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  1. 1. Leisure and Recreation
  2. 2. TaskWhat do the following phrases mean?1. Leisure time2. Recreation3. Physical recreation
  3. 3. Leisure time…Leisure is how you spend your „free‟ time.It is the time left after you have been to school, travelled home, completed your chores and slept.  e.g. watch TV, play computer games or abseil down a cliff face.  What you do will depend on your culture and upbringing, your social class and the facilities available.
  4. 4. Leisure time…On average how much leisure time do you geteach day?How do you choose to use your leisure time?
  5. 5. Recreation…Recreation is any activity you do voluntarily, inyour leisure time, for enjoyment. It is a form ofplay.Physical recreation is where youchoose a physical activity.
  6. 6. Task…List 5 reasons why an individual might choose to take part in physical recreation…
  7. 7. Reasons for physical recreation… 3 MAIN CATEGORIES LEISURE + VOCATION HEALTH ENJOYMENTReduce Stress Enjoyment Employment Professional / Body Image Satisfaction & Semi-pro status Relaxation Well being Socialise Life expectancy Friendship Illness Hobby
  8. 8. Trends… It is important to know that leisure time has been increasing.Make a list of reasons why you think leisure time may have increased over the years…
  9. 9. Shorter working week… Many people now work 37 hours per week or less in the 1960‟s it was normal to work 40-44 hours. Many people work part time. The statutory annual holiday entitlement of four weeks and flexible shift patterns allows many extended weekends.
  10. 10. Greater automation at home andat work…The introduction and development of machines has reduced the hours it takes to do many jobs.How???Computers, washing machines, JCB
  11. 11. Negative effects…Can you think of any negative effects of greater automation at home and work? work is less physically demanding unemployment a more sedentary lifestyle effects on levels of health and fitness.
  12. 12. Unemployment… Around 1 million people in the UK are unemployed. Unemployment creates “free time” which can be used for “affordable” recreation. Unemployment was partly a consequence of technological advances.
  13. 13. Early Retirement… Allows a large group of people the freedom to pursue recreational activities. Retired people tend to have far more disposable income than previous generations.
  14. 14. Leisure provisionsIncrease in leisure time = Increase in provision Local Authorities provide a lot of the provisione.g. allotments, swimming pools, library. Private companies also provide leisure facilitiese.g. cinemas, ten pin bowling, clubs. Private companies aim to make a profit.
  15. 15. Leisure provisions…Provision needs to cater for the variety of people(age, ability, interest).“User groups” have been identified, e.g. : Mothers and young children Retirement age groups Unemployed groups
  16. 16. Mothers and young childrenComplex group – often childcare also required.Retirement age groupsStarts from the age of 50. Provision needs reflect the effects of the aging process.Unemployed groupsWide age range present, facilities often used during the day rather than the night.
  17. 17. What role do Organisations such as Sport England play in helping cater for increased participation during leisure time?Identify and target specific user groups.Encourage new and improved facilitiesResearching and preparing designs for sports buildings.Identify good practice in facilities and management.
  18. 18. Conclusion…  Facilities need to be flexible and varied.  The ability to pay for the facilities will govern participation levels.  Many local authorities provide reduced rates for certain user groups. Can you think of any examples? Sport England have made it a priority to identify and provide for a variety of user groups.