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What can a corpus tell us about lexis (1)

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RECURSOS, HERRAMIENTAS Y NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES Practice session 3

RECURSOS, HERRAMIENTAS Y NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES Practice session 3
Group B. Pascual Pérez-Paredes

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What can a corpus tell us about lexis (1) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. What can a corpus tell us about Lexis? Olivia Sánchez Caton Lucía Roth Martínez Mar Sáez Ortega Déborah Vera Pérez Alba Pérez-Cuadrado Robles
  • 2.
    • Lexis and the lexicon
    • Lexis can be searched simply through exploring individual lexical items and their behaviour, or by using corpus data to examine the lexicon as a whole or to test lexical theory.
  • 3.
    • THE GENERAL LEXICON
    • What do corpora tell us about the English lexicon?
    • How many words comprise the main vocabulary of a language, its central lexicon?
    • - “Exact rank orderings of words and rates of occurrence vary according to corpus composition and lemmatisation policies”
  • 4.
    • WORD FORMATION
    • General corpora also provide information about derivation and compounding, helping establish with potential words are actually institutionalised .
    • For example. Formations such as colo(u)rous , miscolo(u)r are morphologically possible but not found .
  • 5. 2. Phraseology and phrases
    • It is better to look at words in their corpus than looking at them in isolation?
    • COLLOCATION AND PATTERNING
    • What can we learn about a word from looking at its collocates, the words which it co-occurs?
  • 6.
    • FIXED EXPRESSIONS AND IDIOMS
    • Multi-words vs. idioms
    • · Multi-words: 1:Have a wide range
    • 2:Great varieties of behaviour
    • · Idioms: 1: Infrequent
    • 2: Appear mainly in journalism & fiction
  • 7. 3. Meaning
    • CONTEXT AND MEANING
    • Corpus concordances makes us aware of how far the meanings of words are derived from context
    • Do words have independence meaning at all?
    • What can corpora tell us about the meanings of words?
  • 8.
    • POLYSEMY
    • How many different senses or uses words have?
    • How these are distinguished in context?
  • 9.
    • METAPHOR, CONNOTATION & IDEOLOGY
    • Does corpora inform us about metaphors?
    • How does it do it?
    • How is connotational meaning analyzed?
    • How is ideology analyzed?
  • 10. 4. Sets and synonyms
    • LEXICAL SETS
    • Is it useful to divide a corpus by fields?
    • SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS
    • How does corpora analyze synonyms?
    • Can antonyms also be explored with corpus data?
  • 11. 5. Lexis in spoken language
    • How lexis in spoken interaction is analyzed or explored?
    • PHRASEOLOGY
    • What types of features can appear when analyzing spoken lexis?
    • What distinctions can be found between speech and writing lexis?
  • 12.
    • MEANING AND USAGE
    • Do words and phraseologies fulfil pragmatic functions?
    • How the meaning has to be explored?