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  • 1. GCSE Recap and new A Level information PHYSICAL EDUCATION BONES & JOINTS 1
  • 2. Bones The Skeleton What are the anatomical names for the following bones; Shoulder Blade ______________________________ Skull______________________________________ Upper Jaw__________________________________ Lower Jaw__________________________________ Spine______________________________________ Collar Bone__________________________________ Knee cap____________________________________ Thigh Bone__________________________________ Fingers_____________________________________ Toes_______________________________________ 2
  • 3. Label Dem Bones. 3
  • 4. Anatomical Names Label the bones on the performers below; (Use the Word Bank provided) Radius Word Bank Femur Tibia Fibula Humerus Ulna Tarsals Carpals Radius Phalanges Cranium Clavicle Sternum Pelvis Metacarpals Metatarsals 4
  • 5. The Vertebral Column Has three main functions; Support Pr____________ M____________ Label each part of the Vertebral Column; C_______ (7 Bones) Th______ (12 Bones) L_______ (5 Bones) S_______ (5 Bones) C_______ (4 Bones Fused Together) 5
  • 6. Functions of the Skeleton • Pr of the vital organs of the body • Su to keep the body upright • Sh to make you recognisably human! • Blood Pr . Some bones make red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets • Le Sy , bones act as levers during movement • A , bones provide solid structures to which muscles are attached • St , bone marrow is used to store fats. Parts of the Skeleton Axial Appendicular Which bones? Which bones? 6
  • 7. Joints What is the definition of a joint? Where ___________________________ meet. The body has three different kinds of joints; Fixed or immovable joints, example - the skull C , only allow a small degree of movement, example – the vertebrae F M or Synovial joint, example – knee 7
  • 8. Synovial Joints There are six types of Synovial Joints; Type of Synovial Joint Example Description Ball & S______ H_______ Knee Sa_______ Con_______ Gli________ P_______ 8
  • 9. Structures in and around the joints 9
  • 10. Feature Definition Function Joint capsule Articular cartilage Synovial fluid Synovial membrane Ligament Bursae Label the hip joint 10
  • 11. Label the shoulder joint 11
  • 12. Homework: Consider the pin diagram of an athlete running, shown below Name the different types of synovial joint found at the ankle, knee and hip. (3 marks) Ankle: Knee: Hip: Extension: How to gain an extra grade: Think about the butterfly stroke in swimming. Both the knee and the shoulder joint are essential to performance. Outline the structure of each of these joints and explain why it is so suited to its function in this activity. 12