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GovConnection - The Alabama Cooperative Extension System


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  • Cloud computing is similar to what the tech industry has been calling "on-demand" or "utility" computing, terms used to describe the ability to tap into computing power on the Web with the same ease as plugging into an electric outlet in your home This makes sense for people who don't want to invest in building their own data centers or don't want to buy all the hardware required to handle "peaks" in demand. You can rely on outside provider to give you servers, storage, and bandwidth as you need it. Cloud computing's appeal is that it can eliminate a company's need for its own data center. It also lets businesses pay for bandwidth on an on-demand basis
  • Supercomputers today are used mainly by the military, government intelligence agencies, universities and research labs, and large companies to tackle enormously complex calculations for such tasks as simulating nuclear explosions, predicting climate change, designing airplanes, and analyzing which proteins in the body are likely to bind with potential new drugs. Cloud computing aims to apply that kind of power—measured in the tens of trillions of computations per second—to problems like analyzing risk in financial portfolios, delivering personalized medical information, even powering immersive computer games, in a way that users can tap through the Web This makes sense for people who don't want to invest in building their own data centers or don't want to buy all the hardware required to handle "peaks" in demand. You can rely on outside provider to give you servers, storage, and bandwidth as you need it. One is scale. Google, Yahoo! ( YHOO ), Microsoft ( MSFT ), and ( AMZN ) have vast data centers full of tens of thousands of server computers, offering computing power of a magnitude never before available. Cloud computing is also more flexible. Clouds can be used not only to perform specific computing tasks, but also to handle wide swaths of the technologies companies need to run their operations. Then there's efficiency: The servers are hooked to each other so they operate like a single large machine, so computing tasks large and small can be performed more quickly and cheaply than ever before.
  • This diagram shows side-by-side how the connections between the users and host are different for the X- and the L-series. X Series access devices connect directly to a PCI card installed in the computer. This limits the maximum number of users that can share a host to seven (one on the host and 3 connected to each of 2 PCI cards). L Series access devices connect to the host PC over Ethernet through standard networking cable, switches and routers. This lets us connect up to 30 users to a single host.
  • This diagram shows how the X Series would be configured for a 7 user system.
  • This diagram shows how the L Series would be configured for a 30 user system.
  • This diagram show how just 4 host PCs can provide computing for 24 students. If a student is playing Solitaire, the teacher can see it through NControl. If a student downloads a virus or pirated software, the NShield software can restore the computer to a known-good state.
  • Placeholder - presentation title | Date - 6 April, 2006
  • Placeholder - presentation title | Date - 6 April, 2006 Placeholder - Presentation title | 6 April, 2006 iSCSI boot key
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Future of Mobility in Higher Education
      • Allen Clingerman
      • Enterprise Business Development Manager
      • [email_address]
      • Mobile 727-742-0201
    • 2. MID – Natural Evolution, Not Revolution Smart Phones Mobile Internet Devices Full Internet Social Networking Personal Media Player Web applications Netbooks/Nettops eReaders (Kindle & Sony) Traditional Notebooks Connectivity Battery Life SoC Cost MIDs Always on Days of Use Lowest Cost Multiple suppliers/competition Diversity/Innovation High 150M 40% CAGR Notebooks Intermittent usage Hours of Use Higher Cost Limited suppliers Platform/lock step Mature 120M 5% CAGR
    • 3. What is the Intel ATOM processor?
      • Intel’s Smallest processor; built for SMALL, Featherweight, simple, affordable internet access and basic functionality devices
        • 1.6Ghz & 1.66Ghz Single core processor (Dual Core coming..)
        • Intel High Definition Audio
        • Integrated GMA 950 graphics core
        • PCI Express bus for high speed
        • Standard DDR2 memory support
    • 4. Other new industry terminology…
      • Nettop
        • MID Desktop Internet platform
        • Low Power – Energy Star, EPEAT
        • Low Cost (entry starting at $269 currently)
        • Traditional HDD
        • No optical (in todays platforms)
      • Netbook
        • MID Mobile laptop Internet platform
        • Low Power – Energy Star, EPEAT
        • Low Cost (entry starting at $299 currently)
        • SSD or traditional HDD
        • Optical drives starting to appear in higher end Netbook segment
    • 5. Nvidia ION – discrete video performance for Intel Atom and Via Nano
      • Intel Atom gets Accelerated! Lower power!
      • DL-DVI, HDMI
      • Gibabit Ethernet with First Packet technology
      • 6 SATA drive support
      • 1x16 PCI Express 2.0 support
      • Nvidia GeForce 9400 MGPU featuring
        • DirectX 10 support
        • Hybrid SLI
        • Nvidia CUDA
        • PhysX
        • PureVideo HD
    • 6. What is the new Intel ULV Pentium processor?
