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Introduction toXPages for administrators PHL-Consult.dk info@PHL-Consult.dk Per Henrik LaustenNovember 28, 2012 per.lausten.dk/blog/ twitter.com/perlausten
About Per Henrik Lausten● Full-time developer and part-time administrator with my own one-man company● Chairman of NotesNet – an assocation of 25 independent consultants● Member of the board at OpenNTF – open source for IBM Notes/Domino and IBM Connections● Member of the board at DanNotes● Mentor for XPages developers in several companies● Experienced XPages web application developer ● startdithjerte.dk ● mediaplus.dk ● cbbpremiumpro.dk ● collaborationtoday.info ● sherlockapp.dk ● and more
Agenda● Warning!● What is XPages?● “You”● Maximizing performance● Application development● RESTful web services● Configuration and administration● Security● Troubleshooting and monitoring● Impress your developers and users● Homework
Questions How many of you run web servers? How many of you run XPages web apps?
Warning!● Its the Wild Wild Web (WWW) ● so normal rules do not apply!● The structure and predictability of the Notes client is gone● The web is different than the Notes client● But dont worry! you can blame your developers - and Internet Explorer
“You”● Your job as administrator is very important: ● You help developers ● You help users ● You manage the servers● In other words: you are involved in the complete application lifecycle● Your developers job: build the system
Maximizing performance● Hardware and OS level ● Add lots of RAM ● 64-bit OS and 64-bit IBM Domino/IBM XWork Server (only 32-bit on Linux available) ● SSD for the Domino program files ● Adjust Java heap size: HTTPJVMMaxHeapSize=512M (appr. 25% of available memory). Default can be very low!● XPages server-wide performance settings via data/properties/xsp.properties ● Persistence mode (xsp.persistence.mode): – Keep pages in memory (best performance) – Keep pages on disk (best scalability) – Keep only the current page in memory (scales and performs well) Default on 8.5.2+ ● Compression mode (xsp.compress.mode): gzip ● Aggregate resources (xsp.resources.aggregate): true
Maximizing performance (continued)● Use Single Copy XPage Design: improve performance for apps using the same template● Caching of application data ● DbLookup and DbColumn with cache: http://openntf.org/s/dblookup-dbcolumn-with-cache-sort-and-unique (to reduce hits at the "backend" database). Consider modifying it to use applicationScope for some lookups ● Scoped beans (cached application logic and data)● Caching of resources such as CSS, client-side JS and images (to reduce number of requests from browser to server) ● Application Properties caching of JS, CSS, images and files (defaults to no caching, and is set in each database) ● Internet Site rules (you do use Internet sites in your Domino Directory, right?) ● HTTP response headers, incoming URL pattern such as *.jpg, add Expires header ● XPages Resource Servlet (xsp.expires.global, default 10 days): used for /.ibmxspres resources such as compressed CSS and compressed JS
Maximizing performance (continued)● Pre-load certain XPages applications to improve startup times ● XPagesPreload=1 in notes.ini ● XpagesPreloadDB=servername!! path/mydb.nsf/myxpage.xsp,servername!!path/anotherdb.nsf● Test application using the Yahoo YSlow analyzer (tests 23 of the 34 rules from the Yahoo Web Performance Best Practices and Rules document). http://developer.yahoo.com/yslow/
Demo of compression and aggregation● First load: appr. 300 KB● Following requests: appr. 3 KB● http://sherlockapp.dk
Application development (continued)● IBM Upgrade Pack 1 vs. the OpenNTF Extension Library● Benefits of UP1 and Ext. Lib● Installation ● Installing UP1 on 8.5.3 (OS installer) ● Installing Extension Library on 8.5.2 (manually or via the Plugins Deployment for Domino project on OpenNTF) ● Installing Extension Library on 8.5.3 (using an Update Site database to deploy it as OSGi plugins)
Development (continued)● Domino releases and fix packs improve XPages a lot! So use Domino 8.5.3 FP3 (latest as of November 2012)● Help your developers and users: turn of the intranet setting that forces Internet Explorer to use IE6 Standards Mode!● The Update Site method for OSGi installations can be used to easily deploy Jar files, jQuery etc. that are going to be used server wide● Source control: use an external service such as Github and Bitbucket, or setup your own in-house server
RESTful web services● Domino Access Services (DAS): Provides a REST API that represents Domino objects in JSON format● Provides easy access to backend data for e.g. mobile apps and XPages apps that needs to create, read, update and delete (CRUD)● How to install: http://www- 10.lotus.com/ldd/ddwiki.nsf/xpViewCategories.xsp? lookupName=Domino%20Data%20Service● Must be enabled on server level (internet sites documents), database level and view level● The DELETE HTTP method is disabled by default on internet sites
RESTful web services (continued)● Examples of GET requests: ● GET http://server/api/data Gets information about the databases on the server ● GET http://server/path/db.nsf/api/data/collections Gets information about the views and folders in a database ● GET http://server/path/db.nsf/api/data/collections/name/viewname? start=0&count=3 Gets information about entries in a view of a database ● GET http://server/path/db.nsf/api/data/documents/unid/<UNID> Get a specific document
Questions How many of you use Internet Sites in your Domino Directory?
