Water security and vulnerability Perspectives from a periurban context Vishal Narain
Overview of talk <ul><li>What is periurban ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are periurban issues going to be important ? </li></ul>...
Defining periurban <ul><li>No consensus definition </li></ul><ul><li>As a place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Villages around citi...
Features of periurban <ul><li>Mixed and changing land use  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural lands, mining, farmhouses of...
Why do periurban areas need attention? <ul><li>Urbanization a fact of life in the developing world </li></ul><ul><li>Periu...
Dimensions of water insecurity <ul><li>Water insecurity shaped  by insecurity of land tenure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water s...
Dimensions of periurban water insecurity  <ul><li>Wastewater use  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban wastewater widely used to ir...
Who are the most vulnerable in periurban contexts  <ul><li>Water security is the issue, and not just water scarcity  </li>...
Who are the most vulnerable ? <ul><ul><li>Those whose lands are strategically located e.g. along main roads </li></ul></ul...
Implications for discourses on climate change <ul><li>Periurban residents face a ‘double exposure’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U...
So what do we do ? <ul><li>Base urban expansion on studies of urban carrying capacity to avoid spillover effects into the ...
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Water security and vulnerability_Vishal Narain

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Water security and vulnerability: Perspectives from a periurban context_Vishal Narain

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Water security and vulnerability_Vishal Narain

  1. 1. Water security and vulnerability Perspectives from a periurban context Vishal Narain
  2. 2. Overview of talk <ul><li>What is periurban ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are periurban issues going to be important ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the dimensions of periurban water (in) security ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the most vulnerable ? </li></ul><ul><li>What should we do about this ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining periurban <ul><li>No consensus definition </li></ul><ul><li>As a place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Villages around cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As a process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process of transition from rural to urban </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As a concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An analytic construct to study rural-urban relationships and flows of goods and services </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Features of periurban <ul><li>Mixed and changing land use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural lands, mining, farmhouses of urban elite, conservation and recreation centers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural resources under stress: land acquisition for urban expansion, receive urban wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Social heterogeneity and flux </li></ul><ul><li>Erosion of social capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration, acquisition of CPRs </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Why do periurban areas need attention? <ul><li>Urbanization a fact of life in the developing world </li></ul><ul><li>Periurban areas will grow in importance; will shape the nature of urbanization processes </li></ul><ul><li>Receive scant attention because of fragmentation between rural development and urban planning </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dimensions of water insecurity <ul><li>Water insecurity shaped by insecurity of land tenure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water sources go as lands are acquired for urban expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tubewells not only irrigate, but also quench local thirst </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Residents lose both land and water to quench urban thirst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lands acquired for water treatment plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lands acquired for canals to carry water to city </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building of expressways diverts routes to water sources </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dimensions of periurban water insecurity <ul><li>Wastewater use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban wastewater widely used to irrigate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap source of water and nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often the only source when tubewells are gone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term health effects for consumers and producers </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Who are the most vulnerable in periurban contexts <ul><li>Water security is the issue, and not just water scarcity </li></ul><ul><li>The most vulnerable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who have most of their land at one place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those whose lands are at a low lying area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those whose households are at an elevation </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Who are the most vulnerable ? <ul><ul><li>Those whose lands are strategically located e.g. along main roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who have no alternative assets in the city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those whose relatives and friends have sold off their lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenants vs landlords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Passing on” vulnerabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kann is a common form of land tenure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growing in practice vis a vis sajedaari (sharecropping) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Implications for discourses on climate change <ul><li>Periurban residents face a ‘double exposure’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanization and climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Periurban water security can be understood at the intersection of climate change and urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability is about the intersection of multiple stressors </li></ul><ul><li>Social capital considered important in facilitating adaptation to the impacts of climate change but is constantly eroded in periurban settings </li></ul>
  11. 11. So what do we do ? <ul><li>Base urban expansion on studies of urban carrying capacity to avoid spillover effects into the rural hinterland </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize the futile distinction between ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ water supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a better understanding of the flows of water between urban and rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create greater awareness of periurban issues </li></ul><ul><li>Support action research to foster greater periurban water security </li></ul>

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