      • Intel’s Newest Ultra Low Voltage processor (SU2700); built for Ultra-Thin systems at mainstream price points (under $1000)
        • 1.3Ghz Single core processor, 2Mb L2, 45nm technology
        • Intel High Definition Audio
        • Integrated GMA 4500M graphics core
        • DDR2 or DDR3 memory support
    • 7. Why ANOTHER category of Notebooks? 
      • Create a new vector of products in the mobile category
      • Provide a FULL PC experience with the flexibility of mobility
      • Sleek, thinner and lighter devices
      • Multi-tasking performance & rich internet experience
      • Create a new vector of products in the mobile category
      • Provide a FULL PC experience with the flexibility of mobility
      • Sleek, thinner and lighter devices
      • Multi-tasking performance & rich internet experience
      • Create videos, edit photos, burn CD&DVD
      • Quiet cooling solutions
      • Lower overall platform power for improved battery life
    • 8. Mobile Device Operating Systems
      • Windows XP Home/Professional/XPe
      • Traditional Linux Distributions
      • Intel Moblin Project
      • Google Android
      • Ubuntu Netbook Remix
      • Windows 7 Starter
      • gOS
      • Cloud based Operating System
      • Mac OS X
    • 9. Cloud Computing
      • A definition refers to any situation in which computing is done in a remote location (out in the clouds), rather than on your desktop or portable device .
      • You tap into that computing power over an Internet connection.
      • " The cloud is a smart, complex, powerful computing system in the sky that people can just plug into. "
      • Web browser pioneer Marc Andreessen
    • 10. Cloud Structure
      • Cloud Benefits:
      • Cloud = Less Investment
      • (not own data center, hardware; use outside provider of servers, storage, and bandwidth)
      • Cloud = Scale
      • (tens of thousands of server computers)
      • Cloud = Flexible and Efficiency
    • 11. Cloud Computing Types
    • 12. Cloud Operating Systems
      • Work completely online – personally OR collaboratively
      • Provide basic OS functionality
      • Centrally manage OS “images”
      • Public or Private cloud services
      • Enable lower cost computing elements (lower cost netbooks)
      • Various Fee and free offerings
    • 13. Intel My WiFi Technology – Sync, Share, Show
      • Sync Wi-Fi enabled devlices like media players or digital cameras
      • Share content among your Wi-Fi devices anywhere
      • Show content from one Wi-Fi enabled device on another Wi-Fi device. Ex. Show a streaming video from the Internet on an HDTV
      • Print directly to a Wi-Fi enabled printer
      • My WiFi technology lets your Wi-Fi enabled CE devices connect directly and securely to your notebook without having to go through a Wi-Fi network access point. Your Intel Centrino 2 processor technology based notebook is your own portable Wi-Fi network.
      • Intel My WiFi technology inherits the same mature security capabilities of conventional Wi-Fi (i.e. WPA, WPA2, etc)
      • Intel WiFi Link 5100 or Intel Ultimate N WiFi Link 5300 required – Windows Vista & Win 7
    • 14. WiMAX – Extending WiMAX to Mobility 802.16e Fixed WiMAX ‘06 Nomadic WiMAX ’ 07 – ‘08 Mobile WiMAX ’ 08 – ‘09 Technology Modem Client PC-Card + Integration Notebook Full Mobile Integration Full range of Mobile Devices Outdoor & Indoor Modems + WiFi Desktop + Notebook
    • 15. Global WiMAX Deployments 2009
    • 16. Securing and Managing the Mobile device
        • TPM is the foundation– first shipped in 1999, 20+ million shipped to-date
        • Intel vPro can be an additional malware and manageability
        • TPM is integrating with mainstream applications : Adobe Acrobat, Checkpoint VPN, Cisco VPN, Verisign Personal Trust Agent, Utimaco, Absolute Software, etc.
        • Integrated Biometric Security measures – FPR, Facial Recognition
        • Integration of Biometric fingerprint AND TPM
        • Computrace Agent in BIOS for AssetTrack and Theft recovery
        • Systems Management via Internet Gateway
        • Device Management, NAC and HIPS
    • 17. Managing Mobility Overview
    • 18. Thin Client and Terminal Services/Citrix
    • 19. OS and Application Streaming
    • 20. Virtualized Desktop Infrastructure
    • 21. Licensing requirements/considerations
      • Desktop Management suite – licensed per seat ~$35-$50
      • Antivirus/Spam/Spyware/UTM - ~$35-$50
      • Can add Intel vPro for ~$20
      • Windows Server CAL - ~$35
      • OS usually licensed per OEM
      • OS usually licensed per OEM
      • Antivirus/Spam/Spyware/UTM
      • Windows Server CAL
      • Terminal Services
      • Windows 2008, Terminal Server license
      • Windows Terminal Server CAL
      • Windows Server CAL
      • OS Licenses
      • Citrix XenApp Server license
      • Citrix XenApp Concurrent CAL
      • Additional Xen Application features
      • Additional Thin Client SW Stack – RDX, etc.
