Detecon Newsletter
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Detecon Newsletter Detecon Newsletter Document Transcript

  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 1 Introduction Welcome to the 1st issue of the End User Devices newsletter in 2009. Like in the last few years the end user devices world was also very active in the past months. On the Soft- ware Platform side we will take a look to the latest movements at Android, Windows Mo- bile and some others. On the hardware side one topic of this newsletter will be the development at the low po- wer consumption chipsets where the main players, Intel on the one side and ARM on the other side, try to evolve to new markets. Finally, we provide an overview of new services and the market shares in the mobile en- vironment. Seite 1 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Technical Trends Software Platforms Since the launch of the first Android device from HTC at the end of last year, some mo- re vendors have launched or announced Android devices, e.g. Samsung with the “Gal- axy”, Huawei (will be sold in Germany as “T-Mobile Pulse”), Sony Ericsson with the suc- cesor of the Windows Mobile phone Xperia X1, the so-called Xperia X10, and Motorola, which seem to focus their new device strategy in the smartphone segment to Android, and have announced meanwhile three Android devices. Most of the announced or launched devices seem to vary only by the color of the case (or the plastics) and the question if they have a dedicated full-featured keyboard or not. They were all using more or less the same hardware platform with a 500MHz processor and also other specs very similarly, like the screen resolution. The first device that could open for Android also lower (smartphone) segments, will be the T-Mobile Pulse, manufactured by Huawei, which has lower memory (256 MB RAM) and a lower camera resolution than the latest Android devices from other vendors. Figure 1: T-Mobile Pulse by Huawei. Source: T-Mobile Seite 2 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Also Google was not lazy in the development of Android itself: meanwhile they have launched Android 1.5 (which brought e.g. the support for dedicated full-featured key- boards to Android devices) and 1.6 with e.g. support for Virtual Private Networks. An- droid 2.0, a major platform release, will bring in Q4/ 2009 Outlook Exchange support, more camera features, a refreshed browser with HTML5 support and Bluetooth 2.1 with some more Bluetooth profiles. The most important question will be if the vendors will support the upgrade to Android 2.0 with their “old” devices, as they did in the past with Android 1.5 and 1.6. As known, Android does not use a standard Java virtual machine for executing native Android application on a device. This has the advantage for Google of not paying license fees to Sun. It has the disadvantage of incompatibility with the J2ME standard with the consequence, that no J2ME application will run “out-of-the-box” on an Android device. To overcome this situation, german software company Enough Software offers with J2MEPolish an automated porting tool to bring J2ME application native to the Android platform. J2MEPolish exchanges automatically calls to J2ME specific functions with call to the according call in the Android virtual machine. J2MEPolish is distributed as Open Source Software und the GNU Public License (GPL) and is for commercial use also available with commercial licenses. Even if LiMo is not so much in the focus of the news like android, there was evolution around the platform in the last month. From the announcement of six major operators (NTT DoCoMo, Telefonica, Orange, SK Telecom, Verizon Wireless and Vodafone) to launch LiMo powered devices early this year to the release of the long awaited LiMo R2 specification, that closes some gaps left from LiMo R1 specification. LiMo also got four new members on board: Telefonica, SK Telecom, KDDI and Immer- sion. The LiMo Foundation decided, to adopt the BONDI standard from the Open Mobile Ter- minal Project (OMTP) as widget implementation to LiMo. BONDI let web widgets inter- face in a secure and standardized way with the native mobile phone functionality and the mobile phone hardware. Even if Steve Ballmer was not very satisfied with the new Windows Mobile 6.5 (“We screwed it up”), he is still confident that the upcoming Windows Mobile 7 (announced for Q1/ 2010), can do the expected job as “iPhone killer” to get back the market share in the mobile phone market Microsoft lost mainly to Apple. Seite 3 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Windows Mobile 6.5 was launched in October and introduced a new, more finger-friendly user interface with larger icons in a “Zune style” (Microsoft’s mp3 player as an answer to the Apple iPod). Many device manufacturers announced to launch mobile phones with Windows Mobile 6.5 or to upgrade to Windows Mobile 6.5 for their “older” models, e.g. HTC. Figure 2: Windows Mobile 6.5 standard start screen. Source: Microsoft Seite 4 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Windows Mobile 7 will introduce the “chassis concept” where hardware requirements for device segments are defined on a very detailed level. In the moment, there seem to be only 2 chassis. Up to now, the hardware requirements in these chassis were only for high end smart- phones (e.g. dual core processors and big touch screens with a high resolution). These high requirements are a hint that Windows Mobile 7 will not replace Windows Mobile 6.5 