slides available at ctd.ucsd.edu/2012/10/writing-clicker-                                                     questions/CR...
Typical Peer Instruction    Episode poses a conceptually-challenging    1. Instructor        multiple-choice question.    ...
In effective peer instruction     students teach each other immediately,                                             stud...
Effective peer instruction    requires key    1. identifying       concepts, misconceptions                  before       ...
What makes a good clicker    question?    clarity        Students should waste no effort trying to                   figur...
Clicker question (History)    In your opinion, which had the most positive impact on    the modern world?     A)    coffee...
Clicker question (intro    Astronomy)reasons for the seasons?    Which of these are     i. the height of the Sun in the sk...
Clicker question (intro    Astronomy)are reasons for the seasons?    How many of these      the height of the Sun in the ...
Clicker question (Calculus)    Evaluate:                          4                                               2       ...
Clicker question (Calculus)     Which of the following is an incorrect step when using     the substitution method to eval...
11          Types of questions          and when to ask them Creating good clicker questions
Clickers help students learn...       the                 learning                               cycle        BEFORE      ...
Clickers help students learn...       the                 learning                               cycle        BEFORE      ...
Clickers help students learn...       the                 learning                               cycle        BEFORE      ...
Clickers help students learn...       the                 learning                               cycle        BEFORE      ...
Clickers help teachers teach...        BEFORE                          DURING                           AFTER       settin...
Clickers help teachers teach...     Are they ready for the next topic?     What do they already know?     Do they care abo...
Clickers help teachers teach...                       Where are they in the activity?                                 Are ...
Clickers help teachers teach...                                                                     Did they get it?      ...
predict     Clicker question     A ball is rolling around              C     the inside of a circular          B       D  ...
What do you think is most                              discover     interesting about this picture?                       ...
real-world application     Clicker question                                    predict     An ice cube is floating in a gl...
probe     Clicker question                           misconception     If this is the phase of the Moon when it     rises:...
exercise skill     Clicker question     Susan throws a ball straight up into the air. It goes up     and then falls back i...
Which one is the closest match to your graph? exercise skillvelocity                                   velocity       A   ...
analysis     Clicker question     John is walking to school. This graph shows his position     as a function of time. When...
evaluation     Clicker question     Which of the following is an incorrect step when using     the substitution method to ...
check knowledge     Clicker question     For the data set displayed in the following     histogram, which would be larger,...
“big picture”     Clicker question     In your opinion, which had the most positive impact on     the modern world?      A...
exit poll     Clicker question     Would you like to learn more about MOOCs next class?      A) yes      B) no            ...
Clicker question (at driving     school)     Learning outcome: [after this lesson, you will be able     to] change lanes f...
Resources     www.cwsei.ubc.ca/resources/clickers.htm      links to collections of peer instruction questions     ctd.uc...
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Creating clicker questions

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Effective peer instruction requires good "choreography" and a good question. This workshop is part of our UCSD CTD Weekly Workshop series

