Section 1 The participant as an individual TEST1)During your GCSE Physical Education course you have participated in theory lessons,practical sessions and also had the opportunity to take on different roles. Explain, usingexamples, three ways in which your GCSE Physical Education course has increased yourlevel of participation or performance. (i) Example one (2) (ii) Example two (2) (iii) Example three (2) (Total 6 marks)2) Explain two reasons why swimming would be a suitable activity for a 60 year old. Reason 1 Reason 2 (Total 4 marks3) Risk assessment is something which should always take place before a physical activitytakes place. (i) For two named physical activities, describe an example of an accident which can take place. State the actions which should be taken to prevent each accident. Named physical activity one Accident Action (2) Named physical activity two Accident Action (2)4) State what fatigue is. How is fatigue caused and what effect will it have on a performerin a named physical activity? Named physical activity (Total 3 marks)
5) Many activities, such as outdoor and adventurous ones, involve an element of challenge. (i) Describe an activity that you would consider to be a challenging one, identifying clearly the “challenging” factor. (2) (ii) Explain one problem which could arise because of the challenging nature of your chosen activity. (2) (Total 4 marks)6) Give three ways of reducing the risk of hypothermia. (Total 3 marks)7) Leisure time is that part of a person’s life when they can spend time doing what they want.Why should sport and physical activity be an important part of leisure time? (Total 7 marks)8) Give three ways in which climate may influence participation in sport and physicalactivity. (Total 3 marks)9)Age, gender, disability, wealth and culture can all have an influence on participation inphysical activity.In what ways can people involve sport and physical activity in their leisure time? (Total 7 marks)
ANSWERS1) (i) and (ii) Award up to three marks for each correctly identified and explained example. Award one mark for the identified benefit and up to two further marks for the appropriate example which must include how it has led to a better level of participation or performance. Examples include: • raised fitness levels/ through taking part in regular physical activity/ undertaking the exercise training programme/ fitness levels have increased which has led to a better standard of actual performance • Undertaking different roles such as an official/ has given a better understanding of the rules/ and therefore allowed a better performance making less mistakes • A greater knowledge of health and fitness/ through taking part in the theory lessons/ helping contribute to being fitter/ and therefore able to take part more effectively Accept the above plus any other suitable examples. 2) Award up to two marks for each correct description. It is non weight bearing/ so will not cause damage to joints. It develops fitness/ as it raises heart rate. It uses muscles in both the arms/ and legs. Can be performed all year round/ as it is indoors. Can be done at your own pace/ and you can do as much or as little as you want. It is relatively cheap/ and there may be concessions for the elderly.3) (i) Award up to two marks for each correctly described example of risk assessment. One mark to be awarded for identifying the accident and one for the correct action that should be carried out. Examples include: • games: being kicked in the shins/ that the correct equipment is being worn, for example, shin guards in soccer • in gymnastics: falling or tripping between the mats/ that the correct equipment is being used and that it is in a safe condition eg. Mats • in dance: to avoid cuts/ that jewellery is checked and removed and that appropriate clothing is being worn • in athletics: to avoid cut legs/ that the landing areas are checked for sharp objects and removed before use • in swimming: impact injuries through falling/ that proper movement around the pool is ensured such as no running • in outdoor and adventurous: possible hypothermia/ that environmental factors are taken into consideration, such as weather forecasts checked and appropriate clothing is provided
Accept the above plus any other suitable examples. 4 4) Award one mark for correctly stating what fatigue is and one mark for the cause and one further mark for stating the effect on a performance Examples include: • gymnastics: fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness/ caused by over-exertion or prolonged physical activity/ which leads to a drop or decrease in the level of performance • soccer: fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness/ caused by over-exertion or prolonged physical activity/ which leads to a drop or decrease in the level of performance or results in a player being substituted to prevent this Accept the above plus any other suitable examples. 5) (i) Award up to two marks for correctly describing a challenging activity. Example • Because of the nature of the activity/ there will be challenge by way of the environment/ possibly equipment used/ and even overcoming some fears/ such as a fear of heights NB merely naming an activity will not be sufficient for one mark. Accept the above plus any other suitable examples. 2 (ii) Award up to two marks for clearly explaining the problem, which must be linked to the activity chosen in (i) above. Example • In outdoor and adventurous the climate could change or vary. / This would require that correct clothing would need to be worn and it could even cause problems with navigation if fog or heavy snow occurred • In caving, sudden rainfall could affect the cave system. / Flooding could occur, which would then create a hazardous situation. Accept the above, plus any other suitable examples. 2 6) Three examples of keeping body temperature up, such as: dress appropriately: • Reduce the amount of visible skin • Wear clothing with a high thermal rating/ wear insulated clothing • Wear a number of different layers of clothing/ wear more clothing plan ahead/ prepare: • Get out of the wind/ find shelter • Don’t go out (play/ swim) in the cold • Keep the body moving • Rub oil into the skin • Take warm drinks/ food • Keep dry/ wear, or take with you, rainproof clothing
keeping warm: • Wrap up in blankets • Get into a sleeping bag (with a suitable companion) • Cuddle with companions • Keep the body moving NB answers must relate to preparation for or actions during activity, not recovering from hypothermia. Answers may be written the opposite way round but must not replicate those above. 7) Sport and physical activity should be part of leisure time because of the social reasons: • to play with family; • to meet friends/socialising; • to make friends; • to occupy spare time purposefully; • to set a challenge/sense of danger; • to provide a mental focus/an interest; • to provide enjoyment/fun/excitement; • to provide a focus for chat/discussion/debate. sport and physical activity should be part of leisure time because of the health & fitness reasons: • to maintain fitness; (to keep fit and healthy = 1 mark) • to contribute to good physical health/feel good/look good to maintain or reduce shape; • to keep the mind alert/fresh/a distraction from routine; viz mental health; • to complement sedentary work style; • as an outlet for energy/stress; • as a means of relaxation. (7)8) three to include: • the level of humidity makes it pleasant/unpleasant to participate • the level of pollution makes it pleasant/unpleasant to participate • the type of weather determines what you play (e.g. snowsports according to geography) • the severity of the weather determines whether you play / makes it pleasant /unpleasant to participate: e.g. • it has rained heavily .. pitch flooded = no game / river levels swollen = white water more challenging • it’s raining so you don’t go out for ‘a run’ • it starts to rain so play is curtailed/abandoned.
accept… wind/rain/sun/all 3 = 1 mark 9) Involve sport and physical activity by..: • walking to work/school/taking the stairs/walking the dog • engaging in physical pastimes, e.g. going for a walk/cycle in the evening/at weekend + swim/jog • having a night out involving dancing • having a (friendly) kickabout with friends/colleagues • joining an amateur sports club • going to the gym/pool for a workout • joining an exercise class • joining a recreational evening/adult education class • studying an .after hours. GCSE • attending a course – ‘learn how to e.g. self-defend’ • doing an activity in lunch time/extra-curricular school sport • going on an activity-based holiday/outward bound course • setting a challenge e.g. running a marathon, climbing a mountain • entering competitions (regular/one-off) • going to watch/spectate live • subscribing to reading material/other media • gambling • coaching/training/managing a team • officiating a sport • organising a match/event • joining a summer school • taking part in award schemes.