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What’s in a NAME?
“If I had a great name for a product, I’d build a business around it”                           - Maurice Kanbar (Inventor...
Categories of names…• Names can be broadly categorized into the following:•   Source names:     – Ascribe a person or plac...
Source Names•   Ascribe a source or origin…     –   Indian Airlines, Air India     –   Canada Dry     –   Salem     –   Fo...
ESSARWAY
ESSARTEL
ESSARSPEAK
ESSARONE
WOW-ESSAR
Source•   ESSARWAY•   ESSARTEL•   WOWESSAR•   ESSARSPEAK•   ESSARONE                 BSNL / TATA
Descriptive names•       Affirms some attribute by which the product, service or company wishes to        be known…    –  ...
SPACETEL
ORBIT TELECOM
FLASH CELLULAR
TELEPATHY
EASYTEL
EXPRESS-CEL
Descriptive• Spacetel• Orbit Telecom• Flash Cellular• Telepathy• Easytel• Expres-cel                   Aircel / Airtel
Suggestive Names•   They operate through connotation & allusion, working within the brain as a    simile, metaphor and cul...
Pigeon
Vibe
Easy
Swing
Ozone
Matrix
Suggestive•   Pigeon•   Vibe•   Easy•   Swing•   Ozone•   Matrix             Idea / Reliance
While most of these options are workable, relevant and                               effective at some level…       Our co...
Therefore…• Will they help us stand out?• Will they maximize our recall?• Will they break through the clutter?• Will they ...
We are the Challenger Brand!!!
The power of thinking out of the circle  •   Orange  •   Yahoo!  •   Google  •   Apple  •   Manhattan  •   Virgin  •   Mir...
Our approach• Out of the circle• Do not describe but DISTINGUISH• Young, friendly, hip• Breaking Rules!!!!
Mercury
Heat
Gene
Protein
Fox
Buzz
Gipsy
Rain
Neon
Ozone
Boom
Tadka
Gupshup
Tassan
Maybe push the envelope even                         more…Distinguish ourselves even more ??
Hormone
Tiger
Josh
Next
Pulse
Ice
And even more cutting edge???
Kiss
Wink
Zone
Lips
Hug
4Play
Adda
69
The makings of a good name
•   A good name delivers an idea, concept or benefit.     – Can’t believe it’s not butter, No more tears, Safari
•   ‘Word names’ usually are superior to ‘name names’     –   Orange v/s BPL or BSNL     –   Budget v/s Avis     –   Apple...
•   Names work harder when they have tangible sensory referents            “Memory for picture/ sound is superior to memor...
•   A good name has the ability to uniquely distinguishes a company or service from    its competition     –   Vergin, Go,...
•   A good name is short crisp and concise…      –   Chevrolet became Chevy      –   FedEx      –   Coke      –   Jag     ...
•   A good name bundles associations and is rich in implications     – Example: Viagra          • The older drug for in th...
An interesting trend
• New entrants in categories tend to break the clutter with  their names…   – HDFC, ICICI, HSBC, CitiBank, SBI…and then th...
“Relevance to consumer is critical”
Re-visiting our consumer•   18 – 25, male
Our approach•   Source – Leveraging the ESSAR legacy•   Making it young•   Specific to Mobile services
Random Names• Appear to have no relation to the referents    – Yahoo!        • Jery Yang and David Filo first named the pr...
Whats in a name
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Transcript of "Whats in a name"

  1. 1. What’s in a NAME?
  2. 2. “If I had a great name for a product, I’d build a business around it” - Maurice Kanbar (Inventor) Author of ‘SECRETS FROM AN INVENTORS NOTE BOOK’“Was Dirty Dancing a successful movie, because it was a great film? No. Thetitle brought the people into the theatre. I doubt they would have come out if itwere called “Weekend at Catskills”
  3. 3. Categories of names…• Names can be broadly categorized into the following:• Source names: – Ascribe a person or place in connection with them• Descriptive names: – Describe a characteristic, ingredient, purpose, function or appearance• Suggestive names: – They operate through connotation working, within the brain as a simile or a metaphor• Random names : – Appear to have no connection with the referents
  4. 4. Source Names• Ascribe a source or origin… – Indian Airlines, Air India – Canada Dry – Salem – Ford – Godrej – Tata – Hewlet-Packard, Dell ‘Identify who founded or owns an enterprise, or where a product may be found or what market territory it covers’ Ideal when the group has established credentials or the geographical location can add value
  5. 5. ESSARWAY
  6. 6. ESSARTEL
  7. 7. ESSARSPEAK
  8. 8. ESSARONE
  9. 9. WOW-ESSAR
  10. 10. Source• ESSARWAY• ESSARTEL• WOWESSAR• ESSARSPEAK• ESSARONE BSNL / TATA
  11. 11. Descriptive names• Affirms some attribute by which the product, service or company wishes to be known… – General Motors – Newsweek – Radio city – Big Bazar – Coca-Cola These names describe the product or service, using straight forward language and words Ideal for establishing strong associations with the category
  12. 12. SPACETEL
  13. 13. ORBIT TELECOM
  14. 14. FLASH CELLULAR
  15. 15. TELEPATHY
  16. 16. EASYTEL
  17. 17. EXPRESS-CEL
  18. 18. Descriptive• Spacetel• Orbit Telecom• Flash Cellular• Telepathy• Easytel• Expres-cel Aircel / Airtel
  19. 19. Suggestive Names• They operate through connotation & allusion, working within the brain as a simile, metaphor and cultural reference• Examples.. – Eden: A brand of dried fruits – Garrison: Brand of dead bolt locks (Military post) – Sprint: Suggests speed – Bible Bar: Has the seven foods from the promised land – SUVs’: Explorer, Forester, Escape… – Hush-Puppies
  20. 20. Pigeon
  21. 21. Vibe
  22. 22. Easy
  23. 23. Swing
  24. 24. Ozone
  25. 25. Matrix
  26. 26. Suggestive• Pigeon• Vibe• Easy• Swing• Ozone• Matrix Idea / Reliance
  27. 27. While most of these options are workable, relevant and effective at some level… Our competitors seem to be in the same space…
  28. 28. Therefore…• Will they help us stand out?• Will they maximize our recall?• Will they break through the clutter?• Will they help us carve out a niche?• Will they optimize our monies?