completely but complement it for high end devices. The user interface of Windows Mobile 7 will be a complete redesign as Microsoft stated and some rumors say that this new user interface will base on Silverlight 3, Microsoft’s application environment for rich internet applications but there are still no pictures avail- able. Since June Apple delivers the new iPhone 3G S whereas the “S” stands for “speed”. Apple accelerated not only the ARM processor from 412 MHz to 600 MHz but also the maximum data transfer rates in HSDPA mode from 3.6 MBit to 7.2 MBit. The camera got also an update from 2 to 3MPix and the case got some “cosmetic” changes. The biggest change at the new iPhone model is the new major release of its firmware, the iPhone OS v3. This software upgrade is also available for the former iPhone models and the iPod Touch. The new features of iPhone OS 3 are: • Voice control (only with iPhone 3G S) • Tethering over USB and Bluetooth: the iPhone can be used as a modem to con- nect a PC to the internet via UMTS/ HSDPA • New Bluetooth profiles • Support for copy and paste • Video recording in camera app • Encryption of the content on the iPhone (only iPhone 3G S) • Support for HTML5 in Safari Browser • And support for more languages, e.g. Arabic, Greek, Hebrew and Thai The Symbian Foundation has announced 14 new members, amongst others Hewlett- Packard, Qualcomm, MySpace, SanDisk and the Bank of America. The fact that Qual- comm has joined the Nokia initiated Symbian Foundation is remarkable, as Qualcomm and Nokia had in the past a long tradition of law suits about 3G intellectual properties. Seite 5 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 The Symbian Foundation has also made some progress in the move to open source: at the end of October they announced the availability of the Symbian Microkernel EKA2 (the “heart” of the Symbian platform) under the standard open source license “Eclipse Public License” (EPL). This was originally planned for mid 2010. At the same time the according SDK was released According to a member of the leadership team of the Symbian Foundation, David Wood, a future major release of Symbian, Symbian^4, will break binary compatibility with S60 completely. Symbian^4 will use Qt as the preferred programming environment for many parts of the Symbian app development. The current version of Symbian is called Sym- bian^1 with Symbian^2 as the first version based on the source code from the Symbian Foundation. Figure 3: Symbian Roadmap until 2011. Source: Symbian Foundation Nokia announced the new version 4.6 of its graphical cross-platform framework Qt. Sin- ce the acquisition of the former owner of Qt, the Norwegian company Trolltech in June 2008, Nokia develops Qt consequently to a new standard application environment for their Symbian and Maemo based mobile phones. On the one hand Nokia is changing the standard graphical framework in Maemo from “gtk” now to Qt, on the other hand the Symbian Foundation also announced to move from Series 60 to Qt in Symbian OS as programming environment. Qt is also available for Windows Mobile and in the PC world it supports application development on Windows, MacOS X and Linux. Seite 6 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Maemo is the Linux platform from Nokia for mobile internet devices (MIDs) and high-end smartphones represented by their latest model N900, which will be launched in Novem- ber this year. Another cross-platform approach for mobile ecosystems is the open source framework Rhodes from startup Rhomobile, available for Windows Mobile, iPhone, BlackBerry, Symbian, and Android platforms. Rhodes supports application development in HTML and Ruby by combining a HTML coding framework with a Ruby Interpreter. Rhodes al- lows access to some native mobile phone functionality like GPS, PIM data and camera and is said to be especially applicable with hosted enterprise application1 backends. Rhodes includes a local database to enable users to work offline with synchronized local data. It is available under a dual licensing principle with the Gnu Public License (GPL) v3 for non-commercial use and commercial licensing options for commercial use. Hardware and Chipsets Texas Instruments has released the OMAP 4 mobile chipset family with support for 1080p HD resolution video record and playback and 20 megapixel imaging. The core of the OMAP 4 is the new ARM based Cortex A9 multiprocessor core which can be run at 1 GHz and above. It is combined with a TI Digital Signal Processor (DSP) and an Image Signal Processor to provide the following features: • Symmetric multi processing • Full 1080p HD record and playback • Comprehensive energy saving mechanisms: • 10+ hours of 1080p HD video playback • 4+ hours of 1080p HD video recording • 140+ hours of CD quality audio playback • (Hardware-)Support for 3D user interfaces • Support for different Linux Variants (LiMo, Android), Symbian, Windows Mobile Also Samsung has announced a new, energy saving processor, targeted to the market of mobile devices. The S5PC110 runs with up to 1 GHZ, has a built in 3D graphics ac- celerator with 1080p full HD codec and a digital HDMI interface. The S5PC110 “Hum- mingbird” is based on the single core ARM architecture Cortex-A8. 