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BioFuel innovations

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Fascinating presentation exploring biofuel breakthrough.

Fascinating presentation exploring biofuel breakthrough.

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  • 1. Eve Innovations Inc. PCS Solid Biofuel™ from cellulose waste
  • 2. Eve Innovations Private Canadian Company  Creating innovations in green energy and licensing them to the world Patent Protected  2 global PCT patents filed; 3 other in development Externally Reviewed  by the Chinese Science Attaché, in Vancouver Independently validated  Energy density levels confirmed by PowerTech Labs (division of BC Hydro) 2
  • 3. The Team Alexis Mackintosh, B.Sc. B.A., CEO / Inventor Victor Tsao, J.D., Legal / Corporate Secretary Peter Dodge, Corporate Development Ron Sonstegard, PhD., Senior Researcher Sebastion Cogswell M.Sc., Research Associate PRELIMINARY DRAFT FOR INTERNAL REVIEW AND COMMENTS 3
  • 4. The Market: Dominated By Coal1. Coal: A critical global energy source ~ $400 billion/yr2. Emissions major issue: sulfur, nitrous oxides, tar3. Major source of GHG emissions / air pollution / climate change 4
  • 5. Evolution of Biomass Technology Wood pellets: Generation 1  Dry and press into pellets Torrification (char / bio-coal): Generation 2  Heat fiber in absence of oxygen to drive off water and volatile components leaving only charcoal and tars. PCS Biofuels™ & PCS Biofuels – Hybrid™: Generation 3  Water based high temperature, high pressure process  a chemical reaction converts cellulose to a new class of biofuel 5
  • 6. Comparison between Coal and PCS Biofuel Thermal Coal Metallurgical Coal PCS Biofuels™ Energy (GJ/tonne) 15 - 19 ~30 24 – 30 Moisture Content 8 – 10 2–3 4–5 Ash 5 – 15% 1 – 5% 0.3 – 0.5 Heavy metals Yes Yes No Sulfur Yes low No Tar and Creosols Yes Yes No PRELIMINARY DRAFT FOR INTERNAL REVIEW AND COMMENTS 6
  • 7. Burn Characteristics Coal vs. PCS Biofuel% of starting weight Temperature o C PRELIMINARY DRAFT FOR INTERNAL REVIEW AND COMMENTS 7
  • 8. Moisture ComparisonA B C 5 Minutes afterA. PCS Biofuels Fuel submersing in waterB. Wood Pellets - wetC. Wood pellets – dry to wet 8
  • 9. PCS Biofuels™ Generation 3• Chemical reaction using proprietary reagent(s) in high temperature and pressure ‘bioreactors’• Process similar to pulp and paper ‘digesters’• Feedstock = any carbohydrate• PCS Biofuels™ are solid, high energy density, clean biofuels Total Heat Content PCS Biofuel 13,100 BTU/lb 30.5 MJ/Kg 7,300 cal/gm 9
  • 10. PCS Biofuels - Hybrid Additives: Coal Fines 10
  • 11. Diverse, Global Feedstock SourcesWood & Wood Waste Municipal / Organic Waste √ Lumber, chips, sawdust, bark  Food √ Leaves, branches & yard waste  Fast food waste √ Brush, trees including diseased  Coffee cups  PaperAgricultural Waste  Newsprint √ Manure  Cardboard √ Straw, hay  Some construction / demolition √ Water hyacinth, bamboo, √ Rice husks Other Potential √ Peat moss √ Diseased animals Hybrid Fuels √ PCS Biofuel™ + coal fine additive 11
  • 12. Plant FlexibilityA. Feedstock diversity:  Wood, wood waste, animal manure, MSW….B. Scalable: 80 - 2,000 tonnes per day, or moreC. Additional value generators  Co-exist with other operations  Wood to lumber; sawdust, bark, limbs etc to biofuel  Cogen  Heat  Carbon credits  Coal fines additive 12
  • 13. Plant EconomicsCapital cost: $60K – $100Kper tonne of capacity / day - CanadaFeedstock: Negative to majorOperating: $40 – $60 per tonne - CanadaBiofuel: $150 – $200 net of transportPayback: 2 – 4 yearsIRR: 20 – 50%+ (before carbon credit & other value add possibilities)Other: Power cogeneration, community heat 13
  • 14. Strategic Considerations Sustainable and profitable business  Renewable feedstock,  Growing demand,  Converting waste into high value biofuel,  Waste disposal: Convert Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), animal manure and human waste into biofuel. 14
  • 15. Eve Innovations Business Model Licensing technology Provide reagent Provide licensee support  Feedstock procurement / management  Engineering / plant design / operations  Biofuel sales / branding  Technology development / quality control Structures  Licensor only  Joint venture  Build & operate / BOT (build, operate, transfer) 15
  • 16. Eve Research and Innovations Peter Dodge, Director of Business Development Alexis Mackintosh, Director of Research Victor Tsao, Corporate Counsel Contact: PeterBDodge@Gmail.com Tel: 604 649-11118066 Alexander Road, British Columbia, V4G 1G7, Canada PRELIMINARY DRAFT FOR INTERNAL REVIEW AND COMMENTS 16

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