American Imperialism


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American Imperialism

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  • American Imperialism

    1. 1. Imperialism in the Americas Rachel Seo and Peter Park Block G
    2. 2. The Story of Imperialism Through a a Cuban Laborer’s Perspective and a U.S. Senator’s Perspective
    3. 3. Spanish Rule in Cuba 1492-1902: Cuba under Spanish rule Natives were forced to work hard long hours on sugar fields, mines, etc. Those who refused to work were taken Cuban Miners to concentration camps very low living conditions for the working class 1868-1878: first attempted war of independence, failed Spanish Concentration Camps
    4. 4. Pressures In the US To Expand into Latin America Desire for new room to grow access to world markets protected by a worldwide navy establishing the imperial power of the U.S. Racism Social Darwinism A desire to enlighten and Christianize the indigenous peoples Latin America would provide a strategic commercial, military, and political outpost for the United States.
    5. 5. José Marti And the War of Independence 1895: José Marti, a Cuban writer exiled by the Spanish, returned after 20 years and started a second war of independence. José was killed near the beginning of the war, but the Cubans fought on for their independence José Marti
    6. 6. More Pressures and Yellow Journalism So-called “yellow journalists” triggered war between the U.S. and Spain justification atrocities in Cuba caused by Spanish colonizers U.S. navy ship Maine exploded, supposedly by the Spanish supposed underlying motive war -> more newspapers -> more profits Political Cartoon Satirizing Yellow Journalism
    7. 7. Yellow Journalists used the explosion of the Maine as justification for the Spanish-American War.
    8. 8. The Spanish-American War (Cuba, America) 1898: The Cuban Independence War escalated into the Spanish- American War after U.S. intervention. The US attacked the Spanish from two fronts: the Philippines and Latin America. Spanish-American War Destruction ensued in Cuba.
    9. 9. FREEDOM! (Cuba) Alliance between U.S. and Cuba The U.S. defeated the Spanish by the August of 1898, only after four months. The Cubans gained independence in 1901 not annexed by the U.S. due to the Teller Amendment, which was passed to reduce the fears of the Spanish- American War becoming an imperialist land grab
    10. 10. End of the Spanish- American War: U.S. Benefits The loss of the Spanish against the U.S. symbolizes: U.S. emergence as a major world power decline of the Spanish Empire Spain conceded Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam to the U.S. -> economic U.S. empire in the Pacific Teller Amendment: granted Cuba independence (in U.S. Economic Empire in name) Latin America
    11. 11. The Consequences (Cuba) Cuba was only independent in name, not in practice. The US had huge political and economic influence on Cuba. Cuban Miners (Before) Most of the poor laborers remained in a vicious cycle of poverty. Working class still remained destitute Limited social and economic development, political instability Cuban Miners (After)
    12. 12. Imperialism Begins (U.S.) U.S. attempted to buy the Isthmus of Panama from Columbia, who had colonized there, but Columbia demanded more money 1903: U.S. triggered and helped an independence war in Panama against Columbia In return, Panama gave the U.S. some land to build the Panama Canal, which connected the Pacific and the Atlantic Completed in 1914: Gave the U.S. better control of its Pacific empire Spain had conceded after the Spanish-American Panama Canal War
    13. 13. Imperialism Begins (U.S.) Monroe Doctrine: exhibited U.S. disapproval of European colonization of other lands, 1823 Roosevelt Corollary: a corollary of the Monroe Doctrine, gave the U.S. the right to act as an international police force in the Western Hemisphere, 1904 justified U.S. economic imperialism and political Cartoon Depicting the Impact of intervention in Latin America the Roosevelt Corollary
    14. 14. Works Cited Abdul, Paula. Cuban Miners. Digital image. Society. Altius Directory, 27 May 2008. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. < uploaded_images/Coal-Miners-Day-756006.jpg>. "American Imperialism (Overview)." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 10 Feb. 2010. <>. Beck, Roger B. Modern World History Patterns of Interaction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2002. Print. Boron, Atilio. The Militarization of Latin America. Digital image. NWO Observer. Global Research, 29 Aug. 2009. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://>. Concentration camp victims in Cuba. Digital image. Spanish American War Info. Web. 10 Feb. 2010. <>. Cuban War of Independence. Digital image. Wikipedia. 28 Jan. 2010. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <>.
    15. 15. Duffy, Emily. Yellow Journalism. Digital image. Political Artwork. Blogspot, 11 May 2008. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. < _MlhIi_lkeGw/SCcjKrB_NjI/AAAAAAAAAvM/nXqN-wK7REg/s400/yellow.journalism.jpg>. Johantheghost. Panama Canal Rough Diagram. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 23 Nov. 2005. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://>. José Martí. Digital image. Latin American Studies. 15 Dec. 1997. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <>. New York Journal Front page. Digital image. U.S. Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism. U.S. Department of State. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://>. Rogovin, Milton. Miners, Cuba. Digital image. (Notes on) Politics, Theory & Photography. Blogspot, 1989. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://>. Spanish-Cuban-American War. Digital image. Latin American Studies. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <>. War of independence. Digital image. SOL Pass. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <>.