Based on reading ability as well as background knowledge
Five Finger Rule
Have your child read the first page with a decent amount of text.
Put up a finger for each unknown or hard word.
0-1 fingers = too easy
2-3 fingers = just right
4-5 fingers = too hard
Notice the text features
Table of contents
Before, during, and after reading
Students may find answers to the questions as they continue reading.
Notes are not complete sentences
They are in students’ own words
They contain only the important or interesting points
Use them to retell
Pause to think…don’t rush
Good readers reread when they don’t understand
Choose another book
Reading more than one book on a topic increases nonfiction reading skills.
Block, Cathy, and Michael Pressley. “Best Practices in Teaching Comprehension.” Best Practices in Literacy Instruction . Ed. Linda B. Gambrell, Lesley Mandel Morrow and Michael Pressley. New York: Guilford, 2007. 220.