Global Focus on Knowledge Lecture Series Information Changes the World Why Information Technology Now ? the 2 nd  day Hiro...
Information Foundation Information Society Information Machinery Word Computer Printing Network Multimedia Personal Comput...
  Basic Theme Now, information technology is in a drastic developmental progress. Let us see this in terms of 10 years, 10...
  October 18 th       Computer After Its 60 th  Birthday      ( Reviewing the history of information in terms of 10 years....
Observing progress of IT in terms of 10 years … Let’s review the last lecture.
The Age of IBM (1975-1985)    informatization of business  by host computer The Age of Multimedia (1985-1995) informatizat...
Contents are the new leader of IT Paradigm shift in IT industries Number of users (unit: million) System-centered PC-cente...
Let us see how technology has developed in terms of 100 years.
Can we predict technology in terms of 100 years? Could anyone predict today’s technologies 100 years ago?
Sports Hochi “Predictions of the 20 th  Century” Jan 2 nd , 3 rd , 1901   23 predictions
 
・ 2.5 hours travel between Tokyo and Kobe on railway ・ Free conversation between humans and animals ・ Rainstorm can be wip...
1825 1903 1885 1946 1969 What Came True   transportation, communication ( railway, car ) What Didn’t   conversation  with ...
  aviation     1903  Wright brothers   |   1927 Lindberg   ↓   1949 jet plane   ↓   ↓   1969 Concorde      space     1944 ...
In each age, there was a technology in-season.
  aviation     1903 Wright Brothers   |   1927 Lindberg   ↓   1949 jet plane   ↓   ↓   1969 Concorde      space     1944 V...
Development of Railway Technology   railway     1814 steam locomotive   |   1825 railway opened   ↓ ( everywhere in Europe...
  aviation     1903  Wright brothers   |   1927 Lindberg   ↓   1949 jet plane   ↓   ↓   1969 Concorde      space     1944 ...
1969 Concorde   1969 the first flight   2000 the accident   2003 the last flight Nuclear Ship “Mutsu”   1969 launched   19...
1968  Douglas Engelbart     NLS( oN Line System ) demo of interactive computer 1969 ARPANET  started       ( the Pentagon ...
Seasons of technology was inevitable current of history.
Modern Ages 16-17 th  C : Age of Geographical Discovery ( from geocentric theory to heliocentric theory )     1543 Coperni...
Competition for Dominance of the World ・ Domination of the Land     Mongol (13-14c), Ottoman Turks(15-16c) ・ Domination of...
Now, information technology is in its season. This is not just a temporary boom. It is an inevitable current of history.
In the past, England who won out in the age of sea had experienced industrial revolution.   21 st  century, the age of inf...
What is happening  in this age of information ? Information Explosion
Now, let me introduce  Dr. Kitsuregawa.
 
Summary Here
Industrial Revolution ・ Primary Industrial Revolution  ( late 18C-early 19C)      1765   Watt steam engine    mechanizatio...
You are the next leaders.
This is it for today. Thank you for listening.
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03harashima2eng.ppt

  1. 1. Global Focus on Knowledge Lecture Series Information Changes the World Why Information Technology Now ? the 2 nd day Hiroshi Harashima
  2. 2. Information Foundation Information Society Information Machinery Word Computer Printing Network Multimedia Personal Computer Communication Internet Database Simulation Virtual Reality Search Engine Mobile Ubiquitous Artificial Inteligence Life Brain Cyborg Community Medical System Net Society Information Explosion e-administration Electric Money Information Economics Globalization Environment Industry Robot Body Expression Physicality Contents Media Art Entertainment Movie Music New Art “ Otaku” Culture Museum Intellectual Property Journalism Picture Cognition Information Changes the World   - the Global View - Ikuo Takeuchi “ Interface of Information and Art” Information Culture Osamu Sudo “ Information Explosion and Creation of New Network Society” Tomomasa Sato “ Robot, Information and Life” Knowledge of Information Hiroshi Harashima “ Why Information Technology Now?” Hiroshi Komiyama “ The University and Information”  - Information Changes Learning - Paper Telecommunication Information Gap Security Public Media Information Distribution Science Calculation Anime Game Drama Public Art Education Manga Film WEB2.0 Intelligent Robot Android Digital Human Mass Media Environmental Robot Neural Network Industrial production Ultimate Frontier Robot Life-supporting Robot Cell Production-supporting Robot Industrial Robot
  3. 3.   Basic Theme Now, information technology is in a drastic developmental progress. Let us see this in terms of 10 years, 100 years and 1000 years. Why is this ?
