Satellite monitoring of oil spills at sea Beredskapskonferansen Tromsø, mai 2010 Jan Petter Pedersen, Vice President, KSAT...
Presentation content <ul><li>Principles for satellite radar detection of oil spills </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing the oper...
Satellite radar detection of oil at sea /   / 28 May 2010 <ul><li>One image every 1 to 4 days, depending on latitude </li>...
KSAT - Oil Spill Detection Service <ul><li>Operational service since 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radar satellites (primary)...
Coordinated surveillance, satellite and airplane observation /   / 28 May 2010 An integrated system combining available su...
Example Oil Spill Detection /   / 28 May 2010 Discharge from a Norwegian offshore oil rig Radarsat-1 SAR image (over left)...
Oil spill detected by KSAT, alert through EMSA,  Verified by Coastguard airplane /   / 28/05/10 ESA2009/processed by KSAT
Identification of polluting source Combining satellite images with AIS /   / 28 May 2010 Oil spill outside the Norwegian c...
The regular monitoring scenario <ul><li>Aim: Detect illegal discharges, identify and prosecute the polluting source </li><...
Oil Spill detection scenario © KONGSBERG  Example: True case outside Troms, October 2007
Feedback from the user - Confirmation © KONGSBERG  -----Original Message----- (forkortet tekst i forhold til original) Fro...
The emergency scenario <ul><li>Aim: Update the recognised situation picture </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical area defined by...
Emergency set-up: The Gulf of Mexico disaster  /   / 28 May 2010 Multimission SAR and optical satellite data provide recog...
Focus Northern Areas <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Governmental strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barents ...
Oil+Ship: Detection of oil in ice ? <ul><li>Radarsat 1 15.05.09 (above) </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmo-Skymed 16.05.09 (right) </...
WORLD CLASS – through people, technology and dedication www.ksat.no Kongsberg SvalSat station For further information:  ww...
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Ksat satellite monitoring of oil spills at sea

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Ksat satellite monitoring of oil spills at sea

