Mr. BucklandDecember 5, 2012Global Studies
PLAN   1. Climate change basics   2. The international arena   3. The national arena   4. Predictions and consequences
Earth’s global average temperature has increased by nearly .8°Celsius over the last 100 years because of increased concent...
1824 Fourier describes the  greenhouse effect.1859 Tyndall discovers  CO2 greenhouse propertyArrhenius determines  raising...
Two mile time machine:                              Instrumental records sincePaleoclimatic data from ice                 ...
We can read the carbonfingerprint of CO2 anddetermine its source.Human activity adds ~27billion tons of CO2 to theatmosphe...
Graph showing Pinatubo’sMt. Pinatubo   effect on temperature
   Rising Sea Levels   Glacial, Ice Cap, & Sea Ice    Retreat   Heat Waves   Storms and Floods   Droughts   Disease ...
The U.S. is about to register the warmest year  on record in the lower 48 states, and the  world its ninth-hottest, a Unit...
International Policy Action   National Policy Action andand Obstruction               Obstruction
   1988: The Intergovernmental    Panel on Climate Change    (IPCC) was established in 1988    under the auspices of the ...
International Stage: United NationsFramework Convention on ClimateChangeEarth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 resulted in...
   1997: Kyoto Protocol    negotiated that signatory    nations will reduce their    annual GHG emissions    5.2% below 1...
   In 2002, the German    Bundestag unanimously    ratified Kyoto.   Germany has reduced its    GHG emissions 22.4%    b...
November, 26 to December, 7 2012 COP18Stated goal: To ensure that the sum of parties’ commitments willkeep us on a pathway...
   Fuel efficiency standards   Conversion of coal-fired    power plants to natural    gas   Increased development    of...
   "While climate change alone does    not cause conflict, it may act as an    accelerant of instability or conflict,    ...
   Tobacco risks   Risk of    chloroflourocarbons to    the ozone layer   Acid rain   Nuclear winter   Climate change
   Rising Sea Levels   Glacial, Ice Cap, & Sea Ice    Retreat   Heat Waves   Storms and Floods   Droughts   Disease ...
Climate change politics
Climate change politics
Climate change politics
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Climate change politics

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Climate change politics

  1. 1. Mr. BucklandDecember 5, 2012Global Studies
  2. 2. PLAN 1. Climate change basics 2. The international arena 3. The national arena 4. Predictions and consequences
  3. 3. Earth’s global average temperature has increased by nearly .8°Celsius over the last 100 years because of increased concentrations of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. Human activity is directly and indirectly responsible for the release of these GHGs. The primary drivers are combustion of fossil fuels followed by deforestation, gases released from landfills, fugitive emissions, agriculture, and other minor sources. We are warming the planet. If we continue these habits, the most credible scientists and scientific organizations in the world agree we will warm Earth by 4°Celsius.
  4. 4. 1824 Fourier describes the greenhouse effect.1859 Tyndall discovers CO2 greenhouse propertyArrhenius determines raising atmospheric concentration of CO2 will raise global average temperature.These basic findings enable heat-seeking200 years of scientists missiles to work Greenhouse Effect
  5. 5. Two mile time machine: Instrumental records sincePaleoclimatic data from ice 1880cores
  6. 6. We can read the carbonfingerprint of CO2 anddetermine its source.Human activity adds ~27billion tons of CO2 to theatmosphere per year.Since the beginning of theindustrial revolution, we haveadded raised CO2concentrations by about 30%(280 ppm to 392 ppm).
  7. 7. Graph showing Pinatubo’sMt. Pinatubo effect on temperature
  8. 8.  Rising Sea Levels Glacial, Ice Cap, & Sea Ice Retreat Heat Waves Storms and Floods Droughts Disease and Pests Economic Disruption Conflict and War Biodiversity Loss Ecosystem Collapse
  9. 9. The U.S. is about to register the warmest year on record in the lower 48 states, and the world its ninth-hottest, a United Nations agency said in a report, adding new urgency to the quest to control global warming.Two-thirds of the U.S. states suffered drought this year, while heat waves hit across Europe and in Morocco, Jordan, China and Russia, the World Meteorological Organization said in a report released in Doha, where UN climate talks began this week. It noted Arctic sea ice shrank to its smallest on record.“The alarming rate of its melt this year highlighted the far reaching changes taking place on Earth’s oceans and biosphere,” WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud said in a statement. “Climate change is taking place before our eyes and will continue to do so as a result of the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which have risen constantly
  10. 10. International Policy Action National Policy Action andand Obstruction Obstruction
  11. 11.  1988: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Meteorological Organization for the purpose of assessing “the scientific, technical and socioeconomic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change. Like the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the IPCC is meant to inform policy makers about the scientific understanding and real-world implications of climate change. The IPCC has no policy-making authority.
  12. 12. International Stage: United NationsFramework Convention on ClimateChangeEarth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 resulted in the signing of theUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),which now has 195 parties.Its goal was to “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphereat a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference withthe climate system.”
  13. 13.  1997: Kyoto Protocol negotiated that signatory nations will reduce their annual GHG emissions 5.2% below 1990 levels by 2020. Its mechanisms were decided in 2001 via the Maracesh Accords. Became binding in 2005. Only 37 countries and the EU ratified it, accounting for 25% of global emissions. Three withdrew – Canada, Russia, and Japan.
  14. 14.  In 2002, the German Bundestag unanimously ratified Kyoto. Germany has reduced its GHG emissions 22.4% below 1990 levels. Ambitious renewable energy goals through wind and solar installation – 20% renewable energy by 2020.
  15. 15. November, 26 to December, 7 2012 COP18Stated goal: To ensure that the sum of parties’ commitments willkeep us on a pathway where it is still possible to holdtemperature increase at 2 degrees Celsius over preindustriallevels by the end of the century? The closing of the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action Agreement on a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol: European Union, Australia, and Switzerland Advancement of a work plan for the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action
  16. 16.  Fuel efficiency standards Conversion of coal-fired power plants to natural gas Increased development of renewable energy Green Building Initiative Programs will reduce U.S. GHG by 3-4% from 1990 levels by 2020.
  17. 17.  "While climate change alone does not cause conflict, it may act as an accelerant of instability or conflict, placing a burden to respond on civilian institutions and militaries around the world." "Although they produce distinct types of challenges, climate change, energy security, and economic stability are inextricably linked…[and] extreme weather events may lead to increased demands for defense support to civil authorities for humanitarian assistance or disaster response both within the United States and overseas. In some nations, the military is the only institution with the capacity to respond to a large- scale natural disaster."
  18. 18.  Tobacco risks Risk of chloroflourocarbons to the ozone layer Acid rain Nuclear winter Climate change
  19. 19.  Rising Sea Levels Glacial, Ice Cap, & Sea Ice Retreat Heat Waves Storms and Floods Droughts Disease and Pests Economic Disruption Conflict and War Biodiversity Loss Ecosystem Collapse

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