PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

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PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 3. <ul><li>Is global and applies to all situations because it is a stable personality characteristic </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Is an attitude based on the belief that one can succeed’ </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Relates to specific situation; for example an otherwise confident football player may lack confidence when taking a penalty </li></ul><ul><li>Definition; </li></ul><ul><li>‘ the strength of an individual’s belief that he or she can successfully perform a given activity.’ </li></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>Seek challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Attribute success to internal factors such as ability and effort </li></ul><ul><li>TAS behaviour characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>The above would elevate confidence and increase expectation of success in next challenge </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Adopt avoidance behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Give up easily and become anxious when task is difficult </li></ul><ul><li>They attribute failure to internal factors </li></ul><ul><li>The above would decrease confidence and reduce expectation of success in next challenge and induce learned helplessness </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Bandura’s Self Efficacy Theory </li></ul><ul><li>1. Previous Accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder of previous success in skill (practical) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Vicarious Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Watching others perform the skill </li></ul><ul><li>3. Verbal Persuation </li></ul><ul><li>Convincing athlete of their ability to perform the skill </li></ul><ul><li>4. Emotional Control </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of physical state </li></ul>
  6. 9. SPORTS CONFIDENCE THEORY VEALEY’s MODEL OF SPORT CONFIDENCE TRAIT SPORTS CONFIDENCE / STATE SPORTS CONFIDENCE
  7. 10. TRAIT SPORT CONFIDENCE Its innate and described as a natural disposition Relatively stable Is the amount of confidence a person has in their overall sports ability STATE SPORT CONFIDENCE Is the degree of confidence in a specific situation i.e. taking a penalty Can be developed through learning and is unstable and changeable. Sports Confidence Theory measures 2 Factors
  8. 11. <ul><li>State Sports Confidence has immediate impact on the skill which is to be performed e.g. determines quality of the penalty kick. </li></ul><ul><li>The degree of State Confidence is determined by the interaction of 3 factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Trait Sports Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>The objective Sports Situation </li></ul><ul><li>The performer’s Competitive Orientation </li></ul>3 factors interact to determine State Confidence
  9. 12. Trait Sport confidence Competitive Orientation The Sport Situation Result of performance (perceived success/attribution/ satisfaction) Performance in the Sport Situation (behaviour response) State Sport confidence
  10. 13. <ul><li>See handout sheets </li></ul>
  11. 14. 1. Trait sports confidence and competitiveness will increase 2. Increased trait confidence will increase state confidence for future competition 1. Trait sports confidence and competitiveness will decrease 2. Decreased trait confidence will decrease state confidence for future competition
  12. 15. Effects of variation in levels of trait sports confidence and competitive orientation The variations in the levels of trait sports confidence and competitiveness orientation produces the following effect. . . A Decrease in trait sports confidence and competitiveness will: An increase in trait confidence and competitiveness will: Depress state confidence Elevate state confidence Reduce self-efficacy Increase self-efficacy Makes the performer feel less confident Makes the performer feel more confident Causes avoidance behaviour Facilitate approach behaviour
  13. 16. Mastery of Skill Styling Physical and mental Preparation This occurs when the skill has been acquired and the performer perceives that progress has been made. Confidence will increase if the athlete can demonstrate a highly skilled performance to significant others Will increase the likelihood of a successful performance
  14. 17. Environmental comfort Effective Leadership Social Reinforcement Praise and approval from significant others, particularly in the context of strong team cohesion, will raise confidence Promotes confidence in team members People who lack self confidence will be helped if the working conditions are suitable, for example a novice should not be observed when learning a new skill.
  15. 18. <ul><li>1. Describe the ways in which HIGH and LOW levels of confidence might affect a sports persons performance </li></ul><ul><li>(5marks) </li></ul><ul><li>2. A sports participants performance has deteriorated because of loss of confidence. Explain possible sport-related causes for this loss in confidence (6marks) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Select 3 sources of sports confidence as identified by Vealey and use a practical example to explain each one (3marks) </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>You are the coach of an athlete who is returning to training after a long period of injury and rehabilitation. Discuss the strategies that could be implemented to help the athlete to regain confidence </li></ul>

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