Cloud computing is similar to what the tech industry has been calling &quot;on-demand&quot; or &quot;utility&quot; computing, terms used to describe the ability to tap into computing power on the Web with the same ease as plugging into an electric outlet in your home This makes sense for people who don't want to invest in building their own data centers or don't want to buy all the hardware required to handle &quot;peaks&quot; in demand. You can rely on outside provider to give you servers, storage, and bandwidth as you need it. Cloud computing's appeal is that it can eliminate a company's need for its own data center. It also lets businesses pay for bandwidth on an on-demand basis
Supercomputers today are used mainly by the military, government intelligence agencies, universities and research labs, and large companies to tackle enormously complex calculations for such tasks as simulating nuclear explosions, predicting climate change, designing airplanes, and analyzing which proteins in the body are likely to bind with potential new drugs. Cloud computing aims to apply that kind of power—measured in the tens of trillions of computations per second—to problems like analyzing risk in financial portfolios, delivering personalized medical information, even powering immersive computer games, in a way that users can tap through the Web This makes sense for people who don't want to invest in building their own data centers or don't want to buy all the hardware required to handle &quot;peaks&quot; in demand. You can rely on outside provider to give you servers, storage, and bandwidth as you need it. One is scale. Google, Yahoo! ( YHOO ), Microsoft ( MSFT ), and Amazon.com ( AMZN ) have vast data centers full of tens of thousands of server computers, offering computing power of a magnitude never before available. Cloud computing is also more flexible. Clouds can be used not only to perform specific computing tasks, but also to handle wide swaths of the technologies companies need to run their operations. Then there's efficiency: The servers are hooked to each other so they operate like a single large machine, so computing tasks large and small can be performed more quickly and cheaply than ever before.
This diagram shows side-by-side how the connections between the users and host are different for the X- and the L-series. X Series access devices connect directly to a PCI card installed in the computer. This limits the maximum number of users that can share a host to seven (one on the host and 3 connected to each of 2 PCI cards). L Series access devices connect to the host PC over Ethernet through standard networking cable, switches and routers. This lets us connect up to 30 users to a single host.
This diagram shows how the X Series would be configured for a 7 user system.
This diagram shows how the L Series would be configured for a 30 user system.
This diagram show how just 4 host PCs can provide computing for 24 students. If a student is playing Solitaire, the teacher can see it through NControl. If a student downloads a virus or pirated software, the NShield software can restore the computer to a known-good state.
Placeholder - presentation title | Date - 6 April, 2006
Placeholder - presentation title | Date - 6 April, 2006 Placeholder - Presentation title | 6 April, 2006 iSCSI boot key
The Future of Mobility in Higher Education
Enterprise Business Development Manager
MID – Natural Evolution, Not Revolution Smart Phones Mobile Internet Devices Full Internet Social Networking Personal Media Player Web applications Netbooks/Nettops eReaders (Kindle & Sony) Traditional Notebooks Connectivity Battery Life SoC Cost MIDs Always on Days of Use Lowest Cost Multiple suppliers/competition Diversity/Innovation High 150M 40% CAGR Notebooks Intermittent usage Hours of Use Higher Cost Limited suppliers Platform/lock step Mature 120M 5% CAGR
Sync Wi-Fi enabled devlices like media players or digital cameras
Share content among your Wi-Fi devices anywhere
Show content from one Wi-Fi enabled device on another Wi-Fi device. Ex. Show a streaming video from the Internet on an HDTV
Print directly to a Wi-Fi enabled printer
My WiFi technology lets your Wi-Fi enabled CE devices connect directly and securely to your notebook without having to go through a Wi-Fi network access point. Your Intel Centrino 2 processor technology based notebook is your own portable Wi-Fi network.
Intel My WiFi technology inherits the same mature security capabilities of conventional Wi-Fi (i.e. WPA, WPA2, etc)
Intel WiFi Link 5100 or Intel Ultimate N WiFi Link 5300 required – Windows Vista & Win 7
WiMAX – Extending WiMAX to Mobility 802.16e Fixed WiMAX ‘06 Nomadic WiMAX ’ 07 – ‘08 Mobile WiMAX ’ 08 – ‘09 Technology Modem Client PC-Card + Integration Notebook Full Mobile Integration Full range of Mobile Devices Outdoor & Indoor Modems + WiFi Desktop + Notebook
Typical Terminal Services/Citrix Implementation Remote Computing Branch Offices Windows Terminals and NCs Wireless Terminals and Information Appliances Web Computing Cross- Platform Desktops WinFrame & MetaFrame Server Farms
Can Support Windows CE, XP Embedded, Thin OS’s (i.e. ThinConnect) and Linux Environments.
Some are configured with NO local OS.
Can Be Configured On As Low As 16Mb Of RAM.
Same Feel As Working On a Windows Based OS – basic Windows fidelity.
