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  1. 1. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 1 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance level: 5 credit: 5 planned review date: August 2003 sub-field: Sport purpose: People credited with this unit standard are able to: identify and describe the signs and symptoms of nutritional concerns, and describe the impact of these nutritional concerns on health; demonstrate the ability to identify at risk participants and refer identified individuals to professionals; identify and describe general concepts associated with body shape and weight; assist in the determination of unique nutritional needs to meet safe and realistic weight goals; and demonstrate the ability to assist in the implementation of a nutritional programme to meet specific weight goals. entry information: Prerequisite: Unit 6572, Apply the principles of nutrition to people involved in physical activity, or demonstrate equivalent knowledge and skills. accreditation option: Evaluation of documentation and visit by NZQA and industry. moderation option: A centrally established and directed national moderation system has been set up by the Sport, Fitness and Recreation Industry Training Organisation - Sports Advisory Group. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  2. 2. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 2 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance special notes: 1 Glossary of terms used in this unit standard: Nutritional concerns as referred to in this unit standard may be defined as health threatening conditions or illnesses which commonly display consequences of misuse of nutrition and/or practices associated with food. Gynoid and Android as referred to in this unit standard refer to 'pear' and 'apple' shapes respectively. 2 Competence may be demonstrated in a simulated situation. Elements and Performance Criteria element 1 Identify and describe the signs, symptoms, and impact of nutritional concerns on health and physical performance. performance criteria 1.1 Nutritional concerns are named and defined. Range: diabetes, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating, excessive weight gain, excessive weight loss, excessive alcohol intake, anaemia, calcium deficiency, low energy consumers, doping, excessive supplement and/or vitamin use. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  3. 3. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 3 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance 1.2 Signs and symptoms of nutritional concerns are outlined. Range: physiological changes, mental state, attitudes, habits and actions. 1.3 The effect of nutritional concerns on health and physical performance is explained. Range: growth and development, health, body composition, ability to learn, ability to perform, lifestyle, self-esteem. element 2 Demonstrate the ability to identify at risk participants and groups, and assist in the management of nutritional concerns. Range: diabetes, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating, excessive weight gain, excessive weight loss, excessive alcohol intake, iron deficiency, calcium deficiency, low energy consumers, doping, excessive supplement and/or vitamin use. performance criteria 2.1 Profiles identify at risk participants for each nutritional concern. Range: sports in which body image and/or weight is of importance, age, gender, high impact sports, socio-economic status. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  4. 4. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 4 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance 2.2 Strategies for assisting in the management of nutritional concerns are described. Range: development of trust, non-threatening communication, ongoing support, awareness of guilt and/or fear, referral to medical and/or nutritional professionals, confidentiality, ethical considerations. 2.3 Ability to refer athletes and/or clients to professionals is demonstrated according to the signs and symptoms the athletes and/or clients display. Range: professionals - clinical psychologist, dietician specialising in eating disorders, sports physician, dietician specialising in sport. 2.4 Assistance is demonstrated for the management of nutritional concerns as determined by the professional(s). element 3 Identify and describe general concepts associated with body shape and weight. performance criteria 3.1 Somatotypes are named and described. Range: ectomorph, endomorph, mesomorph, gynoid, android. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  5. 5. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 5 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance 3.2 The reasons people are different somatotypes and the implications of these somatotypes on weight and body composition management are explained. Range: reasons for different somatotypes - genetics, basal metabolic rate, energy balance; implications - possible manipulations of somatotypes, effect on physical activity. 3.3 The effects of weight cycling on body composition and physical activity are described. Range: body fat distribution, metabolic rate, energy levels, psychological. element 4 Assist in the determination of unique nutritional needs to meet safe and realistic weight goals. performance criteria 4.1 Ideal body composition is identified for individuals participating in specific physical activities. Range: body composition - as is relevant to the sport, body fat, girth, height, weight, centre of gravity; profile of specific physical activities - environmental conditions, fitness components, energy systems, duration of physical activity, intensity of physical activity. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  6. 6. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 6 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance 4.2 Body dimensions of an individual are measured and/or obtained, and body composition is assessed against norms. Range: Body Mass Index, waist-hip ratio (WHR), body profile (circumference measures) ectomorph, endomorph, mesomorph, gynoid (pear), android (apple), sum of skin folds. 4.3 Approximate energy needs for an individual are determined using exercise expenditure charts. Range: gender, age, intensity of exercise, duration of exercise, type of exercise, frequency of exercise. 4.4 Safe weight goals are established in consultation with the individual and a nutrition professional. Range: maximum weight loss or gain approximately 0.5-1kg per week, minimise loss of lean body tissue, maximise loss of body fat. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  7. 7. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 7 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance element 5 Demonstrate the ability to assist in the implementation of a nutrition programme to meet specific weight goals. performance criteria 5.1 Current diet and exercise levels recorded by the athlete and/or client using a diary are assessed in consultation with nutrition professionals to determine modification required to achieve weight goals. Range: duration of exercise, intensity of exercise, type of exercise, frequency of exercise, type of food and fluid consumed, amount of food and fluid consumed, timing of food and fluid consumed, feelings during exercise and consumption of food and fluid, preparation of food and fluid. 5.2 Nutritional requirements of selected exercise and/or training programmes are identified in consultation with nutrition professionals and described in terms of recommendations and guidelines for the athlete and/or client. Range: exercise programme - type, intensity, duration and frequency of physical activity; general principles - changes to the athletes and/or clients lifestyle are gradual and permanent, changes are compatible to their culture, compatible with components of their lifestyle- job, family, financial situation, sport, training programme, competition programme. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  8. 8. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 8 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance 5.3 Ability to support the athlete's and/or client's adherence is demonstrated when the athlete and/or client is following a dietary programme designed by nutrition professionals and reviewed by the learner. Range: moral support and/or provision of incentives and/or monitoring of food and fluid intake and/or consumption of similar foods at a similar time and/or non consumption of banned foods in presence of athlete and/or client. 5.4 Potential problems in a weight loss and/or weight gain programme are identified and explained. Range: injury, unrealistic expectations of initial programme, non- compliance with programme or some aspects of the programme, change in circumstances of the athlete and/or client, too little or too much weight loss, mechanisms of short term body weight fluctuation. 5.5 Unsafe methods used to manage body weight and the effect of these methods on the health of the individual are explained. Range: dehydration, bingeing, starvation, diuretics, laxatives, unbalanced diets. © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010
  9. 9. 6573 version 3 10-May-10 9 of 9 SPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Demonstrate ability to manage nutritional concerns and body composition with professional assistance Comments to: Sport, Fitness and Recreation Industry Training Organisation - Sports Advisory Group Unit Standard Revision PO Box 160 WELLINGTON by August 2003. Please Note: Providers must be accredited by the Qualifications Authority before they can offer programmes of education and training assessed against unit standards. Accredited providers assessing against unit standards must engage with the moderation system that applies to those unit standards. [Please refer to relevant Plan ref: 0058] © New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2010

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