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is.ppt

  1. 1. 3) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>Chatter bots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are pieces of software. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using natural language processing, their program attempts to identify what a user says - the input - then applies a variety of different methods, from pattern matching and keyword identification to neural networks and fuzzy logic, to produce an appropriate answer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No chatter bots can claim to have human capacities of reasoning and deduction, and by no means are yet able to reproduce all the complexity of the human brain. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. 3) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>How intelligent are chatterbots depend </li></ul><ul><li>on: </li></ul><ul><li>the technology on which the chatter bots is based on </li></ul><ul><li>the quality of the knowledge base - the brain - that has been developed by the botmaster </li></ul><ul><li>what you expect from them ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>Developers have found a number of solutions which </li></ul><ul><li>enable chatter bots to imitate human conversational </li></ul><ul><li>ability, based upon a range of tricks for avoiding </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult questions and sticking to areas that they </li></ul><ul><li>can handle, which in some ways is a proof of </li></ul><ul><li>intelligence in itself. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3 ) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><li>making controversial statements to provoke a response </li></ul><ul><li>agreeing with the user, rather than being non-committal </li></ul><ul><li>repeating user input in their answers to make it seem as if they are following the conversation </li></ul><ul><li>remembering and reusing past topics of conversation </li></ul><ul><li>changing the topic when they don't understand </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3 ) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>Turing Predication: </li></ul><ul><li>Turing predicted that machines would be capable of </li></ul><ul><li>being as human as humans by the end of the twentieth </li></ul><ul><li>century... but it seems as if it will be some years yet </li></ul><ul><li>before this dream becomes reality. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>Example A.L.I.C.E Chatterbots: </li></ul><ul><li>A.L.I.C.E Statement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>are not related to what I was chatting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometime say “I was not designed for”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not remembering the past conversations. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 3) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>More and more effort is going into chatterbots research </li></ul><ul><li>and development. </li></ul><ul><li>Although acquiring human intelligence remains a distant </li></ul><ul><li>dream, chatterbots technology can only keep improving, </li></ul><ul><li>to meet the ever-growing need for communication and </li></ul><ul><li>information. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3) How intelligent are modern chatter bots? Do they meet Turing’s prediction? <ul><li>References: </li></ul><ul><li>www.agentland.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.alicebot.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.stetson.edu </li></ul>
  9. 9. 5) What would or do you regard as evidence of intelligence in a machine? <ul><li>Evidence of intelligence in a machine can be </li></ul><ul><li>easily found if we can answer the question </li></ul><ul><li>below: </li></ul><ul><li>“ What do you consider intelligence to be?” </li></ul>
  10. 10. 5) What would or do you regard as evidence of intelligence in a machine? <ul><li>Approach: </li></ul><ul><li>A human cannot be intelligent in all the areas. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g.: </li></ul><ul><li>An engineer is knowledgeable in his own area </li></ul><ul><li>and if we ask any question related to medical </li></ul><ul><li>field he might not be able to answer. But, as an </li></ul><ul><li>engineer he will be able direct us to some </li></ul><ul><li>medical representative who will be able to </li></ul><ul><li>answer . </li></ul>
  11. 11. 5) What would or do you regard as evidence of intelligence in a machine? <ul><li>Evidence of intelligence in a machine: </li></ul><ul><li>Pass the Turing test. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to </li></ul><ul><li>understand and learn </li></ul><ul><li>solve problem </li></ul><ul><li>make own decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>adapt </li></ul>
  12. 12. 5) What would or do you regard as evidence of intelligence in a machine? <ul><li>Execute efficient search mechanisms to carry out complex computations </li></ul><ul><li>Should be able to exhibit proper responses to various stimuli </li></ul><ul><li>Should have some kind of memory and be able to interact & learn from new environments </li></ul>
  13. 13. 5) What would or do you regard as evidence of intelligence in a machine? <ul><li>They should be able to act on their own </li></ul><ul><li>Machines have been built to emulate human behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Current chatter bots have shown a good sense of humor </li></ul>
  14. 14. 5) What would or do you regard as evidence of intelligence in a machine? <ul><li>E.g.: Asimo </li></ul><ul><li>(Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look like humans and have similar intelligence and abilities of human. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of performing most common household chores. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition, the androids will function as round-the-clock security guards capable of phoning the police or fire departments in case of emergency. </li></ul></ul>

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