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    PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource Presentation Transcript

    • LONG TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT
    • What is LTAD
      • Developed by Istvan Balyi from 1990 to the present day, was initially an elitist talent development model now adopted as an athlete retention model.
      • Two types of models the Early and Late stage models
    • The Early Stage Model
      • Consists of 4 stages;
      • 1 Training to train
      • 2Training to compete
      • 3 Training to win
      • 4 Retirement & Retainment
      • Sports can be classified as early specialization (e.g. gymnastics) or late specialization (e.g. Track and Field, Team sports). Early specialization sports require a four phase model while a late specialization model requires six phases
    • The Late Stage Model
      • Phase 1: Fundamentals - Objective is to learn Fundamental motor skills
      • Phase 2: Learning to train - Objective is to learn Fundamental sport skills
      • Phase 3: Training to train - Objective is to Build Fitness & Specific Sports Skills
      • Phase 4: Training to compete - Objective is to refine skills for a specific event or
      • position
      • Phase 5 - Training to win - Objective is to maximise performance in competition
      • Phase 6 - Retirement & retainment / active for life - The main objective should be to
      • retain athletes for coaching, officiating, sport administration etc.
    • Stage One FUNdamental
      • This phase is appropriate for children aged 5 to 11. The main objective should be the overall development of the athlete’s physical capacities and fundamental movement skills
      • Develop the athlete's:
        • ABC's (Agility, Balance, Coordination and Speed)
        • RJT (Running, Jumping, Throwing)
        • KGBs (Kinesthetics, Gliding, Buoyancy, Striking with a body part)
        • CKs (Catching, Kicking, Striking with an implement)
    • Stage two Learning to train
      • This phase is appropriate for children aged between 11 to15/16 . The main objective should be to learn all fundamental sports skills.
      • The key points of this phase are:
      • Further develop fundamental movement skills
      • Learn general overall sports skills
      • Continue to develop speed with specific activities during the warm-up, such as agility, quickness and change of direction
      • Continue to develop endurance with games and relays
      • Introduce basic flexibility exercises
    • Stage three Training to Train
      • This phase is appropriate for children aged between 15 to 17.
      • The key points of this phase are:
      • Further develop speed and sport-specific skills
      • Develop knowledge of how and when to stretch, how to optimise nutrition and hydration, mental preparation, how and when to taper and peak
      • Establish pre-competition, competition and post competition routines
      • Special emphasis is also required for flexibility training due to the sudden growth of bones, tendons, ligaments and muscles
    • Stage four Training to Compete
      • For energy ages from 16/17 plus. The main objective should be to maximize fitness preparation and sport/event specific skills as well as performance.
      • 50% of available time is devoted to the development of technical and tactical skills and fitness improvements
      • 50% of available time is devoted to competition and competition-specific training
      • Learn to perform these sport specific skills under a variety of competitive conditions during training
      • Special emphasis is placed on optimum preparation by modeling training and competition
    • Stage five Training to Win
      • The main objective should be to maximize fitness preparation and sport/event specific skills as well as performance.
      • The key points of this phase are:
      • All of the athlete’s physical, technical, tactical, mental, personal and lifestyle capacities are now fully established and the focus of training has shifted to the maximization of performance
      • Athletes train to peak for major competitions
    • Stage 6 Retirement and Retainment / Active for life
      • Retention Health Individual choice
      • The main objective should be to retain athletes for coaching, officiating, sport administration etc.
    • Task 1
      • Research the NGB of your sport and what are they doing about LTAD.
      • Identify, what is physical literacy?
    • Homework
      • Exam Question
      • Explain the concept of Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) and discuss how it has been implemented in UK sport (12)
      • Look at both Explanation and implementation.