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Clickers 2: Writing Good Clicker Questions

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Spring 2013 Teaching and Learning Workshops: …

Spring 2013 Teaching and Learning Workshops:
Clickers 2: Writing Good Clicker Questions
April 23, 2013
Peter Newbury
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Published in: Education, Technology

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  • 1. CTD WEEKLY WORKSHOPS:CLICKERS 2: WRITING GOODCLICKER QUESTIONSPeter NewburyCenter for Teaching Development,University of California, San Diegopnewbury@ucsd.edu @polarisdotcactd.ucsd.edu #ctducsdresources: tinyurl.com/Clickers2Sp2013Tuesday, April 23, 2013 11:00 am – 12:00 pmCenter Hall, Room 316
  • 2. Writing good clicker questions2
  • 3. Writing good clicker questions3student-centered instructiontraditional lecture
  • 4. Writing good clicker questions4student-centered instructionpeer instruction with clickersinteractive demonstrationssurveys of opinionsreading quizzesworksheetsdiscussionsvideos
  • 5. Clicker QuestionWriting good clicker questions5The molecules making up the dry mass of wood thatforms during the growth of a tree largely come fromA) sunlight.B) the air.C) the seed.D) the soil.Question credit: Bill Wood
  • 6. Typical episode of peer instructionWriting good clicker questions6Alternating with 10-15 minute mini-lectures,1. Instructor poses a conceptually-challenging,multiple-choice question.2. Students think about question on their own.3. Students vote for an answer using clickers,smart phones, colored/ABCD voting cards,Poll Everywhere,…4. The instructor reacts, based on thedistribution of votes.
  • 7. In effective peer instructionWriting good clicker questions students teach each other immediately,while they may still hold or remembertheir novice preconceptions students discuss the concepts in theirown (novice) language the instructor finds out what the students know (anddon’t know) and reacts, building on their initialunderstanding and preconceptions.students learnand practicehow to think,communicatelike experts7
  • 8. Effective peer instruction requiresWriting good clicker questions81. identifying key concepts, misconceptions2. creating multiple-choice questions thatrequire deeper thinking and learning3. facilitating peer instruction episodes thatspark student discussion4. resolving the misconceptionsbeforeclassduringclasstodaynext week
  • 9. t h e l e a r n i n g c y c l eClickers help students learn...Writing good clicker questions9BEFORE DURING AFTERsetting upinstructiondevelopingknowledgeassessinglearningAdapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen
  • 10. t h e l e a r n i n g c y c l eClickers help students learn...Writing good clicker questions10BEFORE DURING AFTERsetting upinstructiondevelopingknowledgeassessinglearningAdapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen
  • 11. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions11Melt chocolate over low heat. Remove the chocolatefrom the heat. What will happen to the chocolate?A) It will condense.B) It will evaporate.C) It will freeze.(Question: Sujatha Raghu from Braincandy via LearningCatalytics)(Image: CIM9926 by number657 on flickr CC)assess prior knowledge
  • 12. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions12In your opinion, which had the most positive impact onthe modern world?A) coffeeB) teaC) chocolateD) spiceE) sugar(Herbst, UCSD)motivate
  • 13. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions13A leopard goes into a deep cavewhere there is no light. After anhour, can it see in the dark?A) No because there is no light.B) No because its eyes have not had enough time toadjust.C) Yes because its eyes have adjusted to the darkness.D) Yes because leopards can see in the dark.(Question: Paul Simeon from Braincandy via LearningCatalytics)(Image: Villy at the “door” of his cave by Tambako the Jaguar on flickr CC)provoke thinking
  • 14. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions14A ball is rolling aroundthe inside of a circulartrack. The ballleaves the trackat point P.Which pathdoes the ballfollow?PABCDE(Mazur)predict
  • 15. t h e l e a r n i n g c y c l eClickers help students learn...Writing good clicker questions15BEFORE DURING AFTERsetting upinstructiondevelopingknowledgeassessinglearningAdapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen
  • 16. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions16How many of these are reasons for the seasons? the height of the Sun in the sky during the day Earth’s distance from the Sun how many hours the Sun is up each dayA) none of themB) oneC) twoD) all threeprobe misconception
