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What can a corpus tell us about registers and genres douglas biber
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What can a corpus tell us about registers and genres douglas biber

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NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES

NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES
Practice session 3
Group B. Pascual Pérez-Paredes

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What can a corpus tell us about registers and genres douglas biber What can a corpus tell us about registers and genres douglas biber Presentation Transcript

  •  
    • Text category __ the most important organising principle in corpora.
    • Found in the earliest electronic corpora such as: “Brown”, “LOB” and “London-Lund”
    • “ Brown”: Informative prose in the Brown Corpus.
    • “ LOB”
    • “ London-Lund”: face-to-face conversations, telephone conversations, broadcasts, spontaneous speeches and planned speeches.
    • PRESENT DAY: “MICASE” (Spoken English). Includes lectures, labs and disertation defences.
    • “ CANCODE” (Conversational English) related to different situations and speaker relationships.
    • TWO CATEGORIES: REGISTER and GENRE
    • GENRE PERSPECTIVE
    • Focus on linguistics characteristics used to structure complete texts.
    • The analysis have to be based on complete texts.
    • Example: scientific research articles (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion)
    • REGISTER PERSPECTIVE
    • Focus on words and grammatical features that are frequent and pervasive.
    • The analysis can be based on a sample of text excerpts rather than complete texts.
    • Example: Higher use of first an second person pronouns in business letters than in expository registers (newspapers reportage or scientific research)
    • Most corpus-based studies have taken register perspective:
    • Corpora much better designed for the analysis of register.
    • Software tools (concordancers) designed for the analysis of pervasive and frequent linguistic caracteristics (register features).
    • The genre perspective describes the rethorical organisation of texts, with no consideration of frequency.
    • Detailed analysis of individual texts.
    • Two major types
    • Linguistic variants associated with a feature in different registers
    • The use of a particular linguistic feature in a single register.
    • Both include description of synchronic & diachronic patterns of use.
    • The goal of the second one: describe the ling. Feature and the target register itself.
    • Distinction between:
    • Non-computerised corpus studies.
    • Empirical analysis based on a text collection.
    • Computerised corpus studies.
    • Large text collections.
    • Computational tools and techniques for it.
    • NON-COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES
      • Fries’ Grammars of AmE.
      • (1940)-Letters to the government
      • (1952)-Telephone conversations
    • USING REGISTER AS A PREDICTOR
    • Linguistic variation from all grammatical levels (not valid for the language as a whole).
    • Use of one register appear to be so weak comparing to studies of different registers.
    • Tottie (1991)
      • Ex. Linguistic factors associated with the choice between synthetic and analytic negation:
    • He could find no words to express his pain VERSUS.
    • He couldn’t find any words to express his pain
    • Description of linguistic variation within a conversation
    • Based in grammatical characteristics (Quaglio and Bieber (2006))
    • Based in detailed descriptions of a particular feature in a conversation (McCarthy (2002) Aijmer (2002)
    • Other studies have compared the spoken with the written registers (Biber and Finegan (1988)
    • Studies focused only in written registers
    • They are usually focused on Academic writting.
      • The studies of Stance(Charles (2003,2006,2007)).
      • Academic writting form different disciplines (Salager (1994).
      • Only few studes have described the linguistic devices to express stance in spoken registers.
    • Corpus-based spoken and written registers
    • Many studies have identified the sequences of words which are most common in different register (spoken and written). They are called “lexical bundles”
    • Other studies have contrasted the patterns of use in spoken and written registers. (Collins (1991).
    • THERE ARE TWO KINDS OF REGISTERS:
    • SPOKEN REGISTER
    • AND
    • WRITING REGISTER
    • SPOKEN REGISTER:
    • Conversation
    • Service Encounter
    • Call Centre Interactions
    • Spoken Business English
    • Television Dialogue
    • Spoken media discourse
    • Spoken university register:
    • classroom teaching
    • office hours
    • teacher-mentoring sessions
    • WRITTEN REGISTER:
    • Academic Prose
    • Others: Personal letters, Written advertisement, Newspaper discourse and fiction
    • Electronic Register: e-mail, weblogs .
    • Corpus-driven: Describe patterns of variation between a set of spoken or written registers.
    • Multi-dimensional(MD) analysis
      • Corpus-driven methodological approach
      • Important part in the analysis: Frequency
    • MD studies of register variation
      • General spoken and written registers (Biber 1988)
      • American English versus British English written registers
      • Elementary school spoken and written registers (Reppen 2001)
      • Non-profit grant proposals and author styles (Connor and Upton 2004)
    • Differences in the Corpus-driven MD studies of English registers:
      • The regardless of discourse domain
      • A dimension associated with narrative discourse
      • Corpus analysis and MD studies: Important for historical descriptions of registers: Letters, medical recipes, medical and scientific writing…
    • Numerous corpus-based description of a genre: documenting the structure of a text of a particular type.
    • THE MOST OF THESES:
    • SPECIFIC KINDS OF RESEARCH WRITING:
    • Articles: abstracts, introductions or discussion sections.
    • PhD dissertations from various disciplines
    • Grant proposals
    • Conference proposals
    • Professional letters and application statements
  •