Specimen Paper ANSWERS                                       SHAREENThese questions are linked to the scenario information...
some accuracy and use a limited number of specialist terms appropriately.Level 23-5 marksCandidates’ answers show reasonab...
(c) The race will be in July and it could be very hot and sunny. What advicewouldyou give Shareen to help her complete the...
Specimen Paper Questions                                    SHAREENThese questions are linked to the scenario information ...
Rachel                             SECTION C QUESTIONSRachel is a popular 15-year-old girl who belongs to a ‘sporty’ famil...
Rachel                             SECTION C QUESTIONSRachel is a popular 15-year-old girl who belongs to a ‘sporty’ famil...
•   External club provisions and links (2 marks)TOTAL – 4 marksB – What was the strategy to ensure PESSCL was successful?(...
3–A – Describe a suitable training method for Rachel’s new football team?(1 mark)Interval or FartlekB - Explain why this w...
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  1. 1. Specimen Paper ANSWERS SHAREENThese questions are linked to the scenario information which was released beforethe examination and which is copied below.Shareen is 16 years old. She has been regularly competing as an athlete sincestarting High School. She showed potential as a runner and by Year 9 sherepresented her school at County level. She then won the National Championships.In her early career she only ran middle distance races, specialising in the 800metres. In the last year she has increased the distances of her competitive runs toinclude 1500 metres and 3000 metres. Last winter she also started to run in the crosscountry team for her school. She wants to take part in a sponsored 10 kilometre funrun in three months time to help raise funds for a local charity.19 (a) What aspect of fitness will Shareen need to develop?(a) Aspect of fitnessOne mark can be awarded for endurance/high levels of stamina.(1 mark)(b) Explain how anxiety may affect Shareen’s performance on the day of thefun run.(b) Effects of anxietyAward up to three marks for a correct explanation – the level of performancecould increase/ as a result of increased arousal/ or the level of performancecould decrease/ as a result of Shareen becoming nervous/worried/concerned/about the number of people watching the event.(3 marks)(c) Describe a training method that would be suitable preparation for the funrun?(c) Suitable training methodsThese will be identified and also outlined. Just identifying a particular trainingmethod without describing it will not be sufficient.(1 mark) (d) Explain why this would be the best training method for Shareen.(Answer in continuous prose) (d) Justification for chosen training methodLevel 00 marksInappropriate answer showing no justification for the training methodchosen.Level 11-2 marksCandidates’ answers show basic justification for the training methodchosen. Candidates spell, punctuate and use the rules of grammar with
  2. 2. some accuracy and use a limited number of specialist terms appropriately.Level 23-5 marksCandidates’ answers show reasonable justification for the training methodchosen. Candidates spell, punctuate and use the rules of grammar withreasonable accuracy and use a range of specialist terms appropriately.Level 36-7 marksCandidates’ answers show sound justification for the training methodchosen. Candidates spell, punctuate and use the rules of grammaraccurately and use a wide range of specialist terms precisely and adeptly.The training method must be related to increasing levels of endurance and thecandidates are likely to refer to continuous training or fartlek training. As long asthey can justify and clarify what taking part in the particular training method isbringing to increasing levels of endurance then credit can be given. Candidatesmay refer to specifics such as using a treadmill/ or training to build up a specificarea/ (such as abdominals/ for core stability)/ which may assist levels ofperformance.(7 marks)(Total 12 marks)20 (a) Describe a suitable meal for Shareen the night before the fun run.20 (a) Dietary considerations the night beforeCandidates are likely to refer to a high carbohydrate loading diet/ such as pasta/similar to the pasta party for competitors in the London Marathon/ to provide thebody with stores of glycogen/ which will help the athlete to keep going/delay theonset of fatigue/ as pasta contains starch/ which is a complex carbohydrate(polysaccharide)/ and as such provides slow release of energy.(5 marks)(b) State and explain the principles of training she would need to consider.(b) Principles of training usedIt is expected that candidates will refer to specificity, progression, overload(frequency, intensity, duration and perhaps even the element of avoiding tedium)and reversibility. These terms must be clearly understood and no credit will begiven for simply just stating them without some clear indication that the term isunderstood. Eg Specificity/ - as the performer is intending to run a 10k race/ theprime consideration will be to be running long distances/ and the progression/would be by gradually building up/ the distance run in training sessions.(max 8 marks)
