Disability Disability is an area where social perceptions has been raised through policies of inclusion to ensure that all people are catered for.
Disability can be considered to exist in one of 4 categories:
All the above will affect an individual’s ability to take part, but there are various ways in which these different disabilities can be catered for.
All sports can be adapted to cater for either general or specific abilities. All governing bodies make effort to make their sports accessible to all. The Paralympics are held every 4 years immediately after the Olympic Games. In 2008 there were 20 different events, which ranged from athletics through to equestrian events and 5 – aside and 7 – aside football. The IPC (international Paralympics committee) also organise many other competitions.
Adapted sports Adapted sports, such as wheelchair basketball, where the hoop heights are the same but some of the rules (such as travelling) are adapted.
Watch this video clip: - How has athletics adapted to allow Oscar to run? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-fbSHENjHc
Adapted equipment, such as footballs used by the blind and visually impaired, where there are ball-bearings in the small compartments within the ball so that it is auditable and its movements can be tracked. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saDZFvKOOe0 Watch this video clip about the Football Blind World Cup
Other adapted equipment, such as specially designed and adapted wheelchairs, are now available, not only for basketball and athletics, but also fishing, hockey, tennis, rugby, exercise, yoga and dance.
Disability classifications exist for all the activities relating to the particular physical demands of that sport. For example, athletics uses a system of letters (T for track and F for field) and numbers, which identify the particular disability to make competition fair.
The numbers are as followed:
11-13 = visual impaired
31-38 = cerebral palsy
41-46 = Amputees
51-56 = wheelchair athletes
40 = Dwarf athletes
It is a legal requirement that all facilities cater fir the disabled in the following ways:
Access : doors and doorways have to be wide enough to allow wheelchair access and ramps must be provided/
Parking: disabled bays must be marked and make available.
Provision: lifts must allow access to upper floors, disabled toilets must be provided, and there should be specific activities, clubs or classes that are particularly suited to the disabled.
Inclusion: a policy that no one should experience barriers to learning as a result of their disability, heritage, gender, special educational needs, ethnicity, social group, sexual orientation, race or culture.
Equestrian: related to horseback riding or horseback riders.