  4. 4.   October 18 th     Computer After Its 60 th Birthday      ( Reviewing the history of information in terms of 10 years.)   October 25 th     What Is Going on with Information Technology?      ( Consider the present age in terms of 100 years.)   Guest : Masaru Kitsuregawa Institute of Industrial Science   November 1 st    How Would a Historian Locate Information Technology ?      ( Look toward the future in terms of 1000 years. ) Agenda
  5. 5. Observing progress of IT in terms of 10 years … Let’s review the last lecture.
  6. 6. The Age of IBM (1975-1985)   informatization of business by host computer The Age of Multimedia (1985-1995) informatization of person by personal computer   The Age of Network (1995-2005)   informatization of society by internet, broadband The Age of Scientific Computation (1965-1975)   informatization of science by computing system The History of Computer in Terms of 10 Years 1946  ENIAC  ( the University of Pennsylvania )
  7. 7. Contents are the new leader of IT Paradigm shift in IT industries Number of users (unit: million) System-centered PC-centered network-centered contents-centered Information technology aims for culture. IBM     Microsoft    Google, Yahoo!   ・・・・・ 
  8. 8. Let us see how technology has developed in terms of 100 years.
  9. 9. Can we predict technology in terms of 100 years? Could anyone predict today’s technologies 100 years ago?
  10. 10. Sports Hochi “Predictions of the 20 th Century” Jan 2 nd , 3 rd , 1901   23 predictions
  11. 12. ・ 2.5 hours travel between Tokyo and Kobe on railway ・ Free conversation between humans and animals ・ Rainstorm can be wiped out by a cannon Sports Hochi “Predictions of the 20th Century” (1901.1.2-3) ・ No more horse-and-buggy, the new world of automobiles ・ Photographs of distant places ・ A new machine that relieves cold and heat      
  12. 13. 1825 1903 1885 1946 1969 What Came True   transportation, communication ( railway, car ) What Didn’t   conversation with animals, control of nature   aircraft   computer   man’s first landing on moon What Wasn’t Predicted
  13. 14.   aviation     1903 Wright brothers   |   1927 Lindberg   ↓   1949 jet plane   ↓   ↓   1969 Concorde      space     1944 V1.V2 rocket   ↓   1957 Sputnik   ↓   1969 Apollo 11    Development of Transport Technology 19 th c 20 th c   railway     1814 steam locomotive   |   1825 railroads opened   ↓ ( to everywhere in Europe )   ↓   1879 electric locomotive   ↓   ↓   1964 Shinkansen   
  14. 15. In each age, there was a technology in-season.
