group_2.ppt
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Transcript

  • 1. P2P communication Using the GTalk Service API
  • 2. Introduction
    • Peer-to-Peer communication highly used in mobile devices.
    • Very efficient to when certain factors such as battery, mobility and any other external costs are considered.
    • Short Message Service (SMS)?
      • Ideal for two very remote devices (satellite?)
      • Slow
      • Expensive
      • Might not carry enough data into one SMS (even more expensive)
  • 3. GTalkService Basics
    • Very similar to the Java Listener and Handler technique
    • Mainly consists of:
      • Several Intents
        • used to send/receive data
        • initialize the service connection
      • A class implementing the ServiceConnection interface
        • Used once the connection is established
      • A class extending the IntentReceiver abstract class
        • Used when the message is received
      • An IGTalkService
        • Used to extract a GTalk session ( IGTalkSession )
      • An IGtalkSession
        • Used to send the data using sendMessage(String, Intent)
  • 4. ServiceConnection-implementing class
    • Must be implemented to specify what to do during certain connection events
    • Two methods
      • onServiceConnected(ComponentName, IBinder)
        • Invoked by the Android platform once the requested service connection is established
      • onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName)
        • Invoked by the Android platform once the connection is lost (legally/illegally)
  • 5. ServiceConnection continued …
    • onServiceConnected(ComponentName name, IBinder service)
      • IGTalkService gtalk_service = IGTalkService.Stub.asInterface(service);
      • IGTalkSession session = gtalk_service.getDefaultSession();
    • onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName name)
      • Session = null; //no point in keeping a non-connected session instance
  • 6. Main procedure
    • Initialize two instances (more on these later on):
      • A ServiceConnection, and
      • An IntentReceiver
    • Request a GTalk Service by binding it to your Activity
      • Create a new Intent
      • Set the Intent’s component to GTalkService.GTALK_SERVICE_COMPONENT
      • Bind the intent using bindService(Intent, ServiceConnection, int);
    • Register the IntentReceiver using registerReceiver(IntentReceiver, IntentFilter)
    • The platform will automatically invoke the onServiceConnected(ContextName, IBinder) method
  • 7. Sending a message…
    • Using the recently extracted session, use the sendMessage(String, Intent);
      • Intent msg = new Intent();
      • msg.setAction(GTalkDataMessageReceiver.ACTION);//to be explained on the next slide
      • msg.putExtra(“1”, “Line 1”);
      • msg.putExtra(“2”, 34);
      • session.sendDataMessage(“john.doe”, msg);
  • 8. IntentReceiver – abstract class
    • Must implement one particular abstract method: onReceiveIntent(Context, Intent)
      • Invoked by the Android platform once an intent is received from some external entity
      • Passes the Intent which was sent by the sender
      • Must make sure the incoming Intent is a GTalk message sent by the sender
  • 9. IntentReceiver continued …
    • onReceiveIntent(Context context, Intent intent)
      • if (intent.getAction().equals(GTalkDataMessageReceiver.ACTION)) {//point 2}
      • Bundle b = intent.getExtras();
      • b.getString(“1”); //returns “Line 1”
      • b.getInt(“2”); //returns 32