  1. 1. Satellite monitoring of oil spills at sea Beredskapskonferansen Tromsø, mai 2010 Jan Petter Pedersen, Vice President, KSAT WORLD CLASS – through people, technology and dedication
  2. 2. Presentation content <ul><li>Principles for satellite radar detection of oil spills </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing the operational service chain </li></ul><ul><li>Operational scenarios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular monitoring service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concluding perspectives </li></ul>/ / 28 May 2010
  3. 3. Satellite radar detection of oil at sea / / 28 May 2010 <ul><li>One image every 1 to 4 days, depending on latitude </li></ul><ul><li>Wind speed detection window app 5-18 m/s </li></ul>Recent oil spill (80 km) Polar orbit Equatorial orbit
  4. 4. KSAT - Oil Spill Detection Service <ul><li>Operational service since 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radar satellites (primary) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical satellites (supplementary) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oil spill information delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available < 30-60 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone, e-mail, SMS, Web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oil spill report: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time, Location, …. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source – AIS when present </li></ul></ul><ul><li>KSAT responsibility ends at spill reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Development since early-90 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involving national users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National activity given inter-national positions </li></ul></ul>/ / 28 May 2010
  5. 5. Coordinated surveillance, satellite and airplane observation / / 28 May 2010 An integrated system combining available surveillance means represents the optimal and most cost efficient solution for environmental monitoring Satellite images may be used for planning of airplane activity
  6. 6. Example Oil Spill Detection / / 28 May 2010 Discharge from a Norwegian offshore oil rig Radarsat-1 SAR image (over left) Aerial photo, Coastal Directorate (over right) Aerial SLAR image, Coastal Directorate (right)
  7. 7. Oil spill detected by KSAT, alert through EMSA, Verified by Coastguard airplane / / 28/05/10 ESA2009/processed by KSAT
  8. 8. Identification of polluting source Combining satellite images with AIS / / 28 May 2010 Oil spill outside the Norwegian coast, ships in the area. Warning with excact position, size and confidence level is given. Combined with AIS, tracked back, one of the ship lanes closely corresponds with the potensial spill. The vessel can easily be identified, and authorities can decide on further action.
  9. 9. The regular monitoring scenario <ul><li>Aim: Detect illegal discharges, identify and prosecute the polluting source </li></ul><ul><li>Users define their coverage needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency of repetivity ( 70 deg N: 3-4 images per 2 days) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>KSAT initial respond to user requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide satellite data, primary sources – radar missions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage information to user, e.g. for aircraft planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assure additional information access (metocean, AIS, ..) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data acquisition, processing and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spill detection, source identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time requirements: 15, 30, 60 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct reporting (mail, phone) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Service web browser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary service information interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image and information database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning, analysis, detection information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow-up of satellite information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report verification (aircraft, other, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback to KSAT </li></ul></ul>/ / 28 May 2010
  10. 10. Oil Spill detection scenario © KONGSBERG Example: True case outside Troms, October 2007
  11. 11. Feedback from the user - Confirmation © KONGSBERG -----Original Message----- (forkortet tekst i forhold til original) From: Hjort-Larsen, Trond [ mailto:trond.hjort-larsen@kystverket.no ] On Behalf Of Vakt Sent: 16. oktober 2007 22:30 To: TEOS Operator Subject: SV: Ref. telefonsamtale mulig oljesøl - båtens posisjon På bakgrunn av satelittobservasjonen ble et fartøy i området kontaktet. De kunne ikke verifisere sølet. Et Orion-fly meldte om en oljestripe på nærmere 3 nautiske mil i lengde og 10-15 meter i bredde, ca 8-9 timer etter satellittbildet. Et skip – mest sannsynlig fartøyet dere koblet sammen med AIS-info, har sluppet ut olje. Med bakgrunn i at vi hadde få tilgjengelige fartøyressurser i området prioriterte vi ikke denne gang å få tatt prøver av sølet. Men vi jobber med å bedre mulighetene for prøvetaking, og er fortsatt meget interessert i å stoppe denne type ulovlig forurensning. Mvh Trond Hjort-Larsen Kystverket, beredskapsavdelingen - stasjon Tromsø
  12. 12. The emergency scenario <ul><li>Aim: Update the recognised situation picture </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical area defined by emergency case </li></ul><ul><li>User needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum satellite coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single service provider interface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>KSAT initial respond to user requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide satellite data access – all available missions (radar, optical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage information to user, e.g. for resource planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assure additional information access (metocean, AIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data acquisition, processing and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spill detection, source identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time requirements (Quasi)Real-time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information dissemination: Direct reporting (mail, phone) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service web browser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary service information interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image database for post-analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning, analysis, detection information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User responsibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement satellite information into operations </li></ul></ul>/ / 28 May 2010 May 2008 Upper: + 4 h Lower: + 35 h
  13. 13. Emergency set-up: The Gulf of Mexico disaster / / 28 May 2010 Multimission SAR and optical satellite data provide recognised situation picture: Envisat, Radarsat, TerraSAR Envisat/MERIS, DigitalGlobe Copyright raw data ESA, CSA/MDA, InfoTerra, DigitalGlobe Data processing/analysis KSAT
  14. 14. Focus Northern Areas <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Governmental strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barents 2020 program proposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area management/administration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fisheries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offshore oil & gas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environment & climate </li></ul><ul><li> Potential conflicting interests </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite + traditional technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping & monitoring independent of light & weather conidtions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exists operational services; environment & security purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exists operational user involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Initiative ”Barents Sea on Screen” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated data & monitoring system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellite + other information </li></ul></ul>/ / 28 May 2010 September 2007 Nordvest passasjen åpen (orange line) Nordøst passasjen delvis åpen (blue line).
  15. 15. Oil+Ship: Detection of oil in ice ? <ul><li>Radarsat 1 15.05.09 (above) </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmo-Skymed 16.05.09 (right) </li></ul><ul><li> Oil released – but not visible </li></ul>K/V Svalbard R/V Lance K/V Svalbard R/V Lance
  16. 16. WORLD CLASS – through people, technology and dedication www.ksat.no Kongsberg SvalSat station For further information: www.ksat.no [email_address]

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