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  • 1.
    • Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place) Alexander Gostev Director, Global Research and Analysis Team Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 2. Cyberthreat Landscape in 2009 Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
  • 3. 2009 – Main Trend Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place) The number of new malware samples, detected year over year Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010 Source: Kaspersky Lab Relative stability replaces massive increases in the amount of new malware
  • 4. 2009 – Malware Numbers in Review Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
      • 1992 – 2007 > detected about 2 mln
      • unique malware programs
      • But in 2008 alone – 15 mln
      • In 2009 - about 33,9 mln unique
      • malicious files in the Kaspersky Lab
      • collection
      • 2009: 15 mln new files again (same as 2008 – flat growth rate)
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 5. Reasons for the Stable Growth Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • The pace of malware development slowed significantly
    • Increased competition in the malware market
      • a big decline in gaming Trojans
    • The successful work of:
      • law enforcement
      • regulatory structures
      • and the antivirus industry
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 6. Outcomes in 2009 Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
  • 7. S ophisticated M alware Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • An increase in sophisticated malicious programs
      • Sinowal
      • TDSS
      • Clampi
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 8. Global Outbreaks Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • T he following malicious programs affected more than 1 million computers in 2009:
    • Kido (worm)
    • Sality (virus)
    • Brontok (worm)
    • Mabezat (worm)
    • Parite.b (virus)
    • Virut.ce (virus-bot)
    • Sohanad (worm)
    • TDSS.z (rootkit)
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 9. Kido - Conficker Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
      • Kido epidemic – all of 2009
      • November 2009 – over 7 mln infected systems
      • Conficker Working Group - the first example of broad
      • international cooperation
    Source: www.shadowserver.org Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 10. Gumblar – a Self-Spreading Website Botnet
    • Significant outbreak - hit tens of thousands of web
    • resources
    • Came in waves
    Gumblar tiers Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • Evolution:
    • Visitors to legal websites re-directed to infected illegal malicious servers.
    • Users re-directed from legal websites to infected, but legal websites.
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010 Gumblar – a fully automated system
  • 12. Internet based fraud - SMS Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
      • Websites offering services:
          • Locate people via GSM
          • Read private messages in social networks
          • Collect data, and more
      • SMS can cost up to $10
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 13. Internet Based Fraud – Fake AV Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place) Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
    • Fake AV boom – spread via:
      • Internet ads
      • Malware such
      • as Kido
    • Fake AV revenues in 2009 - 150 mln. USD*
    *Source: Internet Crime Complaint Center
  • 14. Alternative Platforms – Mac OS Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • The first Trojan - OSX.RSPlug.A (Trojan-Downloader.OSX. Jahlav)
    • The first rogue AV solution - Imunizator
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 15. Alternative Platforms - Mobile
    • First malicious programs for iPhone
    • (Ike worms)
    • First piece of spyware for Android (Mobile spy)
    • First crypto-signed malware for Symbian
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010 2008 2009 30 new families 39 new families 143 new variants 257 new variants
  • 16. Alternative Platforms – ATMs Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • The first B ackdoor for ATM – Backdoor.Win32.Skimer
      • Stole money
      • Stole credit card data
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 17. Forecasts for 2010 Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
  • 18. Change in Attack Vector Click to edit Master title style
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    • Attacks via email;
    • Internet/network attacks;
    • Attacks via websites (including social networks)
    2010 - a significant increase of attacks via file-sharing networks - P2P and torrents Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 19. Growing complexity Click to edit Master title style
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          • Malware will become much more sophisticated
          • IT security companies develop even more complex protection tools
          • Immune malware
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 20. Attacks on Google Wave Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place) Usual pattern Sending spam Phishing attacks Exploiting vulnerabilities and Spreading malware Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 21. Alternative Platforms - Mobile Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
    • Rise in mobile threats for iPhone and Android
    • Android - no effective checks in place to ensure third-party software applications are secure
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 22. AV industry trends Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place)
  • 23. In-the-Cloud Security Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
      • Technological advance
      • Protects users
      • BUT
      • Potential IP abuse
      • Will be attacked
  • 24. International Collaboration
      • AV + educators, law enforcement,
      • ISP & so on
      • AV vendors educate about security
      • AV vendors help solve cybercrime
    • Results:
      • IT security awareness
      • Conficker Working Group
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 25. Summary: Forecasts for 2010
      • Kido remaining an active global epidemic
      • Significant increase of attacks through P2P networks
      • Emergence of more "grey" schemes in the botnet services market
      • Attacks via Google Wave
      • Rise in mobile threats for iPhone and Android
    Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010
  • 26.
    • Director, Global Research and Analysis Team
    Thank you! Questions? Click to edit Master title style
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    June 10 th , 2009 Event details (title, place) Alexander Gostev Kaspersky Lab International Press Tour “Cyberthreat Landscape 2009: Outcomes, Trends and Forecasts”, Moscow, January 28-31, 2010