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Jay Rosen, What's Different about the Web. New York University; pressthink.org expertday pdf

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    Jay Rosen, What's Different about the Web. New York University; pressthink.org expertday pdf Jay Rosen, What's Different about the Web. New York University; pressthink.org expertday pdf Presentation Transcript

    • Jay Rosen, pressthink.org andNew York University:Whats Different (ReallyDifferent) about the Webjr3@nyu.eduTwitter: @jayrosen_nyu
    • The practice vs. the pipes:The pipes are the underlyingmedia system on which thepractice of journalism “runs.”
    • Arthur Sulzberger, Jr.Publisher of the New YorkTimes: “We long have had themantra that we must beplatform agnostic….”
    • Between the pipes andjournalistic practice we find…* Institutions: De Telegraaf,NOS, the New York Times.* Professional ties: peerculture, trade unions* People with power,reputation, track records
    • Communication under a broadcasting system is…One wayCentralizedControlledSmart network, "dumb" terminalsOne-to-manyStrongly vertical, weakly horizontalAudience is atomized: disconnected from each otherChannels are scarce, attention is abundant
    • But communication on the web is…Two wayDecentralizedDecontrolledFew-to-few, one to few, one-to-one and one-to-manyStrongly horizontal and verticalAudience atomization is being overcome; falling costs to connectDumb (or minimal) network, smart terminalsAttention is scarce and channels abundant
    • Broadcasting vs. The Web 1• One way• Centralized• Controlled• Smart network,“dumb” terminals• One-to-many• Two Way• Decentralized• Decontrolled• “Dumb” network,smart terminals• Few-to-few, one-to-few, one-to-one andone-to-many
    • Broadcasting vs. The Web: 2• Strongly vertical,weakly horizontal• Atomized audience:connected up,disconnected fromeach other• Channels arescarce, attentionabundant• Strongly horizontaland vertical• Audienceatomizationovercome: fallingcosts to connect• Attention is scarce,channels (sites) areabundant
    • Principles of a new practice: 1There is no single economicmodel to replace the one thatthe Internet broke (via ClayShirky)
    • Principles of a new practice: 2The gods of the productionroutine have fallen. The newgods are the usersthemselves.
    • Principles of a new practice: 3Under conditions ofabundance, do what you dobest and link to the rest (viaJeff Jarvis)
    • Principles of a new practice: 4"Theres no such thing asinformation overload, theresonly filter failure.” (Clay Shirky,again)
    • Principles of a new practice: 5Professional authority hasntdisappeared fromjournalism… but it haschanged form.
    • Principles of a new practice: 6The news professions havebeen optimized for lowparticipation. Seeking change,Alan Rusbridger calls for the"mutualisation of journalism."
    • Principles of a new practice: 7Anyone can doesnt meaneveryone will.And everywhere on the webthe one percent rule applies.
    • Alexis DeTocqueville, 1835"Newspapers makeassociations and associationsmake newspapers.... Thenumber of newspapersincreases in proportion to thatof associations."
    • Jay Rosen, pressthink.org andNew York University:Whats Different (ReallyDifferent) about the Webjr3@nyu.eduTwitter: @jayrosen_nyu