      • Hardware Virtualized:
      • Windows 2008, Terminal Server license
      • Windows Terminal Server CAL per client
      • Windows Server CAL
      • Software Virtualized:
      • VMWare ESX Server (or Ent)
      • VMWare View 3 addon
      • Basic OS usually licensed per OEM
      • Must move to Vista Enterprise Centralized desktop & SA in MS Agreement OR VECD subscription on Thin client
      • Streaming OS and Applications
      • Wyse Streaming Manager
      • Wyse Streaming Imaging Device
      • Windows Server CAL
      • OS Licenses
    • 22. Managed Mobile Environment
    • 23. Typical Terminal Services/Citrix Implementation Remote Computing Branch Offices Windows Terminals and NCs Wireless Terminals and Information Appliances Web Computing Cross- Platform Desktops WinFrame & MetaFrame Server Farms
    • 24. What is a “Multi User” OS Environment?
      • Hardware/Software stack that runs applications on a remote server, not on a local desktop.
      • Key strokes and mouse click are sent over network to the server to process and give back the result…… thus sometimes referred to as “screen-casting”
      • Clients can be a low powered PC or a Thin client device.
      • Thin Clients typically don’t have HDD, FDD, CDROMS, Cooling Fans. Most have Low Processing Power.
    • 25. What is a Thin Client? How does it work?
      • Small User device about 1/3 Size Of PC.
      • Can Support Windows CE, XP Embedded, Thin OS’s (i.e. ThinConnect) and Linux Environments.
      • Some are configured with NO local OS.
      • Can Be Configured On As Low As 16Mb Of RAM.
      • Same Feel As Working On a Windows Based OS – basic Windows fidelity.
      • Remote Computation….Server Takes Care Of All The Processing.
      • Works On either Citrix`s ICA (Independent Computing Architecture), Sun’s ALP (Appliance Link Protocol) Or Microsoft's RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) Protocols (Both Require Only 20Kbps Speed Over Network To Work).
      • User Logs Onto The Server Via Web Portal And A Familiar Windows Base Environment is Replicated to Users Screens With Access To Application, Internet, Mail, Drives, Printers, Etc.
    • 26. Thin Clients – General Overview
      • Sun Microsystems – SunRay 2 (All based on Sun Ray OS)
      • Range from $349.00 to $799.00 depending on configuration
      • HP 5000 Series – (OS Choice: HP ThinConnect, ThinPro, Xpe or CE6) Range from $249.00 to $600.00 depending on configuration
      • Wyse S, V, R, G series (OS Choice: Linux, Xpe, CE6, Zero – WSM)
      • Range from $250.00 to $1200.00
    • 27. Client Hardware Virtualization Share excess computing resources among multiple users! Turn 1 PC to up 30 Virtual PCs Capacity of the average CPU is under-utilized (using less than 10%!) < CPU meter >
    • 28. NComputing Technology Enables Desktop Virtualization 1 2 3 NComputing vSpace Software runs on standard Windows or Linux host computer NComputing User Extension Protocol (UXP) delivers a secure, multi-media interface NComputing Access Terminals are slim, silent, efficient, and very low cost
    • 29. Hardware Product Line Overview L-Series: Ethernet Connection X-Series: Direct Connection
      • Lowest Cost
      • Full multimedia
      • Host in same room (10m)
      • 1 watt per user
      • X550: Up to 11 users per host
      • X300: Up to 7 users per host
        • Most Flexible
        • Highest # of users per host
        • Ethernet = no distance limits
        • 5 watts per user
        • Up to 30 users per host computer
    • 30. X Series Configuration Note: Four users can share a PC running with one X300 kit. Seven users can share with two X300 kits. Ideal environments: K-12
    • 31. L Series Deployment Architecture Note: Up to 30 users can share if the host hardware is a server running a server OS (i.e. Terminal Server 2008). Ideal Environments: Some Higher Ed computer labs Connects over the LAN or WAN at any distance using an IP address
      • Why buy an access terminal vs. another PC
      • Saves Hardware cost (less expensive than a thin client and easier to deploy).
