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and new A Level
BONES & JOINTS
What are the anatomical names for the following bones;
Shoulder Blade ______________________________
Label the bones on the performers below;
(Use the Word Bank provided)
Femur Tibia Fibula
Tarsals Carpals Radius
Clavicle Sternum Pelvis
The Vertebral Column
Has three main functions;
Label each part of the Vertebral Column;
C_______ (7 Bones)
Th______ (12 Bones)
L_______ (5 Bones)
S_______ (5 Bones)
C_______ (4 Bones Fused Together)
Functions of the Skeleton
• Pr of the vital organs of the body
• Su to keep the body upright
• Sh to make you recognisably human!
• Blood Pr . Some bones make red blood cells,
white blood cells and platelets
• Le Sy , bones act as levers during movement
• A , bones provide solid structures to which
muscles are attached
• St , bone marrow is used to store fats.
Parts of the Skeleton
Which bones? Which bones?
What is the definition of a joint?
Where ___________________________ meet.
The body has three different kinds of joints;
Fixed or immovable joints, example - the skull
C , only allow a small degree of movement,
example – the vertebrae
F M or Synovial joint, example – knee
There are six types of Synovial Joints;
Type of Synovial Joint Example Description
Ball & S______
Consider the pin diagram of an athlete running, shown below
Name the different types of synovial joint found at the ankle, knee
and hip. (3 marks)
Extension: How to gain an extra grade:
Think about the butterfly stroke in swimming.
Both the knee and the shoulder joint are essential to performance.
Outline the structure of each of these joints and explain why it is so
suited to its function in this activity.