Holy Propaganda Batman!


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An interactive DBQ by Karina Ramirez Velazquez explores World War II through the lens of comic book covers.

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Holy Propaganda Batman!

  1. 1. Understanding World War II through the lens of comic book covers. By Karina Ramirez Velazquez HOLY PROPAGANDA BATMAN! 1
  2. 2. Welcome Historians! This book will help us understand World War II through the lens of comic book covers. I will give a brief introduction on the start of the Golden Age of comic books, and after an introduction of the start of the World War II (1939) and how that influence comic books. The essential question for this book is: What can early comic book covers tell us about World War II? The target audience for this book is ninth grade high schoolers. The historical skills that will be studied are sourcing, contextualization, corroborating, and close reading. The final project will be creating your own comic book cover or meme against or for the U.S. involvement during WWII. As well as writing a reflection of 1-2 pages. This introductory page will also give you an idea of how to interact with this book. Introduction Did You Know? INTERACTIVE 1.1 Click the “Did You know?” Tab Meet the Author: Karina Ramirez Velazquez is the daughter of immigrant parents from Michocan and Morelia, Mexico. Scroll up or down the image Click the icons!
  3. 3. Comic Book History The Golden Age of Comic Books is a term to describe an era of American comic books from the late 1930's, when comic books where beginning to boom, to the early 1950's. This was the time that modern comics were first published and their popularity increased. Many well known characters where introduced, such as Superman, Batman, Captain America, Wonder Woman, and Captain Marvel. Most would say that the Success of Superman in 1938 launched the Golden Age of comic books. Superman was the first heroic of the Golden Age comic that perpetuated the launch of the superhero archetype. Characteristics or qualities of a hero or heroine are brave, courageous, valiant, superhuman, bold, fearless, daring, or noble. This also introduced the audience to the villain archetype. Characters like the Joker, Lex Luther, Doctor Octopus, Thanos, Red Skull, and more. Good vs. Evil was given a modern twist through the Golden Age of Comic Books. Most importantly, the Golden Age cemented comics as a mainstream art form that created a new identity in American culture. Batman was first introduced in Detective Comics No. 27 of May 1939. Batman’s popularity did not end at the Golden Age Era. He is now an American cultural icon. GALLERY 1.1 Detective Comics No. 27. May, 1939 REVIEW 1.1 Pow! Pop Quiz Time! Check Answer Batman’s true identity is? A. Steve Rogers B. Bruce Wayne C. Peter Pappas D. Clark Kent
  4. 4. Continued ... During the boom of the Golden Age of Comics books the start of World War II was in motion. Between 1939 and 1941 Detective Comics and All-American Publications began to portray their iconic heroes in red, white, and blue. You can see in many of the covers superheroes battling the Axis powers. Comic book sales increased during World War II. Because comic book were cheap, portable, and created a venue of inspiration these lead to authors to create patriotic stories of good triumphing over evil. This is reflected in comic book covers of Captain America dressed in stars and stripes battling Adolf Hitler on his first issue. Superheroes were depicted doing things to help war effort as well. Readers would see them do things like deliver supplies, stop spies at home, and do what they could to help to help at home. Several writers of books were part of the Office of War Information and the War Writer’s Board. The purpose of those organizations were interested in give accurate information about what was happening overseas. After the end of World War II, the superhero genre lost momentum, which many consider that being the end of the Golden Age Era. Boeing B-17 radar bombing through clouds: Bremen, Germany November 13, 1943. GALLERY 1.2 World War II Photos and Comic Book Covers
  5. 5. Captain Aero Comics Captain Aero Comics was a war comic of the Golden Age Comic Book, appearing in 1941. GALLERY 1.3 Read through Captain Aero Comic Executive Order 9066: “Whereas the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national-defense material, national-defense premises, and national-defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. 533, as amended by the Act of November 30, 1940, 54 Stat. 1220, and the Act of August 21, 1941, 55 Stat. 655 (U.S.C., Title 50, Sec. 104); Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time designate, whenever he or any designated Commander deems such action necessary or desirable, to prescribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or all persons
  6. 6. INTERACTIVE 1.2 PIONEERS OF TELEVISION | George Takei's life in an internment camp | PBS Watch George Takei’s interview. War at Home Action Comics Vol. 1 No. 58 March, 1943. GALLERY 1.4 World War II Comic Book Covers On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor. This attack led to direct American involvement into World War II. The following day the United States declared war on Japan. During World War II, the United States detained over 110,000 Japanese Americans and relocated them in internment camps. This act is considered to be the largest violations of civil liberties in the nation.
