimited perfect copyability... global reach and... zero marginal cost, was slowly transforming the printing press into a latter-day steam engine.
    •  
    • This change has been more like seeing oncoming glaciers ten miles off, and then deciding not to move.
    • Clay Shirky
  • The people formerly known as the audience wish to say: You don’t own our eyeballs. You don’t own the press, which we divide into pro and amateur zones. You don’t control production on this new platform, which is no longer one-way. There’s a new balance of power between you and us.   Jay Rosen (paraphrased)
  • As much as I love a compelling story, I think good journalism can also be about organizing information in intelligent ways and giving people tools that let them help each other.   Adrian Holovaty
  • Government Transparency
    • Open Government
    •  
    • Open government is the governing doctrine which holds that the business of government and state administration should be opened at all levels to effective public scrutiny 
    • and oversight. 
  • Open Data
      • Open311
    •  
      • DC Data Catalog
    •  
      • data.gov
  • DC Data
  • DC Data
  • Copyright Issues
    • First federal copyright act, the Copyright Act of 1790  granted copyright for a term of "fourteen years from the time of recording the title thereof", with a right of renewal for another fourteen years if the author survived to the end of the first term.
    •  
    • Wikipedia
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright#Early_US_copyright_law
    • Today in the US, copyright extends to 95 years or life plus 70 years.
    • From 2003 to 2008, the recording industry has filed, settled, or threatened legal actions against at least 30,000 individuals.
    •  
    • RIAA v. The People: Five Years Later
    • http://www.eff.org/wp/riaa-v-people-years-later
  •  
  • Under Fire from Ascap
  • There are many who worry about the dehumanizing effect of technology. We share that worry, but also see the counter-trend, that communication binds us together, gives us shared context, and ultimately shared identity.   Tim O'Reilly & John Battelle
  • Contacting me
    • Peter Fleck
    • [email_address]
    • http://pfhyper.posterous.com
    • http://twitter.com/pfhyper
  • References
    • Anderson, Nate. FCC proposes network neutrality rules (and big exemptions)  
    • http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/10/fcc-proposes-network-neutrality-rules-and-big-exemptions.ars
    • Holovaty, Adrian. Quoted in: Are Hyperlocal News Sites Replacing Newspapers? by  Gary Moskowitz http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,2005729,00.html
    • O'Reilly, Tim. What Is Web 2.0 : Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software
    • http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html
    •  
    • Rosen, Jay. The People Formerly Known as the Audience http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2006/06/27/ppl_frmr.html
    •  
    • Shirky, Clay. The Newspaper Industry and the Arrival of the Glaciers . http://boingboing.net/2008/12/08/the-newspaper-indust.html
  • References
    • Wayback Machine.  
    • http://web.archive.org/web/19980630165957/http://www.pfhyper.com/
    • Extra Reads
    • O’Reilly, Tim & Battelle, John. Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On . http://www.web2summit.com/web2009/public/schedule/detail/10194
    •  
    • 8 principles of Open Government Data
    • http://public.resource.org/8_principles.html