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    capath_panel_wivec08.ppt capath_panel_wivec08.ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Vehicular Wireless Communication Technology: Who Pays? Susan Dickey, Ph. D Software Functional Manager California PATH/UC Berkeley [email_address] Panel presentation WiVec, Sept 22, 2008, Calgary
    • Presentation topics
      • Describe vehicular communication research history and challenges at California PATH (Partners for Advance Transit and Highways)
      • Present current VII (Vehicle Infrastructure Integration) California testbed and GEMS (Group-enabled Mobility and Safety) activities
      • Discuss challenges for funding initial DSRC/WAVE deployment and some application ideas
        • Note: Ideas are the author’s own and not necessarily those of her funding agencies.
    • Safety & Mobility Challenges in California
      • Safety
        • 1 Million vehicle crashes each year
        • 210,000 are injury-crashes, with 4,000 Fatalities
        • About 25% of fatalities occur at intersections, another 25% are lane/roadway departures
        • Total Cost: more than $25 Billion per year
      • Mobility
        • 560,000 hours of delay on average each day
        • 30% of this delay is caused by incidents
        • Total Cost: more than $21 Billion per year
      Caltrans Improves Mobility Across California
    • Wireless Communications: a tool to meet these challenges
      • Research at California PATH has been investigating wireless communications, vehicle to vehicle and vehicle to roadside, for some time
        • Automated Highway Systems (1997-2003)
        • Active Safety Systems (2002-present)
          • Cooperative Intersection Collision Avoidance Systems/Smart Intersections
          • Situational Awareness
        • VII California Testbed (2004-present)
        • Connected Traveler (2008-present)
    • Vehicular Networking Prototypes
      • Situational awareness (WiFi, 2004), blind spot/ lane assist, intersection assistant, neighboring vehicle map real-time
      R2V, V2R communications (Denso WAVE Radio Module, 2004), broadcast freeway exit info and signage, vehicle send speed and location
    • California PATH Smart Intersection (2004-present)
      • Initially WiFi was used to deliver in-vehicle warnings and enable SV/POV/RSE communication for driver behavior research.
      • Kapsch-TraffiCom IEEE 1609 capable MCNU has been installed (on pole at lower right of intersection)
    • VII California Test Bed (2005 to Present)
      • 60 miles right of way
      • Denso and Kapsch RSE
      • Test bed applications:
        • Traveler information using 511
        • Electronic payment and toll collection
        • Ramp metering
        • Cooperative Intersection Collision Avoidance
        • Curve Over-Speed warning
        • HA-NDGPS
        • Vehicle information and diagnostics
      • Public agency and auto industry partners.
    • The “Connected Traveler” (2008): two projects to get results now
      • “ Mobile Millennium” (CCIT)
        • Builds upon the success of the “Mobile Century” Experiment
        • Very much a “Private Sector” business model
        • Public Sector becomes just another consumer of the traffic data
      • “ Group-Enabled Mobility and Safety” (GEMS) (PATH)
        • A “Gateway” connects the consumer mobile device in the vehicle to roadside infrastructure
        • The Gateway enables new transit services too
          • Several transit agencies are very interested in these services
        • The Public Sector seeks to be the catalyst in triggering Private Sector development
    • Connected Traveler: Who is paying?
      • Public Partners: USDOT, Caltrans,Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC), Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA),San Mateo County Transit District (Samtrans)
      • Academic Partners: California Center for Innovative Transportation (CCIT), Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH)
      • Private Partners: Nokia, NAVTEQ, Nissan
        • Total Project Budget: $12.4 million
        • Federal Share: $2.9 million
        • Caltrans Share: $4.2 million
        • Nokia Share: $2.5 million
        • NAVTEQ Share: $2.0 million
        • UC Berkeley Share: $700 thousand
        • Nissan Share: $30 thousand
    • GEMS: Multi-Network Wi-Fi RSE Internet Server Gateway GPS Handset Gateway in other car Ad-hoc Ad-hoc DSRC RSE Bluetooth Wi-Fi DSRC Backhaul
    • GEMS:Multi-Device Browser based
          • www.connected-traveler.org/tellmeaboutmyroad
          • www.connected-traveler.org/bestroute
          • www.connected-traveler.org/sendprobedata
    • GEMS Plans for the Next Year
      • GEMS Services will be demonstrated at ITSA World Congress, November 16-20, 2008, New York City
      • Field Evaluation Plans Underway
      • Safety:
        • Safety Advisories
        • Pedestrian Watch Out for Me
      • Mobility and ePayment
        • Bridge Tolling
        • Integrated Plan: Transit Diversion  Smart Parking  BART NFC Payment
        • South Bay
          • Valley Transportation Authority (CMA with HOT Lane Plans)
          • Stanford Area
            • Stanford Margeurite Shuttle
            • Surrounding Trip Generation Points
    • Who is going to buy DSRC/WAVE?
      • Many soft safety/mobility applications can be done w/o high availability/low latency (DSRC/WAVE) communication .
      • Hard safety applications cannot be done until most vehicles have it.
      • No “rational consumer” will be an early adopter, (unless it is “trendy”?)
      • Will government pay?
      U.S. consumer spending on transportation is estimated at over 860 billion annually . ($7825 per household in 2002)
    • The Trend to Ubiquitous Information
      • Geo-enabled award recipients: Android Handset Developer Challenge
      • cab4me enables you to easily order a cab to your current location with a single click, worldwide.
      • BreadCrumbz shows you real pictures of your route as you navigate
      • Pocket Journey is the mobile application for delivery of, and the marketplace for, high quality, location-specific multimedia .
      • Pebblebox allows the user to publish and discover local events, theater schedules, housing, restaurants
      • Ecorio automatically tracks your mobile carbon footprint, suggests transit and carpooling alternatives.
      • Piggyback is a real-time carpooling application for mobile phones.
    • Using the 5.9 Ghz ITS DSRC band for transportation infrastructure applications
      • A variety of special uses to bootstrap use of DSRC until there is a critical mass of equipped vehicles and RSE services.
      • DSRC for late-night traffic signal actuation (cheaper than loop detectors, a “carrot” for drivers to buy it)
      • Curve overspeed warnings and other special alerts for heavy vehicle fleets
      • Transit applications (no need for kiosks or central servers for arrival time or connection info)
      • Signal Phase and Timing broadcasts, as well as alerts and V2V communication, for public safety and emergency vehicle fleets.
      • What else?
    • For more information, please refer to: viicalifornia.org This slide presentation is at: vii.path.berkeley.edu/1609_wave/wivec08 Let’s talk about it! Thank you!