1 Software as a Service, SaaS Seite 7 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Nokia, as one of the pioneers in integration of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips in their mobile phones, has announced to integrate RFID chips soon in nearly all their devices to improve the efficiency of device tracking and management from assem- bly to recycling. Intel has released the specifications of their next Atom generation “Pineview”. The big- gest difference to the current Atom generation is the integration of all interfaces and the graphics processor into the Pineview CPU (the current Atom platform needs three chips: Atom CPU, Northbridge and Southbridge for interfacing). The Thermal Design Power (TDP) will be decreased from 16 Watt to 7 Watt and the average power consumption will be at 2 – 4 Watt. The focus of Intel for this new Atom generation is definitely on energy saving and integration as the frequencies will stay at 1.66 GHz (like the current Atom N280). Seite 8 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Market Trends Services Nokia has re-launched the Ovi application store for Symbian S60 mobile phones. As it was already possible to load S60 application from an app store at Nokia’s website since the launch of S60 3rd edition, this time Nokia is following the Apple way. The user has to download and install first the app store application to the phone and can search after- wards for any application on the phone within this application (like the preinstalled app store application on the iPhone). Also the revenue share for paid apps follows the Apple example: the application developer will get 70% and Nokia will keep 30% of the sales revenue. Nokia has also announced the Nokia Home Control Center. It enables a home owner to build a technology neutral smart home that can be controlled with a Symbian S60 mo- bile phone, using a unified user interface for all smart home services. The first demon- stration illustrated the control of security sensors like motion detector, electronic lock and cameras. Figure 4: Nokia's vision of controlling the smart home. Source: Nokia Seite 9 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 The Swedish company Accumulate has implemented a client for mobile phones for the OpenID standard. OpenID is a web based single-sign-on platform that lets users log in to different web sites and services with only one user name and password. The mobile client from Accumulate is Java based and therefore supports all Java enabled mobile phones like Nokia Series 40 and Series 60, Blackberry devices and Windows Mobile de- vices. The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC), an industry group compris- ing banks, technology vendors, researchers and government organizations, has an- nounced to develop a new standard for secure mobile payment. The goal of the project is to develop standards and processes that enable banking customers to pay a merchant or another bank customer securely using their mobile phone, no matter what type of mo- bile phone or which carrier is used. Mobile payment methods soon will become more widespread, especially in countries where not everybody has a bank account, allowing consumers to pay all kind of busi- nesses. Some device vendors have already released such services together with dedi- cated mobile network operators, but there is still no standard available to solve problems like: • What happens if the mobile phone is lost/ stolen? Could the finder/ thief initiate payments? Could malicious software be installed before the device is returned back? • How to authenticate payments between two mobile phones from different ven- dors? To solve these problems is on the agenda of the FSTC but it is neither expected to be an easy task nor could they achieve their goal without any kind of special chip for authenti- cation, comparable with the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) in the PC. Market share In the 2nd quarter 2009, Nokia still holds the leadership in the global handset market with a market share of 37.8% of mobile phones sold worldwide, which is a loss of 3.2% com- pared with Q2/ 2008. Samsung took the 2nd place, following Nokia with 19.2% market share. This is a win for Samsung of 3.8% in comparison to Q2 in the last year. LG claimed the 3rd place with 10.9% which is also a win of 1.6% to the 2nd quarter in the last year. The market share of Motorola decreased significantly from 9.5% in Q2 last year to 5.4% now, but even with this loss they got the 4th place in market share. Seite 10 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Sony Ericsson as seeded on fifth place had also a decrease in market share from 8.2% to 5.1%. On the next positions ZTE is one remarkable “newbie” in the device market with a mar- ket share of 3% and 8.2 mn sold devices. RIM, Apple and HTC seem to have a relatively small market share, but it should be not forgotten, that these vendors are selling smartphones only and in the case of Apple, only one model at the time. The volume of sold handsets in the global market has decreased: from 297.3 mn devices in the 2nd quarter 2008 to 272.8 mn devices in the same quarter this year Global Handset Marketshare Q2/2009 Apple 1,9% HTC 1,0% Nokia Huawei 2,3% others 10,4% Samsung RIM 2,9% LG ZTE 3,0% Motorola Nokia 37,8% SonyEricsson SonyEricsson 5,1% ZTE Motorola 5,4% RIM Huawei Samsung 19,2% Apple LG 10,9% HTC others Seite 11 / 12
  • Detecon Newsletter Ausgabe 01 / 2009 Sources/ Remarks [1] http://www.heise.de [2] http://www.teltarif.de [3] http://www.chip.de [4] http://www.xonio.com [5] http://www.windowsfordevices.com [6] http://www.linuxdevices.com [7] http://www.openhandsetalliance.com [8] http://www.symbianfoundation.org [9] http://www.microsoft.com Contacts Manfred Schmitz (CI-MA), Claus Eßmann (CI-MA) Seite 12 / 12