Earth Engine Demo, Powered by Google at COP15 Seeing the Forest through the Cloud The technology platform will: Increase speed . Running these algorithms today on all of the Amazon, on currently available desktop computers, can take days or weeks. On Google infrastructure this could potentially be reduced to seconds. Lower cost and complexity . Google hosts all of the required data and software "in the cloud," saving users from having to manage large-scale storage and computation resources. Facilitate transparency and security . Users control access to their data and results, with the option to keep them private. Because the data, analysis and results reside online, they can also be easily shared and independently verified. Support climate change policy . This technology could be used for forest monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) in support of efforts such as REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation).
What would it take to create: A global network of citizens who monitor Earth's resources and life supporting systems Not only satellite imagery – community surveillance as well
Environment as Early Warning for infectious disease
Environment/climate-Sensitive diseases include:
Malaria Japanese encephalitis
Rift Valley Fever
West Nile Virus
Jones et al. 2008
Mosquito Swarms Heavy Rains Livestock Cases Human Cases First Veterinary Intervention Response 19 Oct 17 Nov 14 Jan 11 Dec WHO DECLARED HUMAN INDEX CASE Risk factor GEIS EARLY WARNING OUT Cases 30 Oct 30 Nov EMPRES WARNING TO GOV’TS First medical intervention Climate and Environment Information - Provide Early Warning of Disease Rift Valley Fever outbreak, Kenya, 2006/7, >300 people died
Open-source data collection tool kit Cooperative project with UWashington (Gaetano Borriello)
Based on Android-G1/AppEngine Deployment in Kenya for 300 health workers in HIV-Aids (AMPATH) treatment and prevent program
Open Data Kit http://code.google.com/p/open-data-kit Xforms (JavaROSA) +Location, +Photos Back-end Database Initially targeting public health Empower others to customize tools
Information Technology support for Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance Network Enhancing Access to information to help identify vulnerabilities , provide early warning, and enable a rapid response
Weather Info for All
Put automated weather stations on GSM towers
19 stations East Africa by mid ’10; 500 thereafter
Global Humanitarian Forum, WMO, Ericson, Zain, Earth Institute
See video: YouTube: weather info for all
Weather report coverage
Reporting water outages: SMS feedback from consumers on service quality experiment in Zanzibar
Reoptimization of Dam Operations
To release a flow pattern that more closely mimics the natural variability in flows.
By converting dams to “run-of-the-river” operations to r e-create controlled flood events
By reoperating the entire water management system - not just the storage component.
To adapt to hydrologic perturbations associated with climate change
Completed in 1965
Height = 134 meters
Created Lake Volta, the largest reservoir in the world
Power Output = 912 MW
Today, dams must be reoptimized for other benefits: environmental performance and livelihoods.
How to construct operational models to evaluate a range of scenarios to generate environmental flows?
How to relate flow patterns to dam releases?
How to deal with variable hydrology — including future climate change
How to make all releases power releases
How to deal with constraints and limitations
i. Capacity of release works
ii. Power demands
iii. Transmission capacities
v. Effects on potential for lake perimeter agriculture
Proposed GEF dam re-operation project – www.N-H-I.org
Google Crisis Response: use of imagery Cyclone Nargis Hits Myanmar
Situation: Cyclone Nargis strikes Myanmar Before 1 week After Google Map Maker for a cause…disaster relief
Google Map Maker time lapse video Kottayam, Kerala
Example: Typhoon Ketsana, Philippines
Video news clips
Sourcing aerial imagery
Adding developing information
Data file with all the roads, POIs and businesses in Africa added in Google Map Maker
Intended for use by...
Individuals with non commercial intent
West Africa flooding, Sep 09 Typhoon Ketsana, Oct 09 UNOSAT– Mapping Flooded areas
Available soon: Airborne affordable versatile hi res imagery from a small plane
WB Development Indicators in Google Search
What to do with all this information? Most pressing constraints are not data or technology related but rather institutional, cultural, economic. Addressing information scarcity is one component of capacity to adapt or respond.
Building Institutional Bridges: Climate and Health Working Groups in Africa Summer Institute ‘ Jun 08 Ethiopia CHWG Sep 2008 Madagascar CHWG Oct 08 Kenya CHWG Dec 08 International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Earth Institute
who is doing what, where?
Most adaptation will be learned from what others are doing.
www.weADAPT.org . Prototype developed by BCAS, ICCAD, IIED, OSS, START, UCT and others.
Climate adaptation increasingly at the core of development and poverty alleviation
Information scarcity key challenge in managing climate risk
Information technology can play an important role in addressing the information scarcity problem.