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Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)
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Hacking MediaWiki (For Users)

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Slides from this video: http://blip.tv/file/1504861 …

Slides from this video: http://blip.tv/file/1504861

Talk given at the Linux Users of Victoria November 2008 meeting, about MediaWiki.

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  • 1. Hacking MediaWiki  (For Users) Brianna Laugher Linux Users of Victoria November 2008 meeting http://www.mediawiki.org/
  • 2. Who are we? ●  Me: 2005—now Wikimedia editor,    Wikimedia Commons administrator   ~ 2 years, frustrated wannabe hacker ●  You: Use MediaWiki outside of    Wikimedia, comfortable   with basic editing
  • 3. Outline ●  MediaWiki/Wikimedia ●  Wiki structure ●  Magic words, access levels ●  User JS/CSS – Gadgets ●  “Uselang” hack
  • 4. MediaWiki Open­source (GPL) wiki engine  software (uses LAMP) Wikimedia Name of a social movement;  also US charity  (Wikimedia  Foundation)
  • 5. Wiki structure ●  Subpages
  • 6. Subpages By default only in  talk, user pages Help:Subpages
  • 7. Wiki structure ●  Subpages ●  Links
  • 8. Links Special:MostLinked Special:WhatLinksHere Special:RecentChangesLinked Special:WantedPages Help:Links
  • 9. Wiki structure ●  Subpages ●  Links ●  Categories
  • 10. Categories Nine special pages for categories Help:Categories
  • 11. Wiki structure ●  Subpages ●  Links ●  Categories ●  Templates
  • 12. Templates Page transclusion: {{foo}} <noinclude>,  <includeonly>,   {{subst:foo}} Parameters Help:Templates
  • 13. Special:ExpandTemplates
  • 14. Special:ExpandTemplates
  • 15. Wiki structure ●  Subpages ●  Links ●  Categories ●  Templates ●  Namespaces
  • 16. Namespaces “Front” page + talk page ●  Main, Project, Help ●  Template ●  Category ●  Special* ●  Image, Media* ●  MediaWiki (* = psuedo namespace) Help:Namespaces
  • 17. Special pages Special:RecentChanges Special:SpecialPages Help:Special pages
  • 18. Images (uploaded files) Special:Upload Image namespace ­> File (soon!) [[Image:foo.jpg]] to embed [[:Image:foo.jpg]] to link to image page,                            not embed [[Media:foo.jpg]] to link to file directly
  • 19. MediaWiki namespace “System [interface] messages” Edit MediaWiki: pages to overrride defaults (sysops only) Search on Special:Allmessages to  find the right message/page Manual:System message
  • 20. Interesting pages MediaWiki:sidebar MediaWiki:welcomecreation MediaWiki:copyrightwarning, 2 MediaWiki:searchresulttext MediaWiki:uploadtext
  • 21. About the sidebar... Manual:Interface/Sidebar
  • 22. About the sidebar... Move search box to top for usability
  • 23. About the sidebar... Move search box to top for usability MediaWiki:Mainpage Main Page
  • 24. About the sidebar... Move search box to top for usability MediaWiki:Mainpage Main Page Delete defaults, Add your own links
  • 25. Look & feel MediaWiki:Common.css MediaWiki:Common.js Monobook skin: (same for others) MediaWiki:Monobook.css MediaWiki:Monobook.js
  • 26. Skins – roll your own Modify an existing one: User:Foo/monobook.css,js Your Name of skin. user Must start with page lowercase Myskin – empty to start with
  • 27. Magic words “Behaviour switches”: __NOTOC__,__TOC__ #REDIRECT [[Foo]] __HIDDENCAT__ (on category pages) Help:Magic words
  • 28. __HIDDENCAT__ Help:Magic words
  • 29. Variables Look like {{CAPS TEMPLATES}} Especially used in templates ­ context. ●  Time, revision related ●  Stats! {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} {{NUMBEROFEDITS}} {{NUMBEROFUSERS}} {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Foo}} Help:Magic words
  • 30. User access levels Special:ListGroupRights ●  “Anonymous”/IP editor ●  (registered) User ●  ­> Autoconfirmed! ●  Sysop (==”admin”) ●  Bureaucrat ●  Bot Manual:User rights
  • 31. Autoconfirmed? Time ­ $wgAutoConfirmAge Edit count ­ $wgAutoConfirmCount After passing both, User automatically graduates to Autoconfirmed (On Wikipedia thought to  be ~ 4 days)
  • 32. Semi/protection Manual:Administrators
  • 33. Semi/protection AND non- autoconfirmed users! Manual:Administrators
  • 34. JS/CSS Gadgets Massively simplify user JS/CSS sharing: no more copying user subpages MediaWiki:Gadgets­definition ­> New Preferences tab Extension:Gadgets
  • 35. MediaWiki:Gadgets­definition MediaWiki:Gadget-section-browsing-gadgets MediaWiki:Gadget-Navigation popups List of file names MediaWiki:Gadget-foo.js/css
  • 36. Special:Preferences ­> Gadgets
  • 37. Gadget rec: HotCat Instead of this: [[Category:Melbourne Cricket Ground]] Try this: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ MediaWiki:Gadget­HotCat.js
  • 38. Gadget rec: wikEd Make your edit box less scary: http://enwp.org/WP:WIKED
  • 39. “Uselang” hack (This is not really recommended...) Use it to make different versions of special pages,  eg upload form Uselang parameter overrides user language prefs Special:Upload?uselang=fr – I can see the  French version of the form without changing  my prefs http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ Commons:Redesigning_the_upload_form
  • 40. “Uselang” hack What if I make a link to  Special:Upload?uselang=blah ? For each message 'Foo', MW checks ●  MediaWiki:Foo/blah (localised message)  ●  MediaWiki:Foo (localised default wiki lang                                message) ●  MessagesBlah.php file (MW defaults) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ Commons:Redesigning_the_upload_form
  • 41. Support  http://mediawiki.org is half­decent now ● ● Still lots of info on http://meta.wikimedia.org/ ● IRC is popular: irc://irc.freenode.net/mediawiki ● MLs: mediawiki-l ● Forum: http://mwusers.com/ (unofficial)
  • 42. Thankyou! Questions? Brianna Laugher brianna@modernthings.org These slides are dual­licensed GFDL1.2+,  CC­BY­SA­3.0.  Screenshots are GFDL/GPL, WMF logo is all rights reserved,  MediaWiki logo is public domain.  http://brianna.modernthings.org/

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