  3. 3. (c) The race will be in July and it could be very hot and sunny. What advicewouldyou give Shareen to help her complete the run safely? (Answer incontinuous prose)(c) Weather and temperature considerationsLevel 00 marksInappropriate answer showing no understanding.Level 11-2 marksCandidates’ answers show basic understanding. Candidates spell, punctuate anduse the rules of grammar with some accuracy and use a limited number of specialistterms appropriately.Level 23-5 marksCandidates’ answers show reasonable understanding. Candidates spell, punctuateand use the rules of grammar with reasonable accuracy and use a range of specialistterms appropriately.Level 36-8 marksCandidates’ answers show sound understanding. Candidates spell,punctuate and use the rules of grammar accurately and use a wide rangeof specialist terms precisely and adeptly. Candidates may make reference to wearinglightweight clothing/ possibly climacool/ or climate /to assist with cooling the body/ by“wicking” sweat away/and helping to keep the body cool./ Sunscreen or suncreams/will reduce risk of sunburn. Dehydration/ would be a risk/ so she should take onwater/ at water station / and may also pour water over her/ to help reduce the risk ofoverheating.(8 marks)(d) Describe and explain a suitable warm up that Shareen should carry outbefore taking part in the run.(d) Warm upCandidates should be given credit for explaining the importance of the variousstages and components of a warm up including stretching exercises/ to extendmuscles/ and tendons/ to prevent muscle pulls./ Accept descriptions andexplanations of specific muscle stretches, eg quadriceps/hamstrings stretch/ alsogive credit for the need to stretch opposing muscles/ in antagonistic pairs.Gentle jogging/ to increase heart rate/increase breathing rate./ Credit the needfor mental preparation.(7 marks)
  4. 4. Specimen Paper Questions SHAREENThese questions are linked to the scenario information which was released beforethe examination and which is copied below.Shareen is 16 years old. She has been regularly competing as an athlete sincestarting High School. She showed potential as a runner and by Year 9 sherepresented her school at County level. She then won the National Championships.In her early career she only ran middle distance races, specialising in the 800metres. In the last year she has increased the distances of her competitive runs toinclude 1500 metres and 3000 metres. Last winter she also started to run in the crosscountry team for her school. She wants to take part in a sponsored 10 kilometre funrun in three months time to help raise funds for a local charity.19 (a) What aspect of fitness will Shareen need to develop?(1 mark)(b) Explain how anxiety may affect Shareen’s performance on the day of thefun run. (3 marks)(c) Describe a training method that would be suitable preparation for the funrun?(1 mark) (d) Explain why this would be the best training method for Shareen.(Answer in continuous prose)(7 marks)20 (a) Describe a suitable meal for Shareen the night before the fun run.(5 marks)(b) State and explain the principles of training she would need to consider.(8 marks)(c) The race will be in July and it could be very hot and sunny. What advicewouldyou give Shareen to help her complete the run safely? (Answer incontinuous prose)(8 marks)(d) Describe and explain a suitable warm up that Shareen should carry outbefore taking part in the run.(7 marks)
  5. 5. Rachel SECTION C QUESTIONSRachel is a popular 15-year-old girl who belongs to a ‘sporty’ family. She attends thelocal comprehensive school where she is a prefect and sports captain. Rachel is dueto take GCSE Physical Education at the end of the school year. She is interested insports technology and is a Young Ambassador.Rachel enjoys sport and has represented the school and county at football,swimming and cross country. Rachel’s cross country running helps her keep fit toplay in the midfield for football and to take part in four swimming sessions a week.Outside of school, Rachel has been a member of a swimming club, where her motheris a coach, since she was six years old. She has, with a group of friends, just becomea member of a newly formed local football club, which is struggling to establish itself.She trains and competes regularly for both clubs. In her role as sports captain,Rachel helps to organise sports competitions for younger students in her school andassists the Physical Education Department with lunchtime activities.1 – Rachel helps put with lunch time activities at school as an organiser.A – What other roles has Rachel’s GCSE course prepared her to play?(4 marks)B – What are the main qualities needed to be an organiser?(4 marks)2–A - What is the PESSCL strategy and how is it aimed to be delivered?(3 marks)B – What was the strategy to ensure PESSCL was successful?(8 marks)C – How could Rachel have been involved in the PESSCL strategy at herschool?(4 marks)3–A – Describe a suitable training method for Rachel’s new football team?(1 mark)B - Explain why this would be the best training method for Rachel and herteam?(7 marks)4 – What 2 nutrients would be important for Rachel in her busy trainingschedule?(7 marks)