  29. 29. We are the Challenger Brand!!!
  30. 30. The power of thinking out of the circle • Orange • Yahoo! • Google • Apple • Manhattan • Virgin • Mirchi/ Red • Spice • Pogo • Yes Bank • Onida Candy (14 inch TV for youngsters) • ShareKhan • Oxygen (cellular service in Canada)
  31. 31. Our approach• Out of the circle• Do not describe but DISTINGUISH• Young, friendly, hip• Breaking Rules!!!!
  32. 32. Mercury
  33. 33. Heat
  34. 34. Gene
  35. 35. Protein
  36. 36. Fox
  37. 37. Buzz
  38. 38. Gipsy
  39. 39. Rain
  40. 40. Neon
  41. 41. Ozone
  42. 42. Boom
  43. 43. Tadka
  44. 44. Gupshup
  45. 45. Tassan
  46. 46. Maybe push the envelope even more…Distinguish ourselves even more ??
  47. 47. Hormone
  48. 48. Tiger
  49. 49. Josh
  50. 50. Next
  51. 51. Pulse
  52. 52. Ice
  53. 53. And even more cutting edge???
  54. 54. Kiss
  55. 55. Wink
  56. 56. Zone
  57. 57. Lips
  58. 58. Hug
  59. 59. 4Play
  60. 60. Adda
  61. 61. 69
  62. 62. The makings of a good name
  63. 63. • A good name delivers an idea, concept or benefit. – Can’t believe it’s not butter, No more tears, Safari
  64. 64. • ‘Word names’ usually are superior to ‘name names’ – Orange v/s BPL or BSNL – Budget v/s Avis – Apple v/s Dell – Sprint v/s MCI ‘Unless of course the name already has established positive values and heritage’
  65. 65. • Names work harder when they have tangible sensory referents “Memory for picture/ sound is superior to memory for words”• Kim R. Robertson, professor at Trinity University – Texas, has extensively studied brand names as a marketing tool. – Concrete names with tangible visual/ sound referents work better than abstract names • Examples: Dove, Mustang, Rabbit, Apple V/S Pledge, Tempo, Premier etc. • Ferrari, Zoom…
  66. 66. • A good name has the ability to uniquely distinguishes a company or service from its competition – Vergin, Go, Spice – Java – Apple – Axe – Google – Manhattan – Yes Bank – Pogo, Aaj Tak – Mirchi
  67. 67. • A good name is short crisp and concise… – Chevrolet became Chevy – FedEx – Coke – Jag – Advil v/s Ibuprofin Harvard psychologist, George Miller found that only seven pieces of information like, seven brands in a category or seven digits in a phone number – could easily be held in short term memory, this may be why consumers instinctively simplify names
  68. 68. • A good name bundles associations and is rich in implications – Example: Viagra • The older drug for in this category was called “VASOMAX”. The new wonder drug – Viagra, combines ‘Vigor’ and ‘Niagara’ (Falls) and thus suggests vitality, strength and natural force
  69. 69. An interesting trend
  70. 70. • New entrants in categories tend to break the clutter with their names… – HDFC, ICICI, HSBC, CitiBank, SBI…and then there is “Yes Bank” – AI, IA, Jet Airways, Sahara… Go, Spice – Star News, Zee News, BBC… Aaj Tak – Credit cards… Manhattan
  71. 71. “Relevance to consumer is critical”
  72. 72. Re-visiting our consumer• 18 – 25, male
  73. 73. Our approach• Source – Leveraging the ESSAR legacy• Making it young• Specific to Mobile services
  74. 74. Random Names• Appear to have no relation to the referents – Yahoo! • Jery Yang and David Filo first named the protal ‘David and Jerry’s Guide’. Realising that it was pretty ungainly, they searched further. They began looking for words beginning with ‘ya’ (the universal computing acronym for ‘yet another’) David Filo then stumbled upon Yahoo! And took it, also because his father use to cal him ‘little yahoo’ when he was a boy. – Apple: • Steve Jobs, was visiting an orchard and concluded that the apple was the most perfect fruit and he wanted his company to be perfect too. Apple capitalized on being different from other computer makers, as fresh and uncomplicated as a fruit Orange
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