  • 17. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions17Select the line thatyou feel has thestrongest imagery in“Fast rode theknight” by StephenCrane (1905).analysisFast rode the knightWith spurs, hot and reeking,Ever waving an eager sword,"To save my lady!"Fast rode the knight,And leaped from saddle to war.Men of steel flickered and gleamedLike riot of silver lights,And the gold of the knights good bannerStill waved on a castle wall.. . . . .A horse,Blowing, staggering, bloody thing,Forgotten at foot of castle wall.A horseDead at foot of castle wall.ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP(David Kurtz, via LearningCatalytics)
  • 18. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions18Which of the following is an incorrect step when usingthe substitution method to evaluate the definite integralA)B) 40321 dxxx31 xu dxxdu 23C.D. none of the above4031duu(adapted from Bruff (2009))evaluation
  • 19. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions19Susan throws a ball straight up into the air. It goes upand then falls back into her hand 2 seconds later.Draw a graph showing the velocity of the ball from themoment it leaves her hand until she catches it again.timevelocity2 sec0exercise skill(CWSEI UBC)
  • 20. timevelocity2 sec0Atimevelocity2 sec0Btimevelocity2 sec0Ctimevelocity2 sec0DE) some other graphWhich one is the closest match to your graph? exercise skill(CWSEI UBC)Writing good clicker questions20
  • 21. t h e l e a r n i n g c y c l eClickers help students learn...Writing good clicker questions21BEFORE DURING AFTERsetting upinstructiondevelopingknowledgeassessinglearningAdapted from Rosie Piller, Ian Beatty, Stephanie Chasteen
  • 22. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions22Which point on the phylogenetic tree represents theclosest relative of the frog?ABCDE(UBC CWSEI)demonstrate success
  • 23. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions23For the data set displayed in the following histogram,which would be larger, the mean or the median?A) meanB) medianC) can’t tell from the given histogram(Peck, mathquest.carroll.edu/resources.html)review / recap
  • 24. Clicker questionWriting good clicker questions24In your opinion, which had the most positive impact onthe modern world?A) coffeeB) teaC) chocolateD) spiceE) sugar“big picture”(Herbst, UCSD)
  • 25. What makes a good clicker question?Writing good clicker questions25clarity Students should waste no effort trying to figureout what’s being asked.context Is this topic currently being coveredin class?connection tolearning goalsDoes the question make students do the rightthing to demonstrate they grasp the concept.distractors What do the “wrong” answers tell you aboutstudents’ thinking?difficulty Is the question too trivial? too hard?stimulatesthoughtfuldiscussionWill the question engage the students andspark thoughtful discussions?Is there potential for you to be “agile”?(Adapted from Chasteen, CU Boulder)
  • 26. Clicker question (History)Writing good clicker questions26In your opinion, which had the most positive impact onthe modern world?A) coffeeB) teaC) chocolateD) spiceE) sugarclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion
  • 27. Clicker question (intro Astronomy)Writing good clicker questions27Which of these are reasons for the seasons?i. the height of the Sun in the sky during the dayii. Earth’s distance from the Suniii. how many hours the Sun is up each dayA) ii onlyB) iii onlyC) i and iiD) i and iiiE) i, ii and iiiclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion
  • 28. Clicker question (intro Astronomy)Writing good clicker questions28How many of these are reasons for the seasons?the height of the Sun in the sky during the dayEarth’s distance from the Sunhow many hours the Sun is up each dayA) none of themB) oneC) twoD) all threeclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion
  • 29. Clicker question (Calculus)Writing good clicker questions29Evaluate:A)B)(adapted from Bruff (2009)) 40321 dxxx23)65(16916C.D.)165(92 2331022clarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion
  • 30. Clicker question (Calculus)Writing good clicker questions30Which of the following is an incorrect step when usingthe substitution method to evaluate the definiteintegralA)B) 40321 dxxx31 xu dxxdu 23C.D. none of the above4031duu(adapted from Bruff (2009))clarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion
  • 31. Let’s try it…Writing good clicker questions31Gather around a whiteboard in groups of 2 – 3.
  • 32. Clicker question (at driving school)Writing good clicker questions32Learning outcome: [after this lesson, you will be ableto] change lanes on a busy freeway.While you’re writing it, think about what type of question is it? (predict, assess...) when would you present it? (before, during, after) critique your question forclarity context learning goals distractors difficulty discussion
  • 33. Next week: clicker choreographyWriting good clicker questions33Peer instruction with clickers is new to your students, too.They need clear directions about how to participate:April 30: Clickers 1:Introduction to Peer Instruction with ClickersWe never want a student wonderingwhat they’re supposed to be doing:click, think, discuss, listen...?