Food situation & agriculture in kenya


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Food situation & agriculture in kenya

  1. 1. FOOD SITUATION &AGRICULTURE IN KENYAAgriculture, still the mainstay of the Kenyan Economy
  2. 2. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY  Agriculture is Kenya’s economic backbone  It contributes 26% directly and 25% indirectly to the national GDP  Around 1 million hectares are under irrigation and the strategy under vision 2030 is to transform from subsistence farming to a profitable business  The four major subsectors: tea, coffee, sugarcane & cotton
  3. 3. FOOD TRADE AND SECURITY 1 billion people are hungry in the world 75% of the world’s poor live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Today deaths related to hunger outnumber war deaths by 5 to1. Recent increases in food prices may push another 100 million people below the poverty line.
  4. 4. WHO SUFFERS MOST FROM HUNGER? Hunger is most pronounced in the rural areas of Africa and Asia Especially in regions prone to drought: the Horn of Africa and Somalia Changes in the global food markets affect global hunger and poverty
  5. 5. FACTORS CAUSING FOOD INSECURITY Local Factors:  Poverty, which reduces purchasing power  Land and Gender; insecure tenure is the reality of the majority of poor farmers  Women produce up to 80% of the food despite owning only 20% of the land. Discrimination limits access to credit, advisory support, local economic decision making  Conflict  Environmental degradation  Supply vs Demand
  6. 6. OTHER FACTORSInternational Factors: World food prices World trade rules Bio fuels: 40% of Americas corn goes to make ethanol, enough to feed $400 million hungry people Climate change: higher temperatures shorten growing seasons. Temperatures in Africa are expected to rise faster than global ones. Political neglect; governments intervention in food production and marketing was limited until recently. Only 8 govts have achieved the Maputo goal of 10%.
  7. 7. GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS  GM crops are exposed to foreign genes to stimulate growth and enhance quality.  Proponents of GM crops say: they store better, have better nutritional quality, tolerate herbicides, lack of water, extremes of temperature.  The risks to GM crops include: health risks to humans, danger to the environment.
  8. 8. SOLUTIONS Responsive food policy and incentives for farming Research and policy advocacy on new approaches to solving hunger and climate change challenges Educating rural farmers on food crops International advocacy and fundraising
  9. 9. Amb. Dr. Josephine Ojiambo DPR Kenya Mission jojiambo@kenyaun.orgThank You:Scarsdale High school &Participating StudentsRashid Silvera