‘ Multi’ means plenty, many, or more than one. The word ‘grade’ means level. Multigrade, therefore, means many grades.
Multigrade teaching is a situation in which one teacher has to teach many grades, all at the same time. It happens in all schools where there are more grades than teachers.
Some multigrade teachers may teach two grades, but some teach three or four grades. In very small schools, teachers may teach six or seven grades at the same time under one roof. In the traditional single-grade teaching, or monograde as it is sometimes called, the teacher teaches only one grade.
The learners in each grade are usually of the same age but may differ in abilities.
Factors Contributing to the establishment of Multigrade Teaching.
Benefits of multigrade teaching
Richer learning environment
Greater community involvement.
Development of health competition
Greater understanding between learners and educators.
Challenges of Multigrade Teaching and ways to overcome them. Planning can be very time consuming. Stakeholders may have reservations about multigrade teaching. Physical conditions may be unattractive. Some classrooms are very small and overcrowded. Few materials are available for multigrade teaching. Isolation of teachers may lead to frustration.
Challenges of Multigrade Teaching and ways to overcome them.
The school is part of the community and the school is established to serve the children of the community. Some parents in the community may not have had much schooling, but they have experience, and many have skills that can be relevant to the school curriculum.
Multigrade teaching requires spacious classrooms so that learners can move and interact freely without disturbing one another. The classroom should be protected from wind and rain. When the weather is suitable, learners can also be taught outside the classroom.