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Twitter As Newssource

Twitter As Newssource






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    Twitter As Newssource Twitter As Newssource Presentation Transcript

    • Twitter as News Source at the crash of Turkish Airlines TK1951 on Schiphol Airport Febr. 25, 2009 Peter Verweij Hogeschool Utrecht, School voor Journalistiek
    • Hypotheses
      • Twitter works best in situations where the story is changing so fast that the mainstream media can’t assembly all the facts at once ( Paul Farhi, Washington Post)
      • Twitter works for journalists as an awareness system (Alfred Hermida, University British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada)
      • Ambient Journalism: The value does not lie in each individual fragment of news and information, but rather in the mental portrait created by a number of messages over a period of time. (Alfred Hermida)
    • Cases and Data
      • Schiphol crash of Turkish airlines op Febr. 25, 2009 (N=294)
      • American Airlines crashes on runway of Kingston airport(Jamaica) on Dec. 22, 2009 (N=1373)
      • Ryanair crashes on runway of Prestwick (Scotland) on Dec. 23, 2009 (N=300)
    • Variables
      • Type of tweet: RT, @ , T
      • Source: Privat person or journalist
      • Content:
          • Message containing facts or news;
          • Referring to source, report, map;
          • Referring to media;
          • Comment;
      • Time
      • Nationality (only Schiphol)
    • Results Schiphol
      • Dutch affair: more than half of the analyzed tweets were from Dutch origin(55%)
      • Majority from private persons (86%)
      • Content: News and Comment share a first position(both 40%)
      • Journalists(62%) tweet more often news than private persons(35%); the opposite in the case of comment(16% versus 44%)
    • Results: Schiphol 2
      • Timeline: first the news followed by reference to source and comment
      • Within 3 hours more than half of the tweets are sent and half of them is news(50%)
    • Results Schiphol 3
      • Nipp: “Airplane crash @ Schiphol Airport Amsterdam!! This is the first tweet.
      • Citizen reporters are called on their mobile by the mainstream media as traditional sources: eye witness.
      • As long as there are no official responses, Twitter is the only source for the mainstream media.
    • Results 4 Ryanair and American Airlines
      • There are no eye witnesses: no citizen reporting
      • Ryanair: 51% of the tweets is referring to a source or a medium; Schiphol 21%
      • Ryanair: 41% RT; Schiphol 11%
      • American Airlines: 41% is referring to a source or medium;
      • American Airlines: 28% RT
    • Resultaten 5 Ryanair en American Airlines
      • Ryanair: 3 uur na de ramp 2/3 van de tweets, maar slecht 40% zijn nieuws tweets (Schiphol 50%)
    • Results 6 Ryanair and American Airlines
      • American Airlines: 3 uur after the crash 32% of the tweets have been sent, but only 33% are news tweets.(Schiphol 50%)
          • PS: time difference with Florida US
    • Discussion 1 Hypothesis 1 and 2
      • Live tweets by citizen reporters are vital for the development of the news stream.
      • In the case of live tweets, Twitter works as an ‘alert system’ and is a source for following and for the development of the news.
    • Discussion 2 Hypothesis 3 Ambient Journalism: Wisdom of the Crowds
      • In all the three cases analyzed no filtering could be discovered in the total collection of tweets. No growing consensus about for example, fires, casualties or the cause of the crash.
      • However the Schiphol crash was also covered with CoveritLive by three newspapers(Trouw, de Volkskrant, De Pers)
      • On Coveritlive one sees a developing consensus.
      • Coveritlive is a central point and the journalist plays the role of moderator.