  6. 6. Rachel SECTION C QUESTIONSRachel is a popular 15-year-old girl who belongs to a ‘sporty’ family. She attends thelocal comprehensive school where she is a prefect and sports captain. Rachel is dueto take GCSE Physical Education at the end of the school year. She is interested insports technology and is a Young Ambassador.Rachel enjoys sport and has represented the school and county at football,swimming and cross country. Rachel’s cross country running helps her keep fit toplay in the midfield for football and to take part in four swimming sessions a week.Outside of school, Rachel has been a member of a swimming club, where her motheris a coach, since she was six years old. She has, with a group of friends, just becomea member of a newly formed local football club, which is struggling to establish itself.She trains and competes regularly for both clubs. In her role as sports captain,Rachel helps to organise sports competitions for younger students in her school andassists the Physical Education Department with lunchtime activities.1 – Rachel helps put with lunch time activities at school as an organiser.A – What other roles has Rachel’s GCSE course prepared her to undertake?(4 marks) • Player/performer • Leader • Coach • Choreographer • OfficialB – What are the main qualities needed to be an organiser?(4 marks) • Manage/organise people/player/performers/supporters • Time management and control • Facility booking and organising • Equipment booking and organisation • Problem solving when issues arisePlus any other suitable answers2–A - What is the PESSCL strategy and how is it aimed to be delivered?(3 marks)Students should gain credit for making reference to the four hours of sport per aweek (1 mark),students should should make links to the two hours of PE in delivered WITHIN thecurriculum (1 mark)Students should state that 2 more hours comes outside curriculum time via • School • Community activities
  7. 7. • External club provisions and links (2 marks)TOTAL – 4 marksB – What was the strategy to ensure PESSCL was successful?(8 marks)8 strands page 93 AQA GCSE BOOKLevel 00 marksInappropriate answer showing no understanding.Level 11-2 marksCandidates’ answers show basic understanding of the ‘8 STRANDS’. Candidatesspell, punctuate and use the rules of grammar with some accuracy and use a limitednumber of specialist terms appropriately.Level 23-5 marksCandidates’ answers show reasonable understanding of the 8 STRANDS and whatthey do. Candidates spell, punctuate and use the rules of grammar with reasonableaccuracy and use a range of specialist terms appropriately.Level 36-8 marksCandidates’ answers show sound understanding of the 8 STRANDS. Candidatesspell,punctuate and use the rules of grammar accurately and use a wide rangeof specialist terms precisely and adeptly. Candidates may make reference toSpecialist sport colleges/ and how they provide specialist provisions for sports/through facilities and inter and intra school sport. Students may discuss the Schoolsports partnership and what it is/ and how SSCO’s work within this framework tocreate sporting opportunities/ for students from across the partnership/includingfestivals/external coaches. (8 marks)accept other answers linked to the 8 strandsC – How could Rachel have been involved in the PESSCL strategy at herschool?(4 marks)Students will be probably make reference to sports festivals being held in juniorschools by older students or lunchtime/after school activities being run by olderstudents for junior students. An example would be expected.
  8. 8. 3–A – Describe a suitable training method for Rachel’s new football team?(1 mark)Interval or FartlekB - Explain why this would be the best training method for Rachel and herfootball team?(7 marks) • Interval/Fartlek training involves changes in speed/ and from elements of work to periods of rest • This is specific to the nature of football/ which involves a range of sprints, jogs and walking/ across the 90 minutes • Long interval training because football lasts for 90minutes o 15secs – 3 mins of work o 80-85% of max o Work time period = rest time period4 – What 2 nutrients would be important for Rachel in her busy trainingschedule?(7 marks) 1. Carbohydrates o Complex o E.g. pasta, rice, potatoes o Slow release energy for the duration of her football and swimming sessions 2. Protein o Repair damaged tissue from training and competition o Chicken, fish, meat 3. Fats o Unsaturated o Energy source for low intensity activities o Fish, nuts 4. Water o Water o Helps hydrate the body after sweating o Helps the bodies chemical reactions take placeAccept any other reasonable answers

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