Configuration and administration● Domino Directory (names.nsf) ● Use Internet Sites ● Use substitution rules (friendly URLs) ● Use Single Server or Multiple Servers (SSO) session authentication ● LTPA: – set Expiration to a high number (example: 480 minutes) because LTPA sessions are not extended even though the user is active – Then use Idle Session Timeout and set it to a (example: 60 minutes)
Configuration and administration (cont.)● Use Domino Web Server Configuration (domcfg) to set up Sign In, Change Password and Error & Response mappings to have login, change password and error/response forms with a corporate UI (?login and ? changepassword commands) ● Set HTTP_PWD_CHANGE_CACHE_HOURS=0 to remove caching of old password● Use Auto Login to set up “remember me” functionality (from OpenNTF) ● LTPA uses Lotus Multi-Byte Character Set (LMBCS) from IBM Lotus to encode the LTPA tokens. You need to install the jar files icu4j-49_1.jar and icu4j-charset-49_1.jar on the server in the jvmlibext folder. They can be downloaded from http://site.icu-project.org/download
Configuration and administration (cont.)● Set up an error page for non-nsf resources: HTTPMultiErrorPage=/error.html ● It has to be a static HTML file. It can not be redirected to a NSF● Use the latest ODS (CREATE_R85_DATABASES=1)● Central control of lots of XPages properties via xsp.properties ● On the IBM Domino and IBM XWork server in data/properties there is a xsp.properties.sample file● XPages creates lots of temp files. You can move them to another drive by using the xsp.persistence.dir.xspstate option in xsp.properties ● example: xsp.persistence.dir.xspstate=e:xspstate
Security● XPages can use session, sessionAsSigner, and sessionAsSignerWithFullAdminRights (!)● Access is controlled in the server document● Tell your developers: Use "Hide design element from: Web browsers" for forms and views when moving an internal Notes client app to the external web
Troubleshooting and monitoring● Add an error page with corporate UI to web applications● Use a central logging system such as OpenLog (from OpenNTF)● Inspect log files (log.nsf, console.log, xpages log files in IBM_TECHNICAL_SUPPORT, etc)● Use XPages Log File Reader for easy access to log files (from OpenNTF)● Use XPages Toolbox for profiling, monitoring and inspection of XPages applications (from OpenNTF)● Use XPages Debug Toolbar for access to debug tools useful during development (from OpenNTF)● Using Java: watch for memory leaks on the server● Use YourKit for profiling of JVM/memory issues
Impress your developers and users● Install XPages Extension Library (from OpenNTF) or Upgrade Pack 1 (from IBM)● Use the XPages demo application (http://dev.openntf.org/) to see what Extension Library and Upgrade Pack 1 offers● Install Auto Login to have “remember me” functionality (from OpenNTF)● Upgrade existing teamrooms and discussion databases to Teamroom XL and Discussion XL (from Extension Library or Upgrade Pack 1)
Impress your developers and users (cont.)● Install XPages Log File Reader (from OpenNTF) and send your developers a link● Tell your developers about XPages Debug Toolbar (from OpenNTF)● Tell your developers about the multipage messages phase listener (by Mark Leusink: http://linqed.eu/?p=66)● Use a central OpenLog database● Load commonly used code elements such as Java JAR files as OSGi modules