Remote Computation….Server Takes Care Of All The Processing.
Works On either Citrix`s ICA (Independent Computing Architecture), Sun’s ALP (Appliance Link Protocol) Or Microsoft's RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) Protocols (Both Require Only 20Kbps Speed Over Network To Work).
User Logs Onto The Server Via Web Portal And A Familiar Windows Base Environment is Replicated to Users Screens With Access To Application, Internet, Mail, Drives, Printers, Etc.
Sun Microsystems – SunRay 2 (All based on Sun Ray OS)
Range from $349.00 to $799.00 depending on configuration
HP 5000 Series – (OS Choice: HP ThinConnect, ThinPro, Xpe or CE6) Range from $249.00 to $600.00 depending on configuration
Wyse S, V, R, G series (OS Choice: Linux, Xpe, CE6, Zero – WSM)
Range from $250.00 to $1200.00
Client Hardware Virtualization Share excess computing resources among multiple users! Turn 1 PC to up 30 Virtual PCs Capacity of the average CPU is under-utilized (using less than 10%!) < CPU meter >
NComputing Technology Enables Desktop Virtualization 1 2 3 NComputing vSpace Software runs on standard Windows or Linux host computer NComputing User Extension Protocol (UXP) delivers a secure, multi-media interface NComputing Access Terminals are slim, silent, efficient, and very low cost
Hardware Product Line Overview L-Series: Ethernet Connection X-Series: Direct Connection
Host in same room (10m)
1 watt per user
X550: Up to 11 users per host
X300: Up to 7 users per host
Highest # of users per host
Ethernet = no distance limits
5 watts per user
Up to 30 users per host computer
X Series Configuration Note: Four users can share a PC running with one X300 kit. Seven users can share with two X300 kits. Ideal environments: K-12
L Series Deployment Architecture Note: Up to 30 users can share if the host hardware is a server running a server OS (i.e. Terminal Server 2008). Ideal Environments: Some Higher Ed computer labs Connects over the LAN or WAN at any distance using an IP address
Why buy an access terminal vs. another PC
Saves Hardware cost (less expensive than a thin client and easier to deploy).
Reduces IT Maintenance
Promotes central storage networks to increase data security
Reduces Power consumption and saves energy
Essentially, never obsolete and easy to upgrade
Eliminate any down time by having multiple host PC’s
Sample Hardware Virtualized environment During Class Time, Playing a game Send a warning message to a student and close an game window by using NControl NControl can monitor student sessions, send warnings, and even close the game window Student is playing a game in class In this example, just four host PCs are needed for a lab with 24 students!
Access Terminal at student:
Powered by the Ethernet cable, so
no additional electrical needed
Generates no heat, hence no
HVAC retrofits required
Only 1 network cable drop feeds 7 students -- dramatically reducing wiring costs/time
The Components of a Software Virtual Client Solution Desktop clients run on pool of centralized servers using VMware software with Connection Broker Corporate Office or Disaster Recovery Center Developer desktops Outsourced or Branch Office PCs Unmanaged PCs Thin client desktops or laptops DevonIT 6020 or Safebook Connection Broker Wyse S10 Neoware c50
Software Client virtualization - The Building Blocks Virtual Client Solutions @ GovConnection , Inc. Virtual Desktop Server User Management (Connection Brokering / Session Management) Remote Access Protocol (RDP) Systems Integration Services Devices Operating Systems Desktops Laptops Thin Clients Server hardware & Storage
Alternative Desktop – Current Market Offerings PC like device with local processor power Server/DT Blade Display device running VMWare VDI Thin Client Server/DT Blades Virtualization Blade Server Farm Potential lowest cost, but limited function Windows experience for low graphics application Scalable and high availability Display device w/ remote processing VMWare ESX, Citrix ICA, MS RDP
SMC Client M58P Initially desktop w/o HDD Future - optimized design Total solution is “green” Lenovo Storage Array (LSA) Built on iSCSI SAN Tuned for SMC Available in Rack Workgroup LSA planned for 1H09 Evaluating future LSA Appliance
Alternative Desktop Segmentation and Positioning Windows PC Fidelity Business Functions Full Limited Repetitive Adaptive Task & Data Entry Worker Knowledge Worker Power user & Technical Worker VDI Secure Managed Client # of users Thin Clients
Alternative Desktop Sample ROI Comparison Current Cost Structure per seat HW Cost Base lined via Traditional PC SW Cost Base lined via Traditional Console 3 yr TCO Cost Facilities Cost ROI Thin Client (RDP) 52% 82% $ 1200 $ 1,700 104 % Desktop Virtualization 195% 336% $ 1800 $ 6,500 - 19 % SMC 95% 100% (+SA) $ 2100 $ 580 288 % Desktop Blade 172% to 213% 110% $ 2100 $ 8,700 - 23 % Traditional Desktop Baseline Baseline $ 7200 Minimal -