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    PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource PEShare.co.uk Shared Resource Presentation Transcript

    • Anxiety
    • Definition
      • Anxiety is a emotional state associated with fear or worry.
      • It is closely linked with arousal since anxiety will cause a person to become aroused.
    • Somatic and Cognitive Anxiety
      • These are the physiological and psychological affects of anxiety on a person.
      • The somatic anxiety tends to decrease after the competition has begun.
      • The level of anxiety is related to the perception of ability to cope in the situation faced.
    • Somatic Anxiety
      • This is the Physiological affects of anxiety such as:
      • Increased breathing rate
      • Increased heart rate
      • Increased sweating
      • Nausea
      • Excessive muscular tension
      • Increased pulse rate
      • Increased blood pressure
    • Cognitive Anxiety
      • This is the psychological affects of anxiety such as:
      • Perceptual field narrowing – This leads to lack of awareness
      • Poor concentration
      • Self-centred thoughts
      • Negative thoughts about their ability to perform well – Talking themselves out of the performance ahead.
      • Fear of failure
      • Inability to make decisions – Means the decision making process is lengthened as a result.
      • Aggression levels are raised
    • Trait and State Anxiety
      • An athlete who has a high level of trait anxiety is likely to develop high state anxiety in a competitive situation.
    • Trait Anxiety
      • This is inbuilt, part of the personality, it is innate.
      • This gives a person a tendency to be fearful of unfamiliar situations
      • A tendency to see a competitive situation as a threat. And also a tendency to respond to competitive situations with apprehension
      • The implications of high trait anxiety leave a performer likely to produce high levels of state anxiety and the demands of competitive sport would be stressful.
    • State Anxiety
      • It is an emotional response to certain situations, leaving a performer feeling nervous and apprehensive which is only temporary.
      • It is the nervousness an athlete feels at the moment before a competition.
      • The implications of high state anxiety is that it can even affect people with low trait anxiety.
    • Factors which can affect anxiety levels once competition begins
      • Evaluation of others during a competition i.e. the crowd, the opposition, the coach.
      • The interaction with others i.e. the opposition are aggressive
      • An injury during competition
      • Fatigue
      • Influenced by the environment – weather/ pitch conditions
      • Success or failure during competition – the score or the time left of the match
      • Type of task.
    • Measuring anxiety
      • There are three main methods of measuring anxiety :
      • One by observing the performer
      • By a questionnaire of how they’re feeling
      • Finally physiological measures such as heart rate monitors and skin conductivity to measure sweating.
    • Methods to reduce Anxiety
      • Somatic stress management – Breathing techniques, massage
      • Cognitive stress management – Positive thinking
      • Decrease the importance of the event
      • Mental rehearsal
      • Selective attention/ focusing