PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

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PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Exam Technique •Read the question through twice before answering •IDENTIFY, DESCRIBE, EXPLAIN •Underline what it is asking you •Look at how many marks it is worth – that is how many unique points you need to make. •Check how many themes there are in the question, have you covered them all?
  2. 2. Linked Questions – worth more.Some questions can follow on and relate to what you have just answered TIP – read and re read whether they want a Game or individual sport. Pick one you are confident with and practised on. EG. Netball Comp of fitness – Agility, speed, coordination & endurance. Testing – Ilinois Agility Test, 20 metre sprint test. Method of training - Circuit
  3. 3. Skeletal System Functions Shape, Support, Movement, Protection & Blood Production Types of Synovial joint Ball and Socket - HIP, Hinge - KNEE, Gliding - WRIST, Pivot - NECK & Condyloid - THUMB Movement Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, Extension, Rotation and circumduction Muscular System Muscles only PULL! Tendons of Insertion, Origin Work in antagonistic pairs Agonist, antagonist and synergist, Prime mover Fast Twitch – contract faster short duration - powerful activities Slow twitch contract slower last longer - Endurance events Tendon – Muscle to bone, Ligament – bone to bone (BLMT) Contraction – Isometric remains same length, Isotonic shortens
  4. 4. Circulatory and respiratory system Circ = Heart/Blood/Blood vessels = Transportation, Regulation, Protection Resp = Mechanics of breathing + Cell respiration BE VERY CAREFULL ABOUT WHAT YOU CAN WRITE ABOUT!! Anaerobic system, short duration, produces lactic acid, oxygen debt. Aerobic system, with oxygen , longer duration, endurance Cardiac Output = Stroke Volume x Beats per Minute recovery rate, DELAYING OXYGEN DEBT, efficiency! Benefits of exercise on the TWO systems short term = immediate = breathing rate, heart rate, cardiac output, blood pressure Long term = lots of training = improved efficiency = more blood vessels, increased surface area for gaseous exchange, lower resting heart rate, increased stroke volume leading to greater cardiac output exercise for longer at higher intensity.
  5. 5. Skill and Feedback Feedback – Intrinsic AND extrinsic (KP and KR) Skill – Open changing environment, Closed environment same Basic abilities Agility, Balance, Co-ordination, Flexibility, Speed, Reaction time Novice and Expert – Consistency, Time, Energy and Adaptable Learnt and refined – Practice, Copying, Trial and Error & Role models Information processing model Input ---- Decision Making ---- Output Feedback Motivation and Mental Preparation Relaxation, Mental rehearsal and focusing Arousal - Intrinsic - within self – enjoyment, personal goals Extrinsic motivation – external – Rewards, certificates, trophies and fame Goal setting – SMARTER – controls anxiety and motivates
  6. 6. Social Reasons for Participation Increase in leisure time – Shorter working week, Technology, early retirement and unemployment Why participate – health, Leisure and Vocation School – National Curriculum, Exam courses, extra curricular and club links Social Background – Positive and negative – age, gender, access, education, family, peer group, environment/climate, disability, media, sponsorship, politics & tradition/culture Local and National Facilities local authority provision CENTRAL PARK, private enterprise - (MONEY) CANONS, DEVONSHIRE, voluntary organisation, national authorities National Centres of excellence – Provide TOP CLASS facilities/coaching
  7. 7. Components of fitness Assessing fitness cardiovascular endurance multi-stage fitness test / 12 minute run muscular endurance press up and sit up test Speed sprint tests- 30m/60m and 30m Flying Strength Standing broad jump Flexibility sit and reach test skill related fitness (agility – Illinois agility test, balance – Stork stand, co-ordination, speed of reaction, timing) Factors affecting fitness Diet Physical differences (somatotypes) Age, gender, disability Lifestyle influences Drugs
  8. 8. Fitness training principles PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING: When designing a training program consider these: specificity, progression, peaking, overload - FITT principle, reversibility, and tedium. Training methods E.G. Circuit Overload – Time at each station/ no circuit training of reps/repeat circuit/ Plyometrics use heavier weights continuous training Specific – To the sport/ component fartlek training of fitness. Endurance - flexibility training running station, football - interval training ball control station weight training Progressive – Over a period of time so start easy and increase the difficulty.
  9. 9. Hazard, Risk and injury Prevention of injury Clothing, protective equipment, rules, how to carry equipment, technique, appropriate level of competition, warm up and cool down Good hygiene Change clothes, wash! = prevent body odour, athletes foot and verrucae Injury Treatment Signs and Symptoms – Winding, cuts, blisters, muscles, tendon and ligament, RICE, dehydration, exhaustion and concussion. Where do they occur.
  10. 10. SOME OTHER FACTS FOR YOU A) THIS INFORMATION IS IN YOUR HEAD B) THERE ARE NO TRICK QUESTIONS C) YOU ARE ALL A* STUDENTS AS FAR AS THIS EXAM IS CONCERNED D) AND YES I DO BELIEVE THAT E) YOU NOW NEED TO DO THE SAME NOW GO FORTH AND PROVE ME RIGHT

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