Ethical implications of new technologiesPresentation Transcript
Ian Pearson BTexact Technologies Ethical implications of new technologies
Technology racing ahead faster than our understanding Capability 1M BC 1960 2025 Science Technology
Cause of death
Traffic accident 1 in 100
Murder 1 in 300
Electrocution 1 in 5000
Air crash 1 in 20,000
Asteroid strike 1 in 20,000
Flood 1 in 30,000
Source: New Scientist, 3 Mar 01
The technology downside - are we building a Karmic debt? No. of ways of killing ourselves 1M BC 1960 2025
Dangerous technologies Are the benefits worth the risks? Nanotechnology Artificial Intelligence & Robotics Genetic Manipulation 30% chance of extinction within a century, Bill Joy, Sun Microsystems Of course, this might be an underestimate since he didn’t consider all the threats!
Manipulate matter at molecular levels
Self replicating devices
Atomically precise materials
Lightning fast computation & massive storage
Convert mud, air and water into roast beef
Could we accidentally convert people into grey goo by dismantling them. Probably not, but we may do some very serious harm. It is much easier to destroy than to build!
AI Progress Calculations Data analysis Chess Music Novels Invention Personality Art Humour Human Machine
Computer v human performance computer human brain Information processing (FLOPS) & storage (bits) -100M -1M 1940 1990 2040 time 10 3 10 6 10 9 10 12 10 15 10 18 10 21
OB1 - first generation optical brain 1 trillion neural processors in gel Free-space optical connections Neuron weighting by spectral sensitivity enables optical hormones Embedded processors driven on digital/analog threshold Use of Pauli Switches clocked by Heisenberg resonators Bathed in data field from other processors Optical ‘hormone’ Gel
Evolution techniques work just as well for criminal software
Can make use of distributed computing platform, with or without permission
Emergence encoded software
Fraud engines using ecosystem adaptation
Blackmail engines, using surveillance
Kill Poor Performers Test in Limited Environment Select Fittest Replicate with Errors
Many traditional jobs will be eradicated Most people will have to retrain
This will be a regular occurrence
Genders will not be equally affected
Many young men may feel unwanted
An anti-technology backlash is possible
Smart machines may demand and enforce rights
We won’t understand the systems around us
Terminator is technologically feasible
No longer alone, 2010-2015 homo habilis homo erectus homo sapiens neanderthalensis - 1.5M years - 125,000 years homo sapiens - 750,000 years - 40,000 years Today 50 years homo sapiens robotus primus
Can Robotus Primus truly be conscious and self aware? Is OB1 feasible?
What is its perceived purpose in life?
What should its rights (and responsibilities) be?
Will God adopt it if it is capable of free will?
Could it recognise good and evil or just follow our lead?
Potential greening of Africa, cure starvation, improve nutrition
Better foods, better animals
Disease prevention and cures
Customised pets, e.g. mix dog and cat attrributes
We could improve on DNA, add new bases, and redesign humans from scratch
Accidental or deliberate creation of harmful organisms, either directly or by unforeseen interaction with ecosystem
Possible virus crossover from computers to people
Environmental destruction could occur before we find a solution
What limits should we place on tweaking the organic world?
Hybrid custom designed humanoid life form - partly organic, partly electronic
Most of the mind runs in cyberspace so death is a reduced problem.
Body is rapidly becoming a liability
Freedom from the body is in sight
How far should we go?
Shared virtual environments Some real potential to improve our lives and reduce loneliness
Social problem - escapism Increases in rates of murder, rape and sexual assault as some people carry cyber-behaviours into real world
Text chat rooms today, VR & avatars tomorrow
Can try out different behaviours and appearances without risk
Personality disorders arising
Some people get hurt!
Finding partners - Ego badge Intelligent personal information exchange between badges Information: Names Business cards Hobbies & interests Sexual preferences Availability etc Technology: Radio; Ultrasound; Infrared Business: Making useful contacts Conference networking Finding someone at an airport Social: Night Clubs and parties Making new friends
Active contact lens - improving the visual experience
Full 3D, lifelike quality
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder
Getting together Multisensory environments People can be accepted for their minds without their appearance putting people off May produce stronger relationships
Environments can include total realism
Direct link to septal area and avoid the mess
Orgasmatron and pleasure sticks
Experiments show you can even generate love
Sensory customisation - arbitrary responses
De-humanises sexual process
Machines and sex
Ultimately, an end to sex? Body, mind, personality, cyberspace appearance will all be totally arbitrary Psycho-physical/social/emotional activity mapping will also become arbitrary We can have any experience at all from any activity at all, any time at all Relationship mechanisms will change Sex could lose its social and physical relevance and be replaced by things that are more fun
Today - Chips under the skin Chip monitors blood chemistry & nerve activity Communication with clinic computers & positioning systems e.g. Digital angel from Applied Digital Systems Allows supervision of patients after leaving hospital Can monitor condition over a long period Can be used with location & identification services
Tomorrow - Active skin system overview Permanent layer Mid-term layer Transfer layer Detachable layer Wearable layer e.g. ID, medical monitoring e.g. temporary ID, regime spec e.g. drug filters, haptics, sensors e.g. drug dispensers, interfaces e.g. displays, pagers, phones Skin Epidermis Dermis
Drug delivery via smart membrane Open conduit array Smart membrane Skin Drug Flow Open pores Smart membrane Closed pores Side view, open Side view, closed Top view, open Top view, closed Pore detail Dispensing unit control unit Smart membrane
Nerve connection for sensory monitoring and stimulation Nerve fibre Nerve fibre Thin Wire Transfer layer device Signals on nerve fibre can be intercepted, analysed, transmitted to devices at upper layer, recorded, reproduced and re-injected into nerve fibre Nerve connection Signal to & from nerve Signal to & from removable device Processing electronics Transfer layer device Side views Skin Removable layer device Processing electronics
Continued Bio-infotech progress
Telepathic linking via bionic implants
Shared consciousness, communal mind
Fuzzy boundaries between people
Use someone else’s body via mind swapping
Mind & personality exchange
The Medium, 2040 - 2050 Medium
Virtual brain extension
Full understanding of all knowledge
Shared consciousness & awareness
Shared & modified personalities?
Humans and machines
Potential to dominate
Potential to learn and develop
Free will & responsibility
Human-machine Convergence homo habilis homo erectus homo sapiens neanderthalensis - 1.5M years - 125,000 years homo sapiens - 750,000 years - 40,000 years Today homo optimus 50 years 100 years homo cyberneticus homo sapiens ludditus homo hybridus robotus primus 150 years 200 years robotus multitudinus homo machinus
Death - Under 30s may live forever
Endless replicas of self
Communication via emulators
Upload into androids
Communal mind - good or bad?
Karma by multiplication and diversification?
Free will in a telepathic world?
Implications of immortality
Creation of superhuman beings
Country A Country B Country C Cybercountry X Cybercountry Y Cybercountry Z Real World Cyberspace Non-geographic communities Pressure groups Tribalism Cyberwars
Smart e-mail, distributed to 4Bn people in under 5 minutes
Dear friend, the USA is destroying your environment through its reckless energy policy.
To support pressurising the US government to reduce emissions, just hit the YES button. Your e-commerce preferences will automatically block purchases from the USA for a period of one month
Direct action Developed world is immensely vulnerable to cyber attack E-bombs Evolving viruses, trojans, worms etc Embedded switches Information waves Correlated traffic Emergent behaviours Net based coordination Leaderless communities Automated action Smart mail