Classwork                           20th November 2009 <br />1.1.4 Principles of Training<br />10B GCSE Full Course<br />P...
Starter <br />In the back of your book write numbers 1-6 watch the video and see if you can match the aspect of skill rela...
Learning Objectives <br />By the end of the lesson you will be able to…..<br />Define the principles of training<br />Expl...
The BIGGER Picture<br />Unit 1 (Theory) <br />Unit 2 (Performance)<br />Section 2<br />(Your Healthy Active Body)<br />Sec...
Principles of Training<br />    There are different ways in which we can improve fitness and there are a number of princip...
Principlesof Training<br />What would be the difference between these two marathon runners training programmes? <br />Writ...
Principles of Training <br />s<br />SPECIFICITY<br />P<br />O<br />PROGRESSIVE OVERLOAD <br />REST AND RECOVERY<br />R<br ...
Specificity <br />Training needs to be specific to the athletes sport/position.<br />Which activity would be most benefici...
Training needs to demonstrate a gradual increase if you are to improve your fitness level without risking injury. <br />Wi...
Rest & Recovery<br />Rest – the period of time allocated to recover from training<br />Recovery – the time required to rep...
Threshold <br />* Increasing the amount of physical work you do  in order to increase your fitness<br />* Similar to progr...
Agony Aunt Time!!!<br />Listen to the callers and see if you can identify why their training programmes are not being succ...
SMART Goals <br />Extended Learning Task!<br />Research SMART targets and what each of the letters stands for.<br />This w...
FITT Principle  <br />The FITT principle is used to guide the planning of an exercise programme to get the most out of it ...
Individual Needs<br />Would your Nan want to get up at 5.00am to go swimming for 2 hours? <br />Would an elite athlete wan...
Recap Learning Outcomes<br />By the end of the lesson you will be able to…..<br />Define the principles of training<br />E...
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    1. 1. Classwork 20th November 2009 <br />1.1.4 Principles of Training<br />10B GCSE Full Course<br />PLANNERS OUT!! <br />
    2. 2. Starter <br />In the back of your book write numbers 1-6 watch the video and see if you can match the aspect of skill related fitness to the clip. <br />
    3. 3. Learning Objectives <br />By the end of the lesson you will be able to…..<br />Define the principles of training<br />Explain why these principles need to be used in a training programme. <br />
    4. 4. The BIGGER Picture<br />Unit 1 (Theory) <br />Unit 2 (Performance)<br />Section 2<br />(Your Healthy Active Body)<br />Section 1<br /> (Healthy Active Lifestyles )<br />1.1.1 HALand how they benefit you<br />1.1.2 Influences impacting involvement in PA<br />1.1.2b Influences opportunities & initiatives in PA <br />1.1.3 Exercise & Fitness<br />1.1.4a Training Principles & Goal Setting <br />1.1.4b Assessing fitness & Exercise Programmes <br />1.1.5 Personal health & Well Being <br />
    5. 5. Principles of Training<br /> There are different ways in which we can improve fitness and there are a number of principles which need to followed to do so.<br /> The principles of training are the RULES to follow when using physical activity programmes.<br />
    6. 6. Principlesof Training<br />What would be the difference between these two marathon runners training programmes? <br />Write down as many differences as you can<br />
    7. 7. Principles of Training <br />s<br />SPECIFICITY<br />P<br />O<br />PROGRESSIVE OVERLOAD <br />REST AND RECOVERY<br />R<br />THRESHOLD <br />T<br />S ART GOALS <br />M<br />FITT<br />F<br />INDIVIDUAL NEEDS<br />I<br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    8. 8. Specificity <br />Training needs to be specific to the athletes sport/position.<br />Which activity would be most beneficial for the rower and cyclist? <br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    9. 9. Training needs to demonstrate a gradual increase if you are to improve your fitness level without risking injury. <br />Without a gradual increase in the level of your training you will not improve.<br />Progressive Overload <br />45 sit ups<br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />35 sit ups<br />25 sit ups<br />
    10. 10. Rest & Recovery<br />Rest – the period of time allocated to recover from training<br />Recovery – the time required to repair damage to the body caused by training <br />Elite athlete may not have whole days of rest but instead will rest different parts of their bodies on different days to allow them to recover<br />Rest<br />Rest<br />Training<br />Training<br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    11. 11. Threshold <br />* Increasing the amount of physical work you do in order to increase your fitness<br />* Similar to progressive overload, however it gives a clear guideline for safe working levels (provided the individual is healthy)<br />* Suggested that the average performer should train between 60 and 80 per cent of their maximum heart rate<br />How do we work out maximum heart rate?<br />Threshold<br />At what point in the training session was the athlete working at threshold ?<br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    12. 12. Agony Aunt Time!!!<br />Listen to the callers and see if you can identify why their training programmes are not being successful. What tips would you give them?<br />
    13. 13. SMART Goals <br />Extended Learning Task!<br />Research SMART targets and what each of the letters stands for.<br />This will be vital for next weeks lesson!! <br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    14. 14. FITT Principle <br />The FITT principle is used to guide the planning of an exercise programme to get the most out of it as safely as possible.<br />It works alongside with the Progressive Overload principle<br />Frequency – how often we train<br />Intensity – how hard we train<br />Type – what kind of training we do<br />Time – how long we train for<br />Specificity—Progressive Overload---R&R---Threshold---SMART---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    15. 15. Individual Needs<br />Would your Nan want to get up at 5.00am to go swimming for 2 hours? <br />Would an elite athlete want to have a late breakfast and take a leisurely stroll around Rother Valley? <br />An athlete’s training must meet their personal requirements in order to be effective. It must suit their personality, aims and lifestyle. <br />Specificity—Progression---Overload---Reversibility---Moderation---FITT---Individual Needs<br />
    16. 16. Recap Learning Outcomes<br />By the end of the lesson you will be able to…..<br />Define the principles of training<br />Explain why these principles need to be used in a training programme. <br />And……………………..<br />Don’t forget your ELT next week!!!!<br />

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