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  • 1. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Android - open source mobile platform Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> http://www.thangorodrim.de/ Chemnitzer Linux-Tage 2009 Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 1 / 22
  • 2. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary overview 1 Android - the platform 2 G1 - the first hardware 3 Phone - the user experience 4 SDK - the developer perspective 5 Summary Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 2 / 22
  • 3. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Disclaimer: I am working as a sysadmin for Google. I am not involved with the Android project. However, I am an enthusiastic Android user. Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 3 / 22
  • 4. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Open Handset Alliance alliance of mobile operators and handset manufacturers http://openhandsetalliance.com/ Building a better phone for consumers Innovating in the open Android delivers the software stack Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 4 / 22
  • 5. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Android - overview a complete mobile software stack: kernel (OS, hardware support, . . . ) middleware (user interface, communications, storage, . . . ) applications (dialer, contacts, browser, . . . ) easily extendable via 3rd party applications an open mobile platform All applications are created equal. Fast & easy application development. Breaking down application boundaries. open source platfrom (mostly Apache 2.0 license) platform supports wide array of features, individual devices however may vary (depending on manufacturer, network) Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 5 / 22
  • 6. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary feature checklist - hardware standard USB interface, including USB 2.0 Bluetooth 2.0 EDR Camera for still image & video capture HVGA display (480x320), 16 bit color depth, touch screen QWERTY keyboard, extra buttons (call, camera, . . . ) audio out via headphone jack GPS additional sensors (accelerometer, compass) removable storage Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 6 / 22
  • 7. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary feature checklist - communications radio support: GPRS, EDGE, GSM, UMTS, HSDPA SMS, MMS international roaming emergency calls supplementary services (e.g. call waiting, conference calls) 802.11 b/g Wi-Fi support for TCP/IP Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 7 / 22
  • 8. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary feature checklist - software environment Linux kernel and (reduced) user land Dalvik VM optimized for mobile devices optimized 2D graphics, OpenGL ES 1.0 for 3D graphics SQLite for structured storage media support: MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG, GIF Webkit based browser integrated email client: POP3, IMAP4, SMTP rich set of preinstalled applications user installable 3rd party applications via Android Market Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 8 / 22
  • 9. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary HTC G1 - the first Android phone Qualcomm MSM7210A @ 528 MHz 256MB ROM / 192MB RAM Quad-band GSM/GPRS/EDGE Dual-band UMTS/HSDPA (3G) Full HSDPA (7.2 MBit/s ↓, 2 MBit/s ↑) WiFi 802.11 b/g Bluetooth 2.0 with EDR GPS capabilities 3.2-inch touchscreen @ 320 x 480 (HVGA) 3.2-megapixel camera microSD memory card (SD 2.0 compatible) Digital Compass, Motion Sensor Lithium-ion battery: 1150 mAh Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 9 / 22
  • 10. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary HTC G1 ... continued also known as the HTC Dream first introduced in USA and UK now available in Germany, Austria, Singapore, Australia, . . . branding (e.g. Amazon MP3 store in USA) localizations (e.g. QWERTZ keyboard in Germany) Android Dev Phone 1: fully unlocked (SIM-lock, root) G1 Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 10 / 22
  • 11. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Android phone out of the box requires Google Account for all features (Google services) Google services well integrated: Calendar, Mail, Talk, Maps (including Street View), Youtube preinstalled applications: Google Services (see above) phone applications: contacts, dialer media applications: music & media player, camera app browser, email client Android Market ... easy installation of 3rd party applications via Android Market ”connected phone” - data contract strongly recommended Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 11 / 22
  • 12. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Additional applications available via Android market (over the air from the phone) a lot of free applications, paid applications started in USA, UK both applications and games various very good & useful applications both ”conventional” applications & extensions of the system: e.g. SnapPhoto as a better camera application e.g. PhotoBeam extends ”Share Pictures” with upload Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 12 / 22
  • 13. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Google services integration Google Mail syncs mail to the phone read & write mail on the phone Google Calendar syncs between calendar & phone Google Talk: reachable for IM on the phone address book synced between phone and Google Mail sync in background, notification for IM, Mail, Calendar Youtube on the phone Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 13 / 22
  • 14. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary development overview programming language for Android applications: Java no C or C++ – Android API only available via Java Dalvik VM on device, optimized for mobile systems Android SDK 1.1 available for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux SDK and documentation available for free SDK integrated with Eclipse, usable without it as well Android device emulator part of SDK extensive online documentation Android Developer Phone 1: fully unlocked developer phone (SIM, root) for registered developers, USD 399 Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 14 / 22
  • 15. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary application model each application runs in its own process and own VM Dalvik VM optimizes memory usage (page sharing, . . . ) unique uid per application, application files are private but: mechanism for for data sharing exist applications can also extend existing functionality applications consist of well defined components Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 15 / 22
  • 16. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary application components activity: visual user interface for one focused endeavour example: music player control panel, media file selector service: runs in background, no user interface example: play music in background broadcast receiver: listen for broadcast messages example: low battery message content provider: make application data available to other applications, with standard syntax and result access example: access to contact list entries Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 16 / 22
  • 17. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary application lifecycle processes subject to GC, can be killed under memory pressure priority for survival: 1 foreground (activity visible, interacting with user) 2 visible (activity visible to user) 3 service 4 background (activity stopped, no interaction, not visible) 5 empty (precreated to speed up application start or exited) intention: minimize user visible impact applications should be restartable, keep live state Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 17 / 22
  • 18. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Android Market user access via Market application on device howto publish applications to Android users: register as developer (one time USD 25) upload & publish currently free applications globally paid applications coming, currently USA and UK payments handled via Google Checkout Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 18 / 22
  • 19. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Summary complete software stack for mobile devices platform under Open Source licenses well integrated with Google services easily available 3rd party software freely available SDK Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 19 / 22
  • 20. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary URLs Open Handset Alliance http://www.openhandsetalliance.com/ Android Developer http://developer.android.com/ Android Source http://android.git.kernel.org/ HTC http://www.htc.com/ Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 20 / 22
  • 21. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Acknowledgements Android image from Android developer website HTC G1 data & image from http://www.htc.com/ Open Handset Alliance website Android developer website Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 21 / 22
  • 22. Android - the platform G1 - the first hardware Phone - the user experience SDK - the developer perspective Summary Questions? Questions? Alexander Schreiber <als@thangorodrim.de> Android - open source mobile platform 22 / 22