PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

1,022 views
854 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,022
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
67
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles Anatomy: Muscles Today we will start to look at the muscles of the body. By the end of this lesson you should be able to: • Explain the function of each muscle group – agonist/ antagonist pairs • Locate specific muscles in the body – minimally the agonist/ antagonist pairs of AQA actions • Apply your knowledge to a range of sporting performances Task 1: Muscles Muscle Origin (bone) Insertion (bone) Movement biceps brachii triceps brachii deltoid latissimus dorsi pectoralis major infraspinatus ilio psoas gluteus maximus gluteus medius gluteus minimus adductor longus adductor brevis adductor magnus rectus femoris vastus lateralis vastus medialis vastus intermedius biceps femoris semitendinosus semimembranosus tibialis anterior gastrocnemius soleus (Hint: identify the muscles that make up the hamstrings and quadriceps) Page 1 of 10
  2. 2. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles Task 2: Agonist/Antagonist Try to complete the following without your book. You might be surprised. The elbow joint The elbow is a hinge joint, with the distal (far) end of the humerus articulating with the proximal (near) end of the radius and ulna. Movement can only take place in one plane, allowing only flexion and extension. In addition, within the elbow joint capsule, the radius articulates with the ulna to form a pivot joint (radioulnar or radiocarpal joint). Here, pronation and supination occur. Page 2 of 10
  3. 3. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles Page 3 of 10
  4. 4. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles The shoulder joint This is a ball-and-socket joint where the head of the humerus fits into a cavity on the scapula called the glenoid fossa. This type of joint allows the most movement, because of the shallowness of the joint cavity. However, its structure also makes it one of the most unstable joints, so it is heavily reliant on ligaments and muscles to increase its stability. Movement Agonist Antagonist Flexion Extension Abduction Aduction Horizontal Abduction Horizontal Adduction Medial Rotation Lateral Rotation Page 4 of 10
  5. 5. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles The vertebral column The vertebral column has three types of joint: ■ cartilaginous, between individual vertebrae ■ gliding, between the vertebral arches ■ pivot, between the atlas and axis vertebrae Page 5 of 10
  6. 6. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles The hip joint The hip is a ball-and-socket joint where the head of the femur fits into the acetabulum of the pelvis. The joint cavity for the hip is much deeper than that for the shoulder, thus making the hip more stable but less mobile than the shoulder joint. The addition of strong ligaments surrounding the hip joint decreases its mobility even more but at the same time this makes dislocation very difficult. Page 6 of 10
  7. 7. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles The knee joint The knee is classed as a hinge joint but this is not strictly true as some rotation is allowed to enable full rotation and locking of the knee. The femur articulates with the tibia (not the fibula). Strong ligaments are present in order to prevent any sideways movement. Page 7 of 10
  8. 8. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles The ankle joint The ankle is a hinge joint where the articulating bones are the tibia and the talus (this may be easier to remember and spell than ‘calcaneous’). Movement Agonist Antagonist Dorsi flexion Plantar flexion Inversion Eversion Page 8 of 10
  9. 9. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles Scapulae: just to complete the actions required Movement Agonist Antagonist Elevation Depression Recap Activity: What am I doing? Use your mini white board to win points for your team. Page 9 of 10
  10. 10. AQA AS Sport and Physical Education PHED 1 Muscles Homework Movement Analysis You should now be able to complete even more columns in your Movement Analysis table Muscle Groups You should also make sure that you know the names, locations and movements produced by the major muscle groups of the body as well as agonist antagonist pairs. Extension You could learn the names of the individual muscles as well as the names of the muscle groups. You could also investigate the origins and insertions of muscles. The PowerPoint Muscles has almost all of the information you should to gain a basic pass – but you will need to do some more research to gain the highest passing grade! So go on, be a devil – use the library! I will collect the homework in next week. Page 10 of 10

×