AS Film StudiesAS Film StudiesContinuity andContinuity andDiscontinuity EditingDiscontinuity Editing
Continuity EditingContinuity Editing• Widely established editing style used throughWidely established editing style used throughearly Hollywood and much of todays filmearly Hollywood and much of todays film• This editing style tries toThis editing style tries to ‘hide’ cutting from the‘hide’ cutting from theaudience, so they immerse themselves in theaudience, so they immerse themselves in theworld of the film instead of looking at the editing.world of the film instead of looking at the editing.• This system enables the audience to quicklyThis system enables the audience to quicklyunderstand what was happening and avoidunderstand what was happening and avoidconfusion.confusion.• It developed into a set ofIt developed into a set of ‘continuity rules’‘continuity rules’designed to make storytelling clear.designed to make storytelling clear.
The RulesThe RulesThis is not a definitivelist, but it doesrepresent the keytechniques.1) The 180 ° Rule2) Shot/reverse-shot3) Eyeline match4) Match on action• Continuity editing is atechnique that relieson particular shotsbeing ordered (cut) ina familiar,conventionalsequence.• Audiences are sofamiliar with thesetechniques, that theybarely notice them.
The 180 Degree RuleThe 180 Degree Rulehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNOT9iHDSXU&feature=related
Shot/reverse-shotShot/reverse-shotThis shows characters reactions to another person orobject. It creates a relationship between the twocharacters in a shot.
Eyeline matchEyeline matchA character looks at an object or person and theaudience are shown a shot of what they are lookingat.
Match on actionMatch on actionIt is used mainly in action scenes to increase pace.If we show the characters movement beginning inshot 1, & then we can cut to shot 2, which shows thecontinuation of the movement
Discontinuity Editing:Discontinuity Editing:The Post-Modern Style?The Post-Modern Style?• The opposite of continuity editing it is notThe opposite of continuity editing it is notseamless.seamless.• It draws attention to itself.It draws attention to itself.• It often disrupts the audiences suspendedIt often disrupts the audiences suspendeddisbeliefdisbelief• It can be deliberately confusing and/or shocking,It can be deliberately confusing and/or shocking,playing with time and space.playing with time and space.