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Creating clicker questions

  1. 1. slides available at ctd.ucsd.edu/2012/10/writing-clicker- questions/CREATING GOOD CLICKERQUESTIONS Peter Newbury Center for Teaching Development University of California, San Diego pnewbury@ucsd.edu @polarisdotca #ctducsd Cynthia Heiner Department of Physics Free University of Berlin, Germany cynthia.heiner@fu-berlin.de Teaching and Learning Weekly Workshop, November 8, 2012
  2. 2. Typical Peer Instruction Episode poses a conceptually-challenging 1. Instructor multiple-choice question. 2. Students think about question on their own. 3. Students vote for an answer using clickers, coloured cards, ABCD voting cards,... 4. The instructor reacts, based on the distribution of votes.2 Creating good clicker questions
  3. 3. In effective peer instruction  students teach each other immediately, students learn while they may still hold or remember and practice their novice misconceptions how to  students discuss the concepts in theirthink, commu own language nicate like experts  the instructor finds out what the students know (and don’t know) and reacts3 Creating good clicker questions
  4. 4. Effective peer instruction requires key 1. identifying concepts, misconceptions before class 2. creating multiple-choice questions that require deeper thinking and learning 3. facilitating peer instruction episodes during that spark student discussion class 4. resolving the misconceptions4 Creating good clicker questions
  5. 5. What makes a good clicker question? clarity Students should waste no effort trying to figure out what’s being asked. context Is this topic currently being covered in class? connection to Does the question make students do the learning goals right thing to demonstrate they grasp the concept. distractors What do the “wrong” answers tell you about students’ thinking? difficulty Is the question too trivial? too hard? stimulates Will the question engage the students and thoughtful spark thoughtful discussions? discussion Is there potential for you to be “agile”? (Adapted from Chasteen, CU Boulder)5 Creating good clicker questions
  6. 6. Clicker question (History) In your opinion, which had the most positive impact on the modern world? A) coffee B) tea C) chocolate D) spice E) sugarclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion6 Creating good clicker questions
  7. 7. Clicker question (intro Astronomy)reasons for the seasons? Which of these are i. the height of the Sun in the sky during the day ii. Earth’s distance from the Sun iii. how many hours the Sun is up each day A) ii only B) iii only C) i and ii D) i and iii E) i, ii and iiiclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion7 Creating good clicker questions
  8. 8. Clicker question (intro Astronomy)are reasons for the seasons? How many of these  the height of the Sun in the sky during the day  Earth’s distance from the Sun  how many hours the Sun is up each day A) none of them B) one C) two D) all threeclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion8 Creating good clicker questions
  9. 9. Clicker question (Calculus) Evaluate: 4 2 3 x 1 x dx 0 3 2 2 A) 16 ( 65 ) C. ( 65 3 2 1) 9 1022 B) 16 D. 9 3 (adapted from Bruff)clarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion9 Creating good clicker questions
  10. 10. Clicker question (Calculus) Which of the following is an incorrect step when using the substitution method to evaluate the definite integral 4 2 3 x 1 x dx 0 3 1 4 A) u 1 x C. u du 3 0 du 2 B) x dx D. none of the above (Bruff) 3clarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion10 Creating good clicker questions
  11. 11. 11 Types of questions and when to ask them Creating good clicker questions
  12. 12. Clickers help students learn... the learning cycle BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen12 Creating good clicker questions
  13. 13. Clickers help students learn... the learning cycle BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen13 Creating good clicker questions
  14. 14. Clickers help students learn... the learning cycle BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen14 Creating good clicker questions
  15. 15. Clickers help students learn... the learning cycle BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen15 Creating good clicker questions
  16. 16. Clickers help teachers teach... BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen16 Creating good clicker questions
  17. 17. Clickers help teachers teach... Are they ready for the next topic? What do they already know? Do they care about this? What DO they care about, anyway? BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen17 Creating good clicker questions
  18. 18. Clickers help teachers teach... Where are they in the activity? Are they getting it? Do I need to intervene? Did they notice key idea X? BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen18 Creating good clicker questions
  19. 19. Clickers help teachers teach... Did they get it? Can I move to the next topic? Did that activity work? How did I do? BEFORE DURING AFTER setting up developing assessing instruction knowledge learning Adapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen19 Creating good clicker questions
  20. 20. predict Clicker question A ball is rolling around C the inside of a circular B D track. The ball A E leaves the track at point P. P Which path does the ball follow? (Mazur)20 Creating good clicker questions
  21. 21. What do you think is most discover interesting about this picture? A) lunar eclipse B) solar eclipse C) cloud blocking the Sun D) sunspots E) otherAstronomy Picture of the Day 2011 January 5 (Newbury, Richer)21 Creating good clicker questions
  22. 22. real-world application Clicker question predict An ice cube is floating in a glass of water that is filled entirely to the brim. As the ice cube melts, the water level will A) stay the same, remain at the brim. B) rise, causing the water to spill. C) fall to a level below the brim. D) cannot say without knowing the density of ice.22 Creating good clicker questions
  23. 23. probe Clicker question misconception If this is the phase of the Moon when it rises: what is the phase of the Moon 12 C A B hours later? D E (Prather)23 Creating good clicker questions
  24. 24. exercise skill Clicker question Susan throws a ball straight up into the air. It goes up and then falls back into her hand 2 seconds later. Draw a graph showing the velocity of the ball from the moment it leaves her hand until she catches it again. velocity time 0 2 sec (CWSEI UBC)24 Creating good clicker questions
  25. 25. Which one is the closest match to your graph? exercise skillvelocity velocity A B time time 0 2 sec 0 2 secvelocity velocity C D time time 0 2 sec 0 2 sec E) some other graph (CWSEI UBC)25 Creating good clicker questions
  26. 26. analysis Clicker question John is walking to school. This graph shows his position as a function of time. When is John moving with the greatest velocity? position time A B C D E (CWSEI UBC)26 Creating good clicker questions
  27. 27. evaluation Clicker question Which of the following is an incorrect step when using the substitution method to evaluate the definite integral 4 2 3 x 1 x dx 0 3 1 4 A) u 1 x C. u du 3 0 du 2 B) x dx D. none of the above 3 (Bruff)27 Creating good clicker questions
  28. 28. check knowledge Clicker question For the data set displayed in the following histogram, which would be larger, the mean or the median? A) mean B) median C) can’t tell from the given histogram (Peck, mathquest.carroll.edu/resources.html)28 Creating good clicker questions
  29. 29. “big picture” Clicker question In your opinion, which had the most positive impact on the modern world? A) coffee B) tea C) chocolate D) spice E) sugar (Herbst)29 Creating good clicker questions
  30. 30. exit poll Clicker question Would you like to learn more about MOOCs next class? A) yes B) no (Newbury)30 Creating good clicker questions
  31. 31. Clicker question (at driving school) Learning outcome: [after this lesson, you will be able to] change lanes from a slower lane into a faster lane. While you’re writing it, think about what type of question is it? (predict, assess...) when would you present it? (before, during, after) critique your question forclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion31 Creating good clicker questions
  32. 32. Resources www.cwsei.ubc.ca/resources/clickers.htm links to collections of peer instruction questions ctd.ucsd.edu/2012/10/writing-clicker-questions/ CWSEI Eric Mazur Derek Bruff Doug Duncan (1996) (2009) (2004, 2005)32 Creating good clicker questions

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