Definitions of words


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Definitions of words

  1. 1. Definitions of words.
  2. 2. TV Drama • A series of episodes (ranging from 30min to 90mins normally) that link together to create a set constant storyline that was designed for television. • Examples of this include: Being human, Breaking bad, Game of thrones and the walking dead
  3. 3. representation • The way in which something is depicted in a certain fashion. • This could be something like a gender in a television program, or a sexuality.
  4. 4. Mediation • The media’s way of altering reality for the benefit of public interest, whether this is good interest or bad. • This could be changing a celebrity photo for a magazine or only showing one side of a war as positives.
  5. 5. stereotype • In regular terms, to stereotype is to represent a certain group of people with one blanket image, and sometimes this is used in media to help further character development. • An example of this would be teenage thugs all wearing hoodies and ganging up on people in the streets.
  6. 6. Hegemonic norm • The idea that to a certain group of people, this is the normal attitude or religious ideal. • In media, this could be creating a scenario that people can relate to and not being to extreme. • A good example of this is heterosexuals in society
  7. 7. Ideology • The conscious or unconscious reasons why a character will do the things that they do. • In a TV drama this will affect the storyline massively as characters cannot do something that would not be in their ideology.
  8. 8. semiotics • Semiotics is the study of sign processes (semiosis), signs and • symbols, or signification and communication. It is usually • divided into the three following branches: • • Semantics: Relation between signs and the things to • which they refer • • Syntactics: Relations among signs in formal structures • • Pragmatics: Relation between signs and their effects on • the people who use them
  9. 9. Connotation • When we connote something, we are giving meaning to a word further than what it might actually mean • An example of this could be someone wearing black- connoting death, hiding and darkness.
  10. 10. Signifies • Meaning to indicate something, for instance viewing a person in a dark setting constantly signifies that they themselves are dark.
  11. 11. Signifier • Something that will signify something else in a TV drama, for instance it could be a persons house or clothes that signify who they are.
  12. 12. Types of signifier – iconic, indexical, symbolic (find an example of each and explain) • Iconic signifier: A mode in which the signifier is perceived as resembling or imitating the signified (recognizably looking, sounding, feeling, tasting or smelling like it) - being similar in possessing some of its qualities (e.g. a portrait, a diagram, a scale-model, onomatopoeia, metaphors, 'realistic' sounds in music, sound effects in radio drama, a dubbed film soundtrack, imitative gestures) (Peirce). • A mode in which the signifier is not purely arbitrary but is directly connected in some way (physically or causally) to the signified - this link can be observed or inferred (e.g. smoke, weathercock, thermometer, clock, spirit-level, footprint, fingerprint, knock on door, pulse rate, rashes, pain) • A mode in which the signifier does not resemble the signified but which is arbitrary or purely conventional - so that the relationship must be learnt
  13. 13. Binary opposites • Two related things that are complete opposites. This could be two roommates who are different, or characters in a team who are opposites.
  14. 14. Mode of address • It basically means how the text speaks to the audience. Or the way you title something. This exampled in TV Drama could be a characters title on screen.
  15. 15. Anchoring • The first piece of information given to the audience that they will then take everything from. • For instance this could be a plot unfolding where we see a man in a hood over a body, anchoring the idea that it was a man.
  16. 16. Conventions • The normal mode in which something occurs, in which an example would be: boy meets girl, girl breaks it off. Girl realises she was wrong and later takes him back.
  17. 17. List the conventions of television Drama • Boy meets girl and they get together in the end with complications. • The villain nearly kills the good guy, who then wins in the end. • Guy faces challenge which he can only overcome through changing.