  15. 16.   aviation     1903 Wright Brothers   |   1927 Lindberg   ↓   1949 jet plane   ↓   ↓   1969 Concorde      space     1944 V1.V2 rocket   ↓   1957 Sputnik   ↓   1969 Apollo 11    Technology in Its Season   railway     1814 steam locomotive   |   1825 railway opened   ↓ ( everywhere in Europe)   ↓   1879 electric locomotive   ↓   ↓   1964 Shinkansen    The Season of Railway Technology The Season of Aviation The Season of Space Technology
  16. 17. Development of Railway Technology   railway     1814 steam locomotive   |   1825 railway opened   ↓ ( everywhere in Europe )   ↓   1879 electric locomotive   ↓   ↓   1964 Shinkansen   1880 1850 Development of railways in France 1825 The first commercial railway in England 1832 The first commercial railway in France 1830 The first railway in America 1835 The first railway in Germany Railway technology was in its season in the early 19 th Century
  17. 18.   aviation     1903 Wright brothers   |   1927 Lindberg   ↓   1949 jet plane   ↓   ↓   1969 Concorde      space     1944 V1.V2 rocket   ↓   1957 Sputnik   ↓   1969 Apollo 11    Development of Transport Technology   1969 ARPA net     railway     1814 steam locomotive   |   1825 railroads opened   ↓ ( to everywhere in Europe )   ↓   1879 electric locomotive   ↓   ↓   1964 Shinkansen   
  18. 19. 1969 Concorde   1969 the first flight   2000 the accident   2003 the last flight Nuclear Ship “Mutsu”   1969 launched   1974 radiation leakage   1991 completed as a nuclear ship through inspections   1992 Dismantling started.   1995 The ship was handed over to JAMSTEC.   1997 launched as the ocean research vessel “Mirai” The Apollo Project   1969 Apollo11 the first landing on moon   1970 Apollo 13 the accident   1972 Apollo 17 called off ( Apollo was planned to 20 )
  19. 20. 1968  Douglas Engelbart     NLS( oN Line System ) demo of interactive computer 1969 ARPANET started       ( the Pentagon network ) 1968 Alan Kay     Dynabook Concept   concept for ideal PC 1968-69
  20. 21. Seasons of technology was inevitable current of history.
  21. 22. Modern Ages 16-17 th C : Age of Geographical Discovery ( from geocentric theory to heliocentric theory )     1543 Copernicus, 1580 Galilei   1609 Kepler, 1637 Descartes, 1687 Newton 20 th C : The Age of the Earth by Radio Wave and Aviation     1895 Marconi’s wireless communication, 1920 radio broadcast   1903 powered flight by Wright Brothers 1969 man’s first landing on moon   18-19 th C : Toward Capitalism Through Industrial Revolution     1769 Watt ( steam engine), 1807 Fulton ( steam ship )   1814 Stevenson ( steam locomotive), 1830 railway opened
  22. 23. Competition for Dominance of the World ・ Domination of the Land     Mongol (13-14c), Ottoman Turks(15-16c) ・ Domination of the Sea   ( sailing )     Spain ・ Portugal (16c), Netherlands (17c)   France ・ England (18c) ・ Domination of Network   ( information technology ) - industrial revolution -  ( railroad technology ) ・ Domination of the Sky   ( aviation/ space technology )     the World War   England, France, USA vs Germany, Italy, Japan   the Cold War   USA vs Soviet
  23. 24. Now, information technology is in its season. This is not just a temporary boom. It is an inevitable current of history.
  24. 25. In the past, England who won out in the age of sea had experienced industrial revolution.   21 st century, the age of information, has started as the age of the USA. Now, the USA who won out in the age of sky experienced informational revolution.
  25. 26. What is happening in this age of information ? Information Explosion
  26. 27. Now, let me introduce Dr. Kitsuregawa.
  27. 29. Summary Here
  28. 30. Industrial Revolution ・ Primary Industrial Revolution ( late 18C-early 19C)      1765   Watt steam engine    mechanization of light industry (spinning, weaving) ・ Secondary Industrial Revolution ( late 19C-early20C)      1825   railroad opening    transportation, heavy chemical industry, material industry ・ Network Revolution       1980s multimedia   1990s   internet       Social and culture infrastructure is constructed on network. ・ Third Industrial Revolution ( late 20C-   )     ・ Electronics Revolution         1946 computer   1948 transistor     development of information/hi-tech industries
  29. 31. You are the next leaders.
  30. 32. This is it for today. Thank you for listening.

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