  7. 7. Final Project Instructions: Individually or in a group you must either create your own comic book cover or a meme supporting or against U.S. involvement in World War II. Each student must write a 1 to 2 page essay on your reflection of how did early comic book covers tell you about World War II. Can youth culture like comic books or media effect our understanding of an event or perceptions of people? Do you see that happening today? Why or why not? And what was your biggest take away from this unit? Sensation Comic Vol. 1 No. 13 January, 1943 GALLERY 1.5 Examples of a Comic and Meme
  8. 8. Reflection Overall I really enjoyed and found value in creating a document based lesson. This semester I’ve been reading, Lies My Teacher Told Me, by James W. Loewen and a quote that really stood out to me was, “What would we think of a course in poetry in which students never read a poem? (pg. 7).” I kept thinking about this quote throughout this project because that’s how high school social studies have been teaching history to students, poetry without poems! I feel document based lessons is an alternative that fixes that problem. It gives students a chance to work with primary resources and challenges them to be the historians in the process. The challenge for me was which primary resources did I wanted to use, and what questions did I want my students to answer. I am glad I got to use a topic that I am super passionate about and be able to use it as my document based lesson project. My plan is to use this next year with my students at OPEN School. What I gained most from this project was the skills of using google and the book author program. I am already thinking of creating another document based lesson on a different subject just so I can continue to grow my skills in using this program to be a better teacher. My only feed back I would give about this project is that it’s a bit difficult for people that may not have a mac device on hand. Comic book heroes like Wonder Woman are still influencing American pop culture today. Many comic book heroes from the past are being converted into live action films to still represent hope for the future. GALLERY 1.6 Sensation Comics Vol. 1 No. 1
  9. 9. Works Cited http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2002719307/ - Cover Wonder Woman https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_Comics_1 - Action Comics No. 1 Superman http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/Detective_Comics_Vol_1_27 - Detective Comics No. 27 Batman https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain_America - Captain America March No. 1 http://digitalcomicmuseum.com/index.php?dlid=14515 - Captain Aero Comic https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:B-17F_Radar_Bombing_over_Germany_1943.jpg -Boeing B photo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Normandy - Landing supplies at Normandy photo and German infantrymen https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2016/sep/01/leipzig-flat-poignant-memorial-clean- beautiful-death-robert-capa-second-world-war - American soldier killed at Leipzig https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain_America - Captain America punching Hitler in Captain America March No. 1 http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/Action_Comics_Vol_1_63 -Superman fighting a Japanese soldier http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/Batman_Vol_1_15 - Batman and Robin with a Machine Gun 
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9066#Transcript_of_Executive_Order_9066U - Transcript of Executive Order 9066 http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/Action_Comics_Vol_1_58 - Superman Propaganda against the Japanese http://marvel.wikia.com/wiki/Captain_America_Comics_Vol_1_22 - Captain America punching Japanese soldiers http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/World's_Finest_Vol_1_8 - World’s Finest Comics http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/Sensation_Comics_Vol_1_13 - Wonder Woman Sensation Comic https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonder_Woman_(2017_film) - Wonder Woman Teaser Poster
  10. 10. Exploring History Vol IV University of Portland Students
 Peter Pappas, Editor
  11. 11. This eBook is a collaborative project of Peter Pappas 
 and his Fall 2016 Social Studies Methods Class 
 School of Education ~ University of Portland, Portland Ore. Graduate and undergraduate level pre-service teachers were assigned the task of developing an engaging research question, researching supportive documents and curating them into a DBQ suitable for middle or high school students. For more on this class, visit the course blog EdMethods 
 For more on this book project and work flow tap here.
 Chapters in chronological order 1. Mysterious Bronze Age Collapse by Sam Hicks 2. From Revolution to Government by Valerie Schiller 3. Imagination, Innovation & Space Exploration by Molly Pettit 4. The Real Romanovs by Kelly Marx 5. World War I: The Human Cost of Total War by Anna Harrington 6. Collectivization and Propaganda in Stalin’s Soviet Union by Clarice Terry 7. Holy Propaganda Batman! by Karina Ramirez Velazquez 8. The Nicaraguan Literacy Crusade by Scott Hearron EXPLORING HISTORY: VOL IV i Engaging questions and historic documents empower students to be the historian in the classroom.
  12. 12. Peter Pappas, editor 
 School of Education ~ University of Portland His popular blog, Copy/Paste features downloads of his instructional resources, projects and publications. Follow him at Twitter @edteck. His other multi-touch eBooks are available at here. © Peter Pappas and his students, 2016 The authors take copyright infringement seriously. If any copyright holder has been inadvertently or unintentionally overlooked, the publisher will be pleased to remove the said material from this book at the very first opportunity. ii Cover design by Anna Harrington Cover image: Timeless Books
 By Lin Kristensen from New Jersey, USA 
 [CC BY 2.] 
 via Wikimedia Commons