      • Reduces IT Maintenance
      • Promotes central storage networks to increase data security
      • Reduces Power consumption and saves energy
      • Essentially, never obsolete and easy to upgrade
      • Eliminate any down time by having multiple host PC’s
    • 32. Sample Hardware Virtualized environment During Class Time, Playing a game Send a warning message to a student and close an game window by using NControl NControl can monitor student sessions, send warnings, and even close the game window Student is playing a game in class In this example, just four host PCs are needed for a lab with 24 students!
      • Access Terminal at student:
      • Powered by the Ethernet cable, so
      • no additional electrical needed
      • Generates no heat, hence no
      • HVAC retrofits required
      Only 1 network cable drop feeds 7 students -- dramatically reducing wiring costs/time
    • 33. The Components of a Software Virtual Client Solution Desktop clients run on pool of centralized servers using VMware software with Connection Broker Corporate Office or Disaster Recovery Center Developer desktops Outsourced or Branch Office PCs Unmanaged PCs Thin client desktops or laptops DevonIT 6020 or Safebook Connection Broker Wyse S10 Neoware c50
    • 34. Software Client virtualization - The Building Blocks Virtual Client Solutions @ GovConnection , Inc. Virtual Desktop Server User Management (Connection Brokering / Session Management) Remote Access Protocol (RDP) Systems Integration Services Devices Operating Systems Desktops Laptops Thin Clients Server hardware & Storage
    • 35. Alternative Desktop – Current Market Offerings PC like device with local processor power Server/DT Blade Display device running VMWare VDI Thin Client Server/DT Blades Virtualization Blade Server Farm Potential lowest cost, but limited function Windows experience for low graphics application Scalable and high availability Display device w/ remote processing VMWare ESX, Citrix ICA, MS RDP
    • 36. Secure Managed Client (SMC)
      • Software Stack
        • Management console
        • Connection Manager
        • SAN Provisioning
      SMC Client M58P Initially desktop w/o HDD Future - optimized design Total solution is “green” Lenovo Storage Array (LSA) Built on iSCSI SAN Tuned for SMC Available in Rack Workgroup LSA planned for 1H09 Evaluating future LSA Appliance
    • 37. Alternative Desktop Segmentation and Positioning Windows PC Fidelity Business Functions Full Limited Repetitive Adaptive Task & Data Entry Worker Knowledge Worker Power user & Technical Worker VDI Secure Managed Client # of users Thin Clients
    • 38. Alternative Desktop Sample ROI Comparison Current Cost Structure per seat HW Cost Base lined via Traditional PC SW Cost Base lined via Traditional Console 3 yr TCO Cost Facilities Cost ROI Thin Client (RDP) 52% 82% $ 1200 $ 1,700 104 % Desktop Virtualization 195% 336% $ 1800 $ 6,500 - 19 % SMC 95% 100% (+SA) $ 2100 $ 580 288 % Desktop Blade 172% to 213% 110% $ 2100 $ 8,700 - 23 % Traditional Desktop Baseline Baseline $ 7200 Minimal -
    • 39. Our range of capabilities
      • Plan
      • Pre Sales support
      • Technical Documentation
      • Statement of Work Generation
      • RFP response
      • Assessments
      • Data Center Walk through
      • Implementation Consulting
      • Configuration Support
      • Migration Consulting
      • Design
      • Network and Security Storage
      • Disaster Recovery Plan
      • High Availability
      • Co-location
      • Data Center expansions
      • HVAC and power
      • Assessments
      • Staff Augmentation
      • Supply
      • Custom Configuration of Desktops, Laptops
      • Server, Storage, Network Equipment in Configuration Center
      • Complete Rack mount and cabinet Configuration
      • Install & Implement
      • Project management
      • Hardware & Total Solution Staging
      • Application Testing in Lab
      • Host equipment acceptance
      • Transportation Services
      • Installation Services
      • Technical Documentation
      • Data Center Moves
      • Citrix Installs & Support
      • SAN Installs
      • User and Network Adds, Moves & Changes
      • Maintain
      • Warranty Support Contracts
      • - In/Out/Post
      • Custom Support Services
      • Security Programs
      • Help Desk
      • Repair & Parts Services
      • Asset Recovery & Disposal
    • 40. Bringing it all together – Educational applications – What does the future bring?
      • Incorporating all of these technologies together
        • Facial recognition (biometrics)
        • Speech recognition
        • Artificial Intelligence
        • New teaching and learning environments & applications
      Recent Sample application integrating these together Microsoft Project Natal
    • 41. Summary Solution Complexity Solution Cost Standard Unmanaged Desktop Managed Desktop & Application Virtualization & SMC Hardware Virtualization Terminal Services, Application and OS streaming, Thin Client & Software Virtualization