Urban Lake Conservation and Protection - Community Involvement

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Shaili - 20.3.13

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Urban Lake Conservation and Protection - Community Involvement

  1. 1. Urban Watershed Management to Combat Climate Change Shaili G Training Programme“Urban Lake Conservation & Protection” March 20th, 2013, Hyderabad
  2. 2.  The city has cascade of lakes which are in bad condition – 3084 lakes in HMDA’s core areas itself, many more in peri urban areas (data available – about 500)  Urban areas have lost several lakes during the process of development, which were earlier natural sources of water for agriculture and several other economic activities. Shadan hospital near Peerancherureleases Bio-medical wastes into the lake  Sewerage water is diverted in the lakes which leads to pollution, Ground water contamination and diseases
  3. 3. Slide curtsey: Dhan Foundation -rural.nic.in/sites/downloads/pura/WM_%20Approaches...
  4. 4. Shamirpet Lake Area : 486 ha
  5. 5. Shamirpet LakeArea : 256.77 ha
  6. 6. 230 Ha of landunder water got reduced in 17 years
  7. 7. 1989 2001 2005 2005 Shamirpet Lake (classified map) 2009 Water Vegetation-1 Vegetation-2 Other classesSource: SaciWATERs and IIIT Study,2011, Forthcoming
  8. 8.  Regulate local / micro climatic conditions  Keep surroundings cool  Regulate flood waters  Minimize economic loss due to flooding  Improve ground water recharging  Support aquatic life  Stop gap habitat for migratory birds.  Contribute towards natural remediation of waste waters.  Silt controlling traps.Slide curtsey: Jasveen Jairath,2011
  9. 9.  Increase in urban floods – extent and spread  Low recharge of GW  Vulnerability to droughts  Peri urban areas – deprived of corporation services bare compounded brunt  Aggravated by gated affluent communities in PU areas  Poor quantum and low qualitySlide curtsey: Jasveen Jairath,2011
  10. 10.  Local water body sources – replaced by distant rivers – krishna, godawari, manjeera Consequences – expensive, larger eco-footprints Local self reliance of water – breaks down Around 60% of HMDA is covered by formal water supply – rest of the areas depend on GW – lakes recharge GW
  11. 11.  Community Involvement - users of water supply and management services Participate in a project cycle By  Assuming a responsibility,  Exercising an authority  Having control over the management of water services
  12. 12.  For planning and execution of a given project A method of understanding the community’s issues Helps in better community participation Facilitates in identifying various stakeholders Smoothens the flow of work Technical assistance Effective use of resources
  13. 13.  Faulty lines Unequal distribution No proper operation systems (on/off switches) Frequent electricity cuts Quality related issues Mixing of water and sewage lines
  14. 14.  Transect walks Random interaction with the people Understanding the complexities of a heterogeneous population Identifying the vulnerable groups Visiting them at their time of convenience Detailed ethnographic study Identifying key active members Formation of committees and sub-committees Interaction with the SHG members
  15. 15. 1. Rapport building  Building contacts with the government representatives, local bodies such as Panchayat office, community leaders, political leaders, other key members2. Awareness building activities (with children, youth and adults)  Street plays, art and slogan competitions for school children, rallies3. Meetings with all the stakeholders  To identify their issues; to gain traditional knowledge
  16. 16. 4. Iterative sessions – Women, landless and poor  Separate session to bring out their perspectives5. PRA exercises  FGDs, Timelines, Social Mapping, Resource Mapping, Water Mapping6. Working groups co-ordination  Local governments, partner NGOs, etc7. Training and Capacity building programmes  WASH practices, Water harvesting, drip irrigation, use of natural fertilizers, etc.
  17. 17. • Framing a lake management committee• Operation and maintenance of the lake : SHGs, Identifying a third party• Regular public awareness: media, hoardings, organising community vigilance meetings, Involving the local school students• Introducing certain resolutions: User fees, Ban on littering around the lake etc;• Community to play the role of “Watch Dogs” !!!• Regular Capacity Building : Municipal Solid waste management
  18. 18. The advantages linked to community involvement are: Improves the outreach of the services Time-saving Recognition of work at community level Programmes designed in accordance to community needs Project management in the hands of community
  19. 19.  TIME – most of them are unavailable during working hours Effective communication – language barriers Identifying the right needs of the community Have to satisfy everyone within the project goals Projects implementation would be time consuming
  20. 20.  Identifying stakeholders representing diverse communities Influence of political parties Communicating technical information in an easy to understand manner Capacity of the community to contribute to the project management After a period of time, the initial zeal in active implementation fades away. The community needs constant push in managing their own resources
  21. 21.  The community would expect immediate change and positive impact Consideration of landless and other poor people into the planning process The tools and approaches are to be developed which would meet the needs of the communities Ultimately all the users would get actively involved over a period of time Importance of the role of women Community involvement is a highly affective method of a change
  22. 22.  Proper planning and implementation process is required for enhanced community involvement. The involvement is influenced by leadership and responsibility. Approaches/strategies should be localized for a better fit into the environment. Successful experiences should be disseminated. Specific tools should be developed to support community involvement in order to reduce the constraints. Community participation improves the financial viability and overall sustainability of the services

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