On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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How does one become Information Literate in a Participatory Culture? Exploring Adolescent Content Creators in Web 2.0.
What is a Participatory Culture? “ culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing one’s creations, and some type of informal mentorship” -Jenkins 2005
Mash-ups of data and applications - creativity, ease of use.
What is Content? Information and Knowledge Information - interpreted data Knowledge - belief, personal truth Knowledge is personal interpretation of information.
“ kn owledge is not produced in the intentions of those who believe they hold it . . . It is produced in the process of interaction …knowledge is not the matter offered so much as the matter that is understood . (Lusted via Friere & Macedo, 1987)
Knowledge is constructed between individuals or between individual and “text”. Knowledge is social.
Constructing Information Privileging information : Good & Bad
A Word about Creating
bring into existence
to produce through artistic or imaginative effort
American Heritage Dictionary, 1985
notion that if something is creative it is an original piece and that it is novel . -Raymond Williams, Keywords, 1976
expressive spontaneity - novel only to the producer
inventive creativity and innovative creativity - what is known used in new ways.
Defining IL the ability “to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information” “ le arned how to learn ” - ALA, Presidential Committee on Information Literacy: Final Report , 1989
Defining IL: Doyle’s Delphi Study
Recognizes that accurate and complete information is the basis for intelligent decision making
Recognizes the need for information
Formulates questions based on information needs
Identifies potential sources of information
Develops successful search strategies
Accesses sources of information including computer-based and other technologies
Organizes information for practical application
Integrates new information into an existing body of knowledge
Uses information in critical thinking and problem solving
Defining IL : Research Constructs
An amalgam of skills, attitudes, and knowledge
The ability to learn
A complex of ways of experiencing information use
A complex of ways of interacting with information.
-Christine Bruce, 2000
Defining IL: Reconceptualizing
Context : Workplace, Everyday Life
Information variety of forms (i.e.: experiential)
Mindfulness, understanding of context and deep consideration beyond the notion of skills
Social Constructions and Interactions
Localized literacy practices with own set of rules and procedures
Distributed Cognition - members of the community hold pieces of information that work together to create knowledge
Who are Digital Youth?
93 % of teenagers are online daily.
Indications that divide is not access, but competencies
Who are Digital Youth? In LIS
Research is primarily on youth as seekers
Research is primarily school based
Growing awareness of ELIS behaviors
Primary Construction of Youth in LIS Research:
Students (Youth) struggle finding best information and evaluating information in digital environment.
Students have a gap between confidence(high) and success (low).
Who are Digital Youth? Media and Communications Studies
• hanging out which has a primarily social and communicative purpose
• messing around, a more media centric interest driven activity in which teens are exploring different online environments
geeking out which “represents a more intense engagement” with a more focused digital ecology
2